skip to main content

Perbandingan Regulasi Fly Ash sebagai Limbah B3 di Indonesia dan Beberapa Negara

The comparison of regulations on fly ash as a hazardous waste in Indonesia and several countries

*Januarti Jaya Ekaputri orcid scopus  -  Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia
M. Shahib Al Bari  -  Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
This paper aims to encourage the Indonesian government to review the 2014 Government Regulation (PP) number 101 related to coal-ash. Fly ashes at power plants overload the landfills and requires complete handling solution. The utilization of fly ash in Indonesia are facing the issues, one of these is the categorization of fly ash as a hazardous waste. As a result, its utilization requires permissions from the ministry of environment and forestry. In this paper, a comparative study of fly ash classification as hazardous waste in India, United States of America, China and Vietnam was conducted. India and China are the coal importer from Indonesia. US regulation was once referred when drafting PP number 101. Vietnam is chosen as comparison in Southeast Asia. The Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) results of fly ashes from 16 Indonesian power plants proved that their toxic content was lower than the TCLP parameters in the regulation. Acute Oral Toxicity Test (LD50) results showed that fly ash and bottom ash with dosage up to 7000 mg/kg did not cause fatalities. This study is a reference for the Indonesian government to verify the status of fly ash to be utilized as much as possible in various fields.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Research Instrument
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (71KB)    Indexing metadata
 Research Instrument
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (27KB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: Fly ash, regulation, utilization, hazardous materials, TCLP
Funding: PT Indonesia Power UP Suralaya; PT PLN (Persero); PT Energi Prima Nusantara

Article Metrics:

Last update:

  1. Life cycle assessment of alkali-activated concretes under marine exposure in an Australian context

    Yulin Patrisia, David W. Law, Chamila Gunasekara, Arie Wardhono. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 96 , 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.eiar.2022.106813
  2. Isotherm and Kinetic Adsorption of Malachite Green Using Low-Cost Adsorbent of Coal Fly Ash

    Nadratun Nikmah, Roto Roto, Mudasir Mudasir. Key Engineering Materials, 949 , 2023. doi: 10.4028/p-08Iw7P
  3. Study of physical and mechanical properties of high-volume fly ash cellular lightweight concrete (HVFA CLC)

    Ivan Krissandy Hidayat, Baiq Sri Umniati, Siti Nur Rahmah Anwar. CONSTRUCTION: THE FORMATION OF LIVING ENVIRONMENT: FORM-2022, 2791 , 2023. doi: 10.1063/5.0129033
  4. POLITICAL SHIFT LAW SETTLEMENT OF FLY ASH AND BOTTOM ASH (FABA) COAL BASED ON ECOLOGICAL JUSTICE

    Hartiwiningsih, Dian Esti Pratiwi, Tika Andarasni Parwitasari. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 12 (4), 2024. doi: 10.55908/sdgs.v12i4.433
  5. Mechanical properties of self-compacting geopolymer concrete utilizing fly ash

    Pinta Astuti, Rahmad Afriansya, Evelyn Anabela Anisa, Julian Randisyah. 1ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TECHNOLOGY, INFORMATICS, AND ENGINEERING, 2453 , 2022. doi: 10.1063/5.0094463
  6. Fly ash electrodes fabricated by an acid-assisted subcritical water extraction method for supercapacitor applications

    Jenni Lie, Hardy Shuwanto, Hairus Abdullah, Suryadi Ismadji, I. D. A. A. Warmadewanthi, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo. New Journal of Chemistry, 47 (8), 2023. doi: 10.1039/D2NJ05087K
  7. The characterization of coal waste by Paiton power plant

    Nurul Fitria Apriliani, Dadang Sanjaya Atmaja, Wahyu Tamtomo Adi, Ilham Satrio Utomo. ADVANCES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS AND MANAGEMENT (AMEIIM2022), 3006 , 2023. doi: 10.1063/5.0164774

Last update: 2024-04-14 14:22:21

No citation recorded.