Hybrid Propulsion System (PV / Gasoline) For Small Fishing Vessels

*Arif Indro Sultoni scopus  -  , Indonesia
M. Marhaendra Ali  -  Institute for Research and Standardization of Industry, Indonesia
Zaenal Panutup Aji  -  Institute for Research and Standardization of Industry, Indonesia
Received: 26 Sep 2019; Revised: 8 Jan 2020; Accepted: 14 Jan 2020; Published: 29 Feb 2020; Available online: 29 Feb 2020.
Open Access License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language: EN
Statistics: 475 107
Abstract

The mechanism of hybrid (PV+gasoline) for fishing vessel propulsion was aimed to reduce fuel consumption.  The background of this research is lots of vessels not going for fishing because of a lack of fuel. With the hybrid mechanism, the fishing vessels could less fuel consumption without decreases its performance (torsion, power durability, and velocity) when cruising. In this paper, a parallel hybrid (PV/gasoline) is proposed. The gasoline generator will deliver power to DC motor if PV energy that stored to the battery not enough as the requirement of propeller propulsion. Hybrid design for a 3-ton overall weight of fishing vessel was designed with eight-unit solar panels @200 WP arranged as four string-2 series. Li-Ion battery pack with 4.5 KWH of capacity was used as energy storage. The simulation shows that the hybrid scheme can preserve the vessel speed at 16 Km per hour with time duration in 12 hours 46 minutes and needs 4 hours 10 minutes for full battery charging by a gasoline generator.

Keywords: Hybrid, PV/Gasoline, Fishing Vessel

Article Metrics:

  1. G. S. Spagnolo, D. Papalillo, A. Martocchia, and G. Makary, “Journal of Transportation Technologies,” Solar-electric Boat, Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 144–149, 2012.
  2. I. K. A. P. Utama, P. I. Santosa, R. M. Chao, and A. Nasiruddin, “New concept of solar-powered catamaran fishing vessel,” in Proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Asian and Pasific Coasts, 2013, pp. 903–909.
  3. K. Mahmud, S. Morsalin, and M. I. Khan, “Design and fabrication of an automated solar boat,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Technol., vol. 64, pp. 31–42, 2014.
  4. I. Kobougias, E. Tatakis, and J. Prousalidis, “PV systems installed in marine vessels: technologies and specifications,” Adv. Power Electron., vol. 2013, 2013.
  5. A. Nasirudin, R.-M. Chao, and I. K. A. P. Utama, “Solar powered boat design optimization,” Procedia Eng., vol. 194, pp. 260–267, 2017.
  6. P. I. Santosa and I. K. A. P. Utama, “An investigation into hybrid catamaran fishing vessel: combination of Diesel engine, sails and solar panels,” IPTEK J. Proc. Ser., vol. 1, no. 1, 2014.
  7. K.-J. Lee, D. Shin, D.-W. Yoo, H.-K. Choi, and H.-J. Kim, “Hybrid photovoltaic/diesel green ship operating in standalone and grid-connected mode--Experimental investigation,” Energy, vol. 49, pp. 475–483, 2013.
  8. N. Visali and S. Niranjan, “Optimized Electric Propulsion System Modelling and Simulation with Low Voltage DC Hybrid Power Systems,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Electr. Electron. Instrum. Eng., vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 13602–13611, 2014.
  9. A. F. Molland, S. R. Turnock, and D. A. Hudson, Ship resistance and propulsion. Cambridge university press, 2017.
  10. H. Lan, S. Wen, Y.-Y. Hong, C. Y. David, and L. Zhang, “Optimal sizing of hybrid PV/diesel/battery in ship power system,” Appl. Energy, vol. 158, pp. 26–34, 2015.
  11. M. Ridwan and Sulaiman, “Parameter Design Propeller Kapal,” KAPAL : Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Kelautan., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 206–211, 2012.