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Analisis Karakteristik Hujan Ekstrim Menggunakan Model Iklim di Wilayah Gunung Merapi

Extreme Rainfall Characteristics Analysis Using Climate Models in the Mount Merapi Area

*Elenora Gita Alamanda Sapan  -  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Joko Sujono scopus  -  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Karlina Karlina  -  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

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Abstract

Extreme rainfall is one of the trigger factors for debris floods in stratovolcanos. It caused by volcanic materials will be easily eroded in large quantity with surface water flow as the result of extreme rainfall. Extreme rainfall is avnatural phenomenon which is often related with climate change. In the future, changes in extreme rainfall characteristics may occur. Therefore, it’s necessary to conduct extreme rainfall analysis for historical and future periods. In this study, the characteristics of rainfall analyzed were the variability of extreme rain as shown by trend analysis of extreme rain indices namely RTOT. Hourly rainfall data at eight rain stations used as input. Future rainfall data was projected using the global climate model CanESM2 (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 and downscaling process using Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM). Comparison of the projection rainfall with historical rainfall shows a different trend at each station. Increasing trend occurred at four stations including Plosokerep, Pucanganom, Sopalan, and Talun stations, with the highest increasing trend occurring at Sopalan stations. In addition, there was also a decreasing trend that occurred at Ngandong station for both scenarios and at Sorasan station in the RCP8.5 scenario. The Jrakah and Randugunting stations show a steady trend.

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Keywords: Rainfall projection; extreme precipitation indices; IDF curve; Statistical downscaling model

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Last update: 2024-02-26 14:09:46

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