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The Arts of Lobbying: Scrutinizing the Functions of Interactional Meta-discourse in Model United Nations Conferences

Department of English Literature, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Jl. Gajayana, Dinoyo, Malang Indonesia 65144, Indonesia

Received: 15 Sep 2022; Published: 30 Apr 2023.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

This study explores how speakers use interactional markers in the diplomatic speech Model United Nations Conference. We used a discourse analysis approach focusing on the meta-discourse markers; the analyzed data comes from the speech utterances based on 10 representative delegates. The data was taken on 27-28 March during the conference day. The five research classifications are hedges, Boosters, Attitude Markers, Engagement, and Self-mentions. The result reveals that the speakers use 280 interactional markers. Besides, the speaker's use of interactional markers might designate a tendency that would impact the audience's agreement on the topic.

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Keywords:  Meta-discourse, Interactional Markers, Model United Nations, Diplomatic Speech

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