Preparedness among Family Caregivers of Patients with Non-Communicable Diseases in Indonesia

*Ike Wuri Winahyu Sari  -  Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Novita Nirmalasari  -  Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Received: 30 Jul 2020; Revised: 15 Dec 2020; Accepted: 21 Dec 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Nurse Media Journal of Nursing
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Background: Family caregivers spend 24 hours a day looking after and assisting patients. However, they are not always adequately prepared for all the problems they face. There is a lack of evidence exploring caregivers’ preparedness among family caregivers of patients with non-communicable diseases in Indonesia.

Purpose: This study aimed to identify caregivers’ preparedness among family caregivers of patients with non-communicable diseases.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 120 Indonesian family caregivers for patients with non-communicable diseases, who were selected using a purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using the Indonesian version of the Preparedness for Caregiving Scale (PCS) which had been validated before its use. The possible scores of this tool ranged from 0.00 to 4.00. The higher the score, the more prepared the family caregivers were. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA .

Results: Family caregivers reported feeling of moderately prepared for caregiving. The score of family caregiver preparedness for patients with diabetes, cancer, and chronic kidney disease were 2.97±0.42; 2.83±0.40; 2.89±0.49, respectively with possible range from 0.00 to 4.00. There were no differences on the caregivers’ preparedness among family caregivers of patients with non-communicable diseases (p=0.387).

Conclusion: Caregivers’ preparedness is an essential element of patient care. Nurses have to be proactive in assessing each family caregiver’s preparedness to enhance the quality of life of both the family caregivers and the patients themselves, so that they can be empowered as a source of nursing care.

Keywords: Caregiver Preparedness; Indonesia; non-communicable Disease; PCS

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Last update: 2021-01-20 14:35:48

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