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The effect of additional protein, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and inulin on S100β levels of acute ischemic stroke patients at Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital, Semarang

*Stephani Nesya Renamastika  -  1Nutrition Department, Medical Faculty, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Endang Mahati  -  Medical Faculty, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Martha Kartasurya  -  Public Health Nutrition Department, Public Health Faculty, Diponegoro, Indonesia
Dodik Pramukarso  -  Neurology Department, Medical Faculty, Diponegoro, Indonesia
Dwi Pudjonarko  -  Medical Faculty, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Retnaningsih Retnaningsih  -  Neurology Department, Medical Faculty, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 26 Aug 2020; Published: 30 Jun 2021.

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Abstract

Background: The brain releases biochemical substrates, such as S100β protein, into circulation in response to ischemic conditions as a sign of damage in nerve cells and disruption of the blood-brain barrier’s integrity. Thrombolytic therapy has led to the development of many neuroprotective therapies such as protein, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and inulin, which can be added to food products. Protein, phospholipids, and inulin, have a neuroprotective impact on nerve cells in the brain and blood-brain barrier.

Objective: To prove the effect of protein, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and inulin on S100β levels and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Materials and Methods: This study was done in a single-blind RCT. Eighteen ischemic stroke patients were randomly divided into nine subjects for the intervention group and nine subjects for the control group. The Control group received 250 ml conventional formula milk (11.8 g protein) 3 times/day. The intervention group received 250 mL commercial milk 3 rimes/day which contained 15 g protein with 128 mg phosphatidylcholine, 32 mg phosphatidylserine, and 3 g inulin. All of the groups were given hospital-standard therapy for ischemic stroke. S100β levels were measured at pre and post-intervention.

Results: Pre and post S100β levels in intervention and the control group did not show any statistically difference (p = 0.777 and p = 0.096), but there was a trend of decreasing  levels of S100β in the intervention group (-24.6 + 252.0 pg/mL) versus control group (135.8 + 216.2 pg/mL).

Conclusions: The addition of protein, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and inulin did not have a significant effect on S100β levels.

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The Effect of Additional Protein, Phosphatidylcholine, Phosphatidylserine, and Inulin on S100β Levels of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients at Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital, Semarang
Subject protein; phosphatidylcholine; phosphatidylserine; inulin; S100β
Type Research Results
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Keywords: Protein; Phosphatidylcholine; Phosphatidylserine; Inulin; S100β; Stroke

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