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Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan bagi ibu terhadap asupan energi, aktivitas fisik dan indeks massa tubuh pada anak kelebihan berat badan

1Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu, Indonesia

2Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Received: 17 Oct 2016; Published: 8 Dec 2016.

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Abstract

Background : The percentage of overweight children in Bengkulu (16.4%) is higher than the national (11.9%). Factors causing overweight is a high energy intake and low physical activity.

Objective : To analyze the impact of health education for mothers in changes of maternal behavior, energy intake, physical activity level and Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score among overweight children 3-6 years old.

Methode : Quasi-Experiment with non-randomized pre-post test control group design. Subjects (48 mothers) were selected purposively and divided into 2 groups (treatment and control). Health education in the treatment group was conducted 6 times in 12 weeks. Analyses were conducted by Independent t-test, Mann Whitney, Paired t-test, Wilcoxon and Covariance.

Results: There was an increased in attitude score (20.9 ± 3.52), carbohydrate intake percentage (3.7 ± 7.30%) and physical activity level (0.04 ± 0.01) in the treatment  group. The energy  adequacy  level (-3.4 ± 13.26%)  and BMI z-score (-0.57 ± 0.26) decreased in the treatment group. There were difference between the treatment and control groups in attitude, energy adequacy level, physical activity level and BMI z-score after intervention (p <0.05).

Conclusion: Health education for mothers affect the positive change in mother attitude in terms of the overweight children treatment and increased physical activity level, decreased energy adequacy level and BMI z-score in overweight children.
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Keywords: Pendidikan kesehatan; overweight; sikap; asupan energi; aktivitas fisik; skor-z IMT

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