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Pelaksanaan Deteksi Dini Covid-19 di Bandara oleh Petugas: Analisis Faktor yang Terkait dengan Pendekatan Cross-sectional

Bagian Epidemiologi dan Penyakit Tropik, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Received: 27 Sep 2023; Revised: 31 Oct 2023; Accepted: 7 Nov 2023; Published: 1 Dec 2023.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Deteksi dini COVID-19 di titik masuk negara berkaitan dengan kualitas petugas dalam pelaksanaan pencegahan penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pelaksanaan deteksi dini COVID-19 di bandara oleh petugas KKP Kelas IV Yogyakarta.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh pegawai KKP Kelas IV Yogyakarta dengan sampel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi sejumlah 40 orang. Variabel bebas meliputi umur, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, masa kerja, pengetahuan, sikap, ketersediaan sarana prasarana, pelatihan yang diikuti, peraturan yang berlaku, dukungan kepala kantor, dan dukungan rekan kerja. Sedangkan variabel terikat yaitu pelaksanaan deteksi dini Covid-19. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner dan dianalisis secara bivariat dengan analisis statistik Chi-square (derajad kemaknaan =0,05). 

Hasil: Pelaksanaan deteksi dini COVID-19 di bandara oleh petugas KKP Kelas IV Yogyakarta sebagian besar masih kurang baik (55,0%). Ada hubungan signifikan antara pengetahuan (p=0,002), sikap (p<0,01), ketersediaan sarana prasarana (p<0,01), pelatihan yang pernah diikuti (p=0,013) dan dukungan kepala kantor (p=0,011) dengan pelaksanaan deteksi dini COVID-19 di bandara, sedangkan umur (p=0,073), jenis kelamin (p=0,585), tingkat pendidikan (p=0,759), masa kerja (p=0,998), sosialisasi peraturan yang berlaku (p=0,054) dan dukungan rekan kerja (p=0,998) tidak memiliki hubungan signifikan.

Simpulan: Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, ketersediaan sarana prasarana, pelatihan yang pernah diikuti, dan dukungan kepala kantor dengan pelaksanaan deteksi dini COVID-19 di bandara oleh petugas KKP Kelas IV Yogyakarta. Disarankan perlunya pelatihan kewaspadaan dini berkala bagi petugas.

Kata kunci: deteksi dini COVID-19; bandara; petugas Kantor Kesehatan Pelabuhan

 

Title: Related Factors for Early Detection Implementation of Covid-19 at the Airport by Yogyakarta Class IV Port Health Officer

Background: Early detection of COVID-19 at country entry points is related with quality of officers in implementing disease prevention. The aim of this research is analyze factors related for early detection implementation of COVID-19 at the airport by Yogyakarta Class IV Port Health officers.

Method: This research using analytical observational method with cross sectional approach. Population were all KKP Class IV Yogyakarta employees with sample that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria was 40 people. Independent variables include age, gender, education, working period, knowledge, attitude, infrastructure availability, training attended, applicable regulation, support from head office and work colleague. Dependent variable was early detection of Covid-19. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed univariately and bivariately with Chi-square statistical analysis (degree of significance alpha=0.05). 

Result: Implementation of COVID-19 early detection at the airport by Yogyakarta Class IV Port Health officers was mostly poor (55.0%). There was a significant relationship between knowledge (p=0.002), attitude (p<0.01), infrastructure availability (p<0.01), training attended (p=0.013) and support from head office (p=0.011) with the early detection implementation of COVID-19 at the airport, while age (p=0.073 ), gender (p=0.585), education level (p=0.759), length of service (p=0.998), socialization of applicable regulations (p=0.054) and co-worker support (p=0.998) did not have a significant relationship.

Conclusion: There was a relationship between knowledge, attitude, infrastructure availability, training attended, and support from head office with the early detection implementation of COVID-19 at the airport by Yogyakarta Class IV Port Health officers. It is recommended that regular early warning training for officers be required.

Keywords: early detection of COVID-19; airport; Port Health Officer

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Keywords: deteksi dini COVID-19; bandara; petugas Kantor Kesehatan Pelabuhan

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