skip to main content

Experimental Investigation of Oxy-Hydrogen Injection in Natural Gas/Diesel Dual-Fuel Engine: Performance and Emission Analysis under Low Load Operation

*Betty Ariani  -  universitas muhammadiyah surabaya, Indonesia
Frengki Mohamad Felayati  -  universitas hangtuah surabaya, Indonesia
Mohammad Arif Batutah  -  universitas muhammadiyah surabaya, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Kapal: Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Kelautan
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
The pursuit of achieving zero carbon emissions by 2050 has led to the implementation of green technologies in the maritime industry. One crucial aspect is the adoption of alternative fuels, with a focus on non-fossil fuels to enhance energy efficiency and minimize emissions during ship operations. This study explores the innovative dual fuel diesel – Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) technology, which offers relatively low emissions with uncomplicated modifications to the diesel engine. CNG is injected into the intake manifold, addressing the need for cleaner fuel options. However, the evolution of this technology has encountered challenges such as methane slip resulting from incomplete combustion. This research proposes an intervention using hydrogen within the combustion chamber to improve combustion quality. Oxy-hydrogen gas (HHO), a carbon-free fuel derived from water through electrolysis, is considered as a potential solution. The utilization of HHO serves as a substitute for pure H2 due to its more feasible production and application, considering the global limitations in hydrogen storage and usage in transportation. The study aims to investigate the impact of HHO on the performance and emissions of dual fuel engines. Experimental tests are conducted under low loads to simulate critical operational points of the engine. Results indicate that the dual fuel system exhibits significant fuel savings, particularly with increasing injection duration. However, the need for additional oxygen to enhance combustion perfection must be balanced. HHO injection demonstrates the potential to improve engine performance, leveraging the oxygen content in HHO and the positive characteristics of hydrogen with its high Lower Heating Value (LHV). Furthermore, the research suggests that HHO injection can mitigate methane slip issues associated with dual fuel engine operations, offering a promising avenue for emission reduction
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Dual Fuel, Emission, Green Technology, Low-load, Oxy-Hydrogen

Article Metrics:

  1. S. Kumar and J. Hoffmann, “Globalisation: The maritime nexus,” in The handbook of maritime economics and business, 2013
  2. C. Zou, Q. Zhao, G. Zhang, and B. Xiong, “Energy revolution: From a fossil energy era to a new energy era,” Natural Gas Industry B, vol. 3, no. 1, 2016
  3. M. J. Hossain, J. I. Chowdhury, N. Balta-Ozkan, F. Asfand, S. Saadon, and M. Imran, “Design optimization of supercritical carbon dioxide (s-CO2) cycles for waste heat recovery from marine engines,” J. Energy Resour. Technol. Trans. ASME, vol. 143, no. 12, 2021
  4. E. A. Bouman, E. Lindstad, A. I. Rialland, and A. H. Strømman, “State-of-the-art technologies, measures, and potential for reducing GHG emissions from shipping – A review,” Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ., vol. 52, 2017
  5. A. Mukherjee, P. Bruijnincx, and M. Junginger, “A Perspective on Biofuels Use and CCS for GHG Mitigation in the Marine Sector,” iScience, vol. 23, no. 11. 2020
  6. G. Mallouppas and E. A. Yfantis, “Decarbonization in Shipping industry: A review of research, technology development, and innovation proposals,” Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4. 2021
  7. N. Olmer, B. Comer, B. Roy, X. Mao, and D. Rutherford, “Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Global Shipping, 2013-2015.,” Int. Counc. Clean Transp., no. October, 2017
  8. L. Van Hoecke, L. Laffineur, R. Campe, P. Perreault, S. W. Verbruggen, and S. Lenaerts, “Challenges in the use of hydrogen for maritime applications,” Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 14, no. 2. 2021
  9. A. Al-Enazi, E. C. Okonkwo, Y. Bicer, and T. Al-Ansari, “A review of cleaner alternative fuels for maritime transportation,” Energy Reports, vol. 7. 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.03.036
  10. DNV GL - Maritime, “Assessment of Selected Ternative Fuels and Technologies,” IMO, vol. 391, 2019
  11. S. Gössling, C. Meyer-Habighorst, and A. Humpe, “A global review of marine air pollution policies, their scope and effectiveness,” Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 212. 2021
  12. H. Xing, C. Stuart, S. Spence, and H. Chen, “Alternative fuel options for low carbon maritime transportation: Pathways to 2050,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 297, 2021
  13. IMO et al., “Third IMO Greenhouse Gas Study 2014,” Int. Marit. Organ., 2014
  14. L. Wei and P. Geng, “A review on natural gas/diesel dual fuel combustion, emissions and performance,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 142. 2016
  15. S. Xu, D. Anderson, M. Hoffman, R. Prucka, and Z. Filipi, “A phenomenological combustion analysis of a dual-fuel natural-gas diesel engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 231, no. 1, 2017
  16. D. Barik and S. Murugan, “Experimental investigation on the behavior of a DI diesel engine fueled with raw biogas–diesel dual fuel at different injection timing,” J. Energy Inst., vol. 89, no. 3, 2016
  17. G. A. Karim, Dual-fuel diesel engines. 2015
  18. H. Rodhe, “A comparison of the contribution of various gases to the greenhouse effect,” Science (80-. )., 1990
  19. I. May et al., “Reduction of Methane Slip Using Premixed Micro Pilot Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Natural Gas-Diesel Engine,” 2015
  20. B. Ariani, I. M. Ariana, and A. Z. M. Fathallah, “Experimental investigation on natural gas injection to minimize abnormal combustion and methane slip in the diesel-natural gas dual fuel engine at low load,” Int. Rev. Mech. Eng., vol. 14, no. 9, 2020
  21. H. Tajima and D. Tsuru, “Reduction of methane slip from gas engines by O2 concentration control using gas permeation membrane,” 2013
  22. B. B. Sahoo, N. Sahoo, and U. K. Saha, “Effect of engine parameters and type of gaseous fuel on the performance of dual-fuel gas diesel engines-A critical review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2009
  23. N. Pavlenko, B. Comer, Y. Zhou, N. Clark, and D. Rutherford, “The climate implications of using LNG as a marine fuel,” 2020
  24. B. Subramanian and V. Thangavel, “Experimental investigations on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of Diesel-Hydrogen and Diesel-HHO gas in a Dual fuel CI engine,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 45, no. 46, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.06.280
  25. O. H. Ghazal, “Performance and combustion characteristic of CI engine fueled with hydrogen enriched diesel,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 35, 2013
  26. A. YILMAZ, E. ULUDAMAR, and K. AYDIN, “Effect of hydroxy (HHO) gas addition on performance and exhaust emissions in compression ignition engines,” Int. Conf. Appl. Mech. Mech. Eng., vol. 14, no. 14, 2010
  27. Semin, F. M. Felayati, B. Cahyono, and M. B. Zaman, “Improvement approaches for the combustion process of recent diesel natural gas dual fuel engines – A technical review,” Int. Rev. Mech. Eng., 2019

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-05-23 13:50:30

No citation recorded.