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Perilaku Pelaku Perjalanan Terhadap Kebijakan Konversi Moda Angkutan Mini-Bus Menjadi Bus Kota di Kota Bandung

Commuters' Behavior in Response to the Policy of Conversion of Paratransit to City Buses in the Bandung City

Dwi Prasetyanto  -  Program Studi Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia
*Muhamad Rizki  -  Program Studi Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia
Wiena Rustanti Gardjito  -  Program Studi Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia

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Abstract

Bandung City Government plans to improve their bus services which are expected to decline traffic congestion,
reduce air pollution, and improve road safety. One of the efforts is to implement the conversion policy of minibus/paratransit to public bus. The purpose of this study is to analyze people's behavior related for the
conversion policy above and their intentions to use it. For that purpose, the analysis performed with the data
that obtained by interviewing public transport users in Bandung City. The method used in this research is
Theory of Planned Behavior. It is found that, the effect of evaluation outcomes, motivation to comply and
perceived power proven to be significant on the behavioral intention to shift the use of public transportation
from mini public buses to city buses. The contribution of evaluation outcomes influences the highest compared
to other factors, which is 32.36%, this shows that the evaluation of the performance of city bus services is the
most dominant factor in shaping the behavioral intention to use city bus. Positive perception towards the
conversion policy is in the high number, however, the intentions to shift to public transport should be supported
by ensuring high quality bus services.

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Keywords: Conversion, behavior, theory of planned behavior, evaluation outcomes, public transport

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