skip to main content

Optimizing Utilization of Hazardous Waste and Biomass as Solid Fuel for Co-Firing

Fandy Ahmad Fauzy  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
*Etih Hartati  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Dyah Marganingrum  -  National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Continuously high use of fossil fuels may lead scarcity of these energy sources in the future. Therefore, it is necessary to develop renewable energy to ensure its availability. One of the efforts in the development of renewable energy and the aims of this study is to examine the utilization Fly Ash (FA), Bottom Ash (BA) combined biomass sludge of Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) and municipal solid waste) materials as an alternative energy source (briquette raw materials) for co-firing in textile industry boilers. Briquettes were made with a composition of 60% FABA and 40% biomass which were then varied in composition. The parameters measured were proximate, calorific value, and shatter index. The feasibility test of briquettes was carried out using a Tanner diagram, where all briquettes made can be burned as fuel. Optimum briquettes quality was measured based on the criteria according to the Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 06/2021. The results showed that the composition of three briquettes that had optimum quality and met the criteria were briquettes with composition 10%FA:50%BA:40%Biomass (variation of WWTP sludge and biomass) with a calorific value and sulfur content of 3,578 Kcal/kg   and 0,70%; 3,890 Kcal/kg and 0,82%; and 3,864 Kcal/kg and 0,96%.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Biomass; bottom ash; briquettes; fly ash; sludge

Article Metrics:

  1. Afriyanti, Y., Sasana, H., and Jalunggono, G. 2020. Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Konsumsi Energi Terbarukan di Indonesia. Directory Journal of Economic, 2 (3), 865-884
  2. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D 5142 Standard Test Methods for Proximate Analysis of the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke by Instrumental Procedures
  3. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D 5865 Standard Test Methods for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
  4. Dikjen Pengelolaan B3. 2015. Dioxin Furan. November 17, 2022. https:// sib3pop.menLHK.go.id/ index.php/dirtydozen/view?slug=dioxin-furan
  5. Indriyani, Zaman, B., and Syarifrudin. 2015. Pemanfaatan Bottom Ash Batubara Menjadi Produk Briket dengan Penambahan Arang Daun Jati. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan
  6. Marganingrum, D., Estiaty, L. M., Irawan, C., and Hidawati. 2020. The Biomass Coal Fermented (BCF) Briquette as an Alternatif Fuel. MSCEIS, 2019
  7. Marganingrum, D., Hidawati, and Djaja, S. D. S. 2021. A Preliminary Study of Fuel Mixture of Industrial Sludge, Bottom Ash, and Municipal Solid Waste for Co-Firing in Coal Boilers
  8. Marganingrum, D., Irawan, C., Mursito, A. T., Estiaty, L. M., Listyowati, N. L., Arifin, D. N., and Hidawati. 2021. The Economics Assessment on The Utilizing of Bottom Ash ash The Bio Coal Fuel. Jurnal Eknomi dan Pembangunan, 29 (1)
  9. Miharja, M. H. J. 2016. Analisis Proksimat Potensi Briket Bioarang sebagai Energi Alternatif di Desa Kusu, Maluku Utara. Jurnal Techno, 1, 15-21
  10. Mimut, A. R. 2020. Pengaruh Variasi Jumlah Campuran Bahan Perekat Terhadap Karakteristik Briket Arang Tongkol Jagung. Skripsi. Mataram: UMM
  11. Oriabure, E. D., Terzungwue, T. E., and Emoh, O. F. 2017. Desity, Shatter Index and Heating Value of Briquettes Produced form the Leaves of Terminalia Mentalis and Sawdust of Daniela Oliveri. International Journal of Pure Agricultural Advances. 1 (1), 34-44
  12. Prameswari, W. A. 2017. Analisa Pembentukan Slagging dan Fouling Pembakaran Batubara pada Boiler B 0201B Pabrik 3 Unit UBB di PT. Petrokimia Gresik. Surabaya: ITS
  13. Rahmaulina, D., Hartati, E., and Marganingrum, D. 2022. Studi Pendahuluan Pemanfaatan Sludge IPAl Industri Tekstil Sebagaia Bahan Baku Briket. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 23 (1), 035-043
  14. Republik Indonesia. 2020. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan No. 18 Tahun 2020 tentang Pemanfaatan Limbah Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun
  15. Republik Indonesia. 2021. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan No. 06 Tahun 2020 tentang Tata Cara dan Persyaratan Pengelolaan Limbah Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun
  16. Safitri, E. D. 2020. Pembuatan Briket dari Campuran Cangkang Biji Karet (Hevea brasiliensis) dan Tandan Kosong Kelapa. Lampung: UIN
  17. Setiani, V., Setiawan, A., Rohmadhani, M., and Maulidya, R. D. 2019. Analisis Proximate Briket Tempurung Kelapa dan Ampas Tebu. Jurnal Presipitasi. 16 (2), 91-96
  18. Speight, J.G. 2005. Handbook of Coal Analysis. Vol. 166, John Wiley & Sons, Inc
  19. Standar Nasional Indonesia Nomor 4931 Tahun 2010 Tentang Briket Batubara
  20. Taşpınar, F. and Uslu, M. A. 2018. Evaluation of Combustibility and Energy Potensial of Municipal Solid Waste: The Case of Esenler Municipality. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies, 5(1), 1-8
  21. Yustanti, E., Muharman, A., and Mursito, A. T. 2022. Karbonisasi Redwood Indonesia dengan Rotary Kiln untuk Pembuatan Bio-Coke dengan Binder Wood Tar Hasil Karbonisasi
  22. Zhu, Q. 2014. Coal Sampling and Analysis Standards. London: IEA Clean Coal Centre

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-05-20 07:44:13

No citation recorded.