Kajian dan Evaluasi Struktur Slab Prestressed Precast Modular Concrete

Evaluation and Study of Prestressed Slab Structure Precast Modular Concrete

*I Gusti Lanang Bagus Eratodi scopus  -  Universitas Pendidikan Nasional, Indonesia
Ali Awaludin  -  Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Ay Lie Han  -  Departement of Civil Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Andreas Triwiyono  -  Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Received: 4 Jan 2020; Published: 30 Jul 2020.
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Language: ID
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Prestressed precast modular concrete slabs function rigid pavement, supporting vehicle loads above it on subgrade with relatively low bearing capacity. This slab measures 2000 x 850 x 150 mm3 of regular reinforced concrete (old production) or prestressed concrete (new production) quality K-500. After several times of use, damage occurs mainly at the end of the slab in the form of spalling. The objectives of the study and evaluation were: (1) observing damage; (2) material quality data; (3) numerical modeling by taking into account material properties, loading and soil conditions; and (4) providing slab design recommendations including materials and geometrics. The method of study and evaluation of slab damage was done by observing the damage, taking concrete core-case and testing it in the laboratory, and modeling the slab structure with various parameters (soil data, concrete quality and slab geometry). Field observations and analysis results show that concrete slab spalling occurs initially at the edge (850 mm wide) which in turn causes the effectiveness of the pre-tension force to be suboptimal and finally the concrete spalling volume increases. Apart from the frequency of collisions during installation and slab deformation when supporting vehicle loads. Concrete spalling problems also due to inappropriate concrete quality.

Keywords: Prestressed slab, spalling, precast, modular, core-case

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