skip to main content

Removal Efficiency of Total Chrome (Cr-T) from Textile Industry Wastewater PT. X with Sodium Bentonite Using the Adsorption Method

*Etih Hartati  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Raisa Nur Azizah  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Dyah Marganingrum  -  National Research and Innovation, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

As much as 10-50% of dye wastewater from the dyeing process is discharged directly into the environment. Chromium is the metal most often found in textile industry wastewater, one of which comes from dyes of the Congo Red type, so processing is required. One of the treatments to remove total chromium from textile industry wastewater is adsorption, with sodium bentonite as an adsorbent. This study aimed to determine the optimum efficiency and processing of total chromium using sodium bentonite as an adsorbent with a batch system and to determine the appropriate type of isotherm. The method used to test total chromium was the standard addition method which was then measured using an AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry). The variables studied were the effect of wastewater pH, sodium bentonite and grain size of wastewater on the efficiency of total chromium removal. The types of isotherms tested are Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. In removing total chromium with sodium bentonite, optimum conditions were obtained at pH 8 with a grain size of 80 mesh and a volume of 50% wastewater with a removal efficiency of 98.08%. The appropriate isotherm model for sodium bentonite is the Freundlich isotherm.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Adsorption; atomic absorption spectophotometry; sodium bentonite; total chrome

Article Metrics:

  1. Abrham, F., and Gholap, A. 2021. Analysis Of Heavy Metal Concentration In Some Vegetables Using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. Pollution 7(1), 205-216
  2. Amutenya, E. L., Zhou, F., Liu, J., Long, W., Ma, L., Liu, M., and Lv, G. 2022. Preparation Of Humic Acid-Bentonite Polymer Composite: A Heavy Metal Ion Adsorbent. Heliyon 8(6), e09720
  3. APHA. 2017. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater: American Public Health Association
  4. Apriyanti, H., Candra, I. N., and Elvinawati. 2018. Characterisation of Adsorption Isotherms of Iron (Fe) Metal Ions in Soils in Bengkulu City. Journal Chemical Education and Science 2(1): 14-19, Bengkulu
  5. ASTM Section E 663-86. 1991. Standard Practice for Flame Atomic Absorption Analysis
  6. Bharti, R., and Sharma, R. 2021. Effect of Heavy Metals: An overview. Materials Today: Proceedings
  7. Benefield, L.D. 1992. Process Chemistry for Water and Wastewater Treatment. Prentice Hall Inc, Englewood Cliff, New Jersey
  8. Cechinel, M. A. P., and de Souza, A. A. U. 2014. Adsorption Study Of Lead (II) On Activated Carbon Derived From Cow Bone. Journal of Cleaner Production 65, 342-349
  9. Dewi, D. S., and Dewi, Z. Z. 2019. Effect of Contact Time and pH on Cr (VI) Ions in Textile Waste Using Guava Leaf and Tea Leaf Bioadsorbents. TEKNIKA: Jurnal Teknik 5(2), 141-158
  10. Fadilla, P. J. 2021. Utilisation of Bottom Ash as Adsorbent for Colour and COD of Textile Industry Waste (Case Study of PT TCI Bandung Regency). Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung
  11. Fang, H.-Y., dan Chaney, R. C. 2016. Introduction to environmental geotechnology: CRC press
  12. Handayani, K., dan Elvi, Y. 2013. Effect of Bentonite Particle Size and Adsorption Temperature on Bentonite Sorption Power and its Application in CPO Bleaching
  13. Hasyyati, L., Hartati, E., dan Djaenudin, D. 2020. Chromium Removal in Tannery Wastewater Treatment Using Electrocoagulation Method. Jurnal Serambi Engineering 5(4)
  14. Islam, M. R., dan Mostafa, M. G. 2018. Textile dyeing effluents and environment concerns-a review. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 11(1-2), 131-144
  15. Ji, J., Kulshreshtha, S., Kakade, A., Majeed, S., Li, X., dan Liu, P. 2020. Bioaugmentation of Membrane Bioreactor With Aeromonas Hydrophila LZ-MG14 For Enhanced Malachite Green And Hexavalent Chromium Removal In Textile Wastewater. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 150, 104939
  16. Körlü, A. 2019. Textile industry and Environment (A. Körlü Ed.): BoD–Books on Demand
  17. Lestari, I. P., Mahatmanti, F. W., dan Haryani, S. 2016. Effectiveness of Activated Bentonite as a Phosphate Ion Reducer in Waters. Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science 5(2)
  18. Mukarrom, F. 2017. Mineral Economy of Indonesia. CV Andi Offset: Yogyakarta
  19. Nurventi, N. 2019. Comparison of Chromium and Lead Heavy Metal Analysis Methods Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP OES) and Atomic Absorbtion Spectrometry (AAS). Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim
  20. Prathiksha, P. P., dan Prabhu, B. 2018. A Review On Removal Of Heavy Metal Ions From Waste Water Using Natural/Modified Bentonite. Paper presented at the MATEC Web of conferences
  21. Putri, E. M. 2013. Utilisation of Natural Bentonite as a Filler Material in Polypropylene Composites for Engineering Materials
  22. Sarwar, T., dan Khan, S. 2022. Textile Industry: Pollution Health Risks and Toxicity. Textile Wastewater Treatment. Springer, Singapore, 1-28
  23. Wijayanti, I. E., Kurniawati, E. A., and Solfarina, S. 2019. Study of Adsorption Kinetics of Langmuir and Freundlich Isotherms on Rubbing Ash as Adsorbent. EduChemia (Journal of Chemistry and Education) 4(2), 175-184
  24. Zein, R., Wardana, N., Refilda, R., dan Aziz, H. 2018. Salak skin as a potential biosorbent for the treatment of lead (II) and cadmium (II) in solution. Chimica et Natura Acta 6(2), 56-64

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-21 09:02:11

No citation recorded.