Pemanfaatan Komposit Biosorben Tanah Liat dan Arang Bambu dalam Mengurangi Kandungan Zat Warna pada Limbah Cair Industri Batik

Utilization of Clay and Bamboo Charcoal Biosorbent Composites in Reducing the Dyes Concentration in Batik Industry Wastewater

*Muchammad Tamyiz orcid scopus  -  Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Natasya Nur Hidayah  -  Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Aulianita Salsabella  -  Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Takrimatul Maulidiyah  -  Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Received: 24 Aug 2019; Revised: 12 Nov 2019; Accepted: 30 Nov 2019; Published: 30 Nov 2019; Available online: 9 Dec 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract

The batik industry in Indonesia is one of the small and medium business sectors (SMEs) which is a source of work for some people. The batik industry produces various kinds of liquid waste, one of which is dyes including remazol dyes. In this research, clay and bamboo charcoal which are activated by HCl 1 M were made into a composite biosorbent with a ratio of clay and bamboo charcoal (80%: 20%). In this study, two variables are used, namely dose and contact time variation. The results of removal efficiency for variable adsorbent doses and contact time respectively were 30.00% and 31.33%. FTIR spectrum analysis shows wave numbers 1338.64 and 1309.71 cm-1 which is the C-H bending region. The peak at wave number 1539.25 cm-1 with strong and tapered absorption is identified as aliphatic C-C strains which are functional groups of activated charcoal. The spectrum gives a clay-charcoal composite specification when the absorption peak at wave number 3462.34 cm-1 there is an interaction between O-H in clay and O-H in charcoal, causing an increase in absorption intensity. The use of clay and bamboo charcoal biosorbent can reduce levels of dyes in batik industry liquid waste.

Keywords: Bamboo Charcoal; Composite; Clay; Remazol

Article Metrics:

  1. Ambas, M. 2010. Dekolorisasi Limbah Cair Pewarna Direct Black 38 dari Industri Sarung Samarinda Menggunakan Karbon Aktif Cangkang Biji Ketapang, Laporan Tugas Akhir. Jurusan Teknik Kimia. Politeknik Negeri Samarinda
  2. Arifin, Z., Irawan, D., Rahim, M., and Ramantiya, F. 2012. Adsorpsi Zat Warna Direct Black 38 Menggunakan Kitosan Berbasis Limbah Udang Delta Mahakam. Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia, 6(1), 35-45
  3. Chen, W.J., Hsiao, L.C., and Chen, K.K.Y. 2008. Metal Desorption from Copper (II)/ Nickel (II)-Spiked Kaolin as a Soil Component Using Plant-Derived Saponin Biosurfactant. Process Biochemistry, 43, 488e498
  4. Cuhadaroglu, D., & Uygun, O.A. 2008. Production and Characterization of Activated Carbon from a Bituminous Coal by Chemical Activation. African journal of Biotechnology, 7(20)
  5. Fairus, S., Suhartono, J., Nurhayati., Ariefa, F. 2009. Studi Adsorpsi Zat Warna Methyl Violet dengan Menggunakan Kulit Pisang, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia “Kejuangan”, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, UPN Veteran, Yogyakarta
  6. Herfiani, Z.H., Rezagama, A., and Nur, M. (2017). Pengolahan Limbah Cair Zat Warna Jenis Indigosol Blue (CI Vat Blue 4) sebagai Hasil Produksi Kain Batik Menggunakan Metode Ozonasi dan Adsorpsi Arang Aktif Batok Kelapa terhadap parameter COD dan Warna. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 6(3), 1-10
  7. Kanagalakshmi, Sharan Kumar. K. 2017. Sustainable Development in Chennai's Construction Industry-An Agenda for the Future. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science 4(1), 020-026
  8. Lakouraj, M.M., Mojerlou, F., and Zare, E.N. 2014. Nanogel and superparamagnetic nanocomposite based on sodium alginate for sorption of heavy metal ions.Carbohydrate Polymers, 106, 34–41
  9. Ninggar, R.D. (2014). Kajian Yuridis Tentang Pengendalian Limbah Batik Di Kota Yogyakarta. Skripsi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  10. Ningrum, L.P., Lusiana, R.A., and Nuryanto, R. 2008. Dekolorisasi Remazol Brilliant Blue dengan Menggunakan Karbon Aktif
  11. Novianti, D.L., and Tuhu, A. 2014. Penurunan TSS dan Warna Limbah Industri Batik Secara Elektro Koagulasi. Envirotek: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Lingkungan, 6(1), 37-44
  12. Prahastuti, Trianita F. 2013. Efektivitas Penurunan Warna Limbah Industri Batik Jetis Sidoarjo Menggunakan Hidrogen Peroksida (H2O2) dengan dan Tanpa Sinar UV. Thesis, Universitas Airlangga
  13. Putra, Q.C.W. 2015. Penurunan Kadar Warna Air Limbah Industri Kerajinan Batik Jetis Sidoarjo Menggunakan Abu Layang Batu Bara sebagai Adsorben. Skripsi, Universitas Airlangga
  14. Ramesh, A., Hasegawa, H., Maki, T., and Ueda, K. 2007. Adsorption of inorganic and organic arsenic from aqueous solutions by polymeric Al/Fe modified montmorillonite. Separation and Purification Technology, 56(1), 90-100
  15. Ratnamala, G.M., and Brajesh, K. 2013. Biosorption of remazol navy blue dye from an aqueous solution using pseudomonas putida. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 2(1), 80-89
  16. Sharma, G., Pathania, D., and Naushad, M. 2015. Preparation, characterization, and ion exchange behavior of nanocomposite polyaniline zirconium (IV) selenotungstophosphate for the separation of toxic metal ions. Ionics, 21(4), 1045-1055
  17. Swigar, A.A., and Silverstein, R.M. 1981. Monoterpenes: infrared, mass, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra, and Kováts indices. Aldrich Chemical Co
  18. Ulfah, F., and Nugraha, I. 2014. Pengaruh Penambahan Montmorillonit Terhadap Sifat Mekanik komposit Film Karagenan-Montmorilonit. Molekul, 9(2), 155-165
  19. Zahra, N.L., Sugiyana, D., and Notodarmojo, S. 2014. Adsorpsi zat warna tekstil Reactive Red 141 pada tanah liat lokal alami. Arena Tekstil, 29(2), 63-72
  20. Zehhaf, A., Benyoucef, A., Quijada, C., Taleb, S., & Morallon, E. 2015. Algerian natural montmorillonites for arsenic (III) removal in aqueous solution. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12(2), 595-602

Last update: 2021-05-16 22:24:00

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-05-16 22:24:00

No citation recorded.