KAJIAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN PEMUKIMAN DI BANTARAN SUNGAI MUSI KOTA PALEMBANG

*Inoy Trisnaini -  Public Health of Faculty, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia
Haerawati Idris -  Public Health Faculty, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia
Imelda Gernauli Purba -  Public Health Faculty, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia
Received: 4 Nov 2018; Published: 2 May 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA
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Section: Research Articles
Language: ID
Statistics: 282
Abstract

Latar belakang: Budaya membangun rumah di bantaran sungai apabila tidak diiringi dengan pemeliharaan sanitasi lingkungan, berpotensi mengakibatkan pencemaran sungai. Kondisi ini juga dapat menghasilkan berbagai permasalahan sanitasi lingkungan pada permukiman di bantaran sungai oleh tingginya aktivitas di wilayah bantaran sungai serta buangan rumah tangga. Kondisi ini yang tampak di Kecamatan Sebrang Ulu I Kota Palembang Propinsi Sumatera Selatan. Sehingga tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk mengkaji karakteristik sanitasi lingkungan pemukiman serta program dan kebijakan yang berlaku bagi pemukiman di bantaran Sungai Musi Kecamatan Sebrang Ulu I Kota Palembang.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan mix method, yaitu pengumpulan data dilakukan secara kuantitatif yaitu analisis spasial menggunakan Geographic Information System (GIS), serta kualitatif melalui observasi dan wawancara. Penelitian dilakukan di 6 Kelurahan di Kecamatan Sebrang Ulu I Kota Palembang, dengan sampel sebanyak 150 orang warga dan 13 orang informan yang berasal dari masing-masing kelurahan serta petugas dinas kesehatan. 

Hasil:Kondisi sanitasi sumber air dan SPAL seluruh responden tidak memenuhi syarat kesehatan. Mayoritas jamban keluarga (96,7%) dan tempat penampungan sampah (92,7%) yang dimiliki responden dalam kondisi tidak memenuhi syarat kesehatan. Program penyehatan lingkungan pemukiman khususnya rumah sehat yang diterima oleh masyarakat yang tinggal di bantaran Sungai Musi ialah berupa kunjungan oleh petugas kesehatan setempat. Serta tidak adanya kebijakan terkait pemukiman di bantaran Sungai Musi Kecamatan Sebrang Ulu I Kota Palembang

Simpulan: Masih buruknya kondisi sanitasi dasar di Pemukiman bantaran Sungai Musi di Kecamatan Sebrang Ulu I Kota Palembang, serta belum optimalnya program penyehatan lingkungan pemukiman yang telah dilakukan oleh petugas kesehatan setempat.

 

ABSTRACT

Title: Study of Settlement Environmental Sanitation in The Bank Of Musi River, Palembang City

Background: The culture of building houses on river banks if not accompanied by the maintenance of environmental sanitation could potentially cause pollution in the river, as well as generate various environmental sanitation problems in settlements along the riverbanks. This was due to the high level of activity in the river banks as well as household discharges, which disrupts the aesthetics and function of the river. This condition was also evident in the Sebrang Ulu I Subdistrict, Palembang City, South Sumatra Province.So the purpose of this study is to examine the sanitation characteristics of the residential environment and the programs and policies that apply to settlements on the banks of the Musi River, Sebrang Ulu I District, Palembang City.

Methods: This study uses the mixed method. Data collection is carried out quantitatively, namely spatial analysis using Geographic Information System (GIS), a qualitative manner through observation and interviews. The study was conducted in 6 Outlands in Sebrang Ulu I Sub-District, Palembang City, with a sample of 150 residents and 13 informants from each of the outpatients and health service officers.

Results: The sanitation conditions of water sources and SPAL all respondents did not meet health requirements. The majority of family latrines (96.7%) and garbage shelters (92.7%) owned by respondents in conditions do not meet health requirements. The program to restructure the residential environment, especially the healthy houses received by the people living on the banks of the Musi River, is in the form of visits by local health workers. The absence of policies related to settlements on the banks of the Musi River in the Sebrang Ulu I Sub-District, Palembang City

Conclusions: The poor condition of basic sanitation in the settlements of the Musi River banks in the Sebrang Ulu I Sub-district, Palembang City, as well as the lack of optimal environmental sanitation programs that have been carried out by local health workers.

Keywords
sanitasi; pemukiman; bantaran sungai; sistem infromasi geografis (sanitation; settlement; river bank; Geographic Information System)

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