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Mengelola Polarisasi Politik dalam Sirkulasi Kekuasaan di Indonesia: Catatan bagi Agenda Riset

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas polarisasi dalam politik elektoral di Indonesia, yang dalam banyak aspek sangat ditentukan oleh framing media dan interaksi para aktor dalam media sosial. Sejak tahun 2014, Indonesia mengalami polarisasi politik dalam derajat yang cukup mengkhawatirkan setiap kali berlangsung pemilihan pimpinan eksekutif ditingkat nasional maupun di ibukota Jakarta. Polarisasi ini cenderung belum memperoleh perhatian yang memadai dalam kajian politik Indonesia. Tulisan ini menyajikan pengamatan awal tentang polarisasi politik itu, dengan tujuan untuk mengidentifikasi peluang-peluang pendalaman riset. Mengingat polarisasi politik itu kemungkinan besar akan tetap hadir dalam sejumlah peristiwa elektoral utama di Indonesia (khususnya pemilihan presiden tahun 2019), penelitian-penelitian yang cukup intensif tentang fenomena ini masih sangat ditunggu dalam studi politik.

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Keywords: aktor politik; media sosial; polarisasi politik; politik elektoral

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