*A.M. Setyana Mega Cahyasari -  Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. Sudharto SH Tembalang Semarang
Hastaning Sakti -  Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. Sudharto SH Tembalang Semarang
Published: 15 Apr 2014.
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Section: Research Article
Language: EN
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Uterine myoma (or uterine fibroid) is the most common tumour in female reproductive structure. It can bring
physical impact, such as pain, abdominal discomfort, and abnormal bleeding. T o  cope with uterine myoma,
optimism is needed to improve the psychological wel l -being of the affected women. Optimism was defined as a
positive attitude i n whi ch person can achieve the expected normal health condition after suffering from uterine
myoma. This study aims to describe the optimism of women diagnosed with a uterine myoma. This qualitative
study used a phenomenological me t h o d . Two women diagnosed with uterine myoma participated in this study.
Interview and observation were used to collect data. The findings showed that women affected uterine myoma
had optimism and pessimism fluctuated. Optimism happened after they experienced particular events that
changed their perscpective. Optimism empowered subjects to cope with uterine myoma. Factors that influence
their optimism were social support received from family and others, sharing similar experience from other
affected women, and religiosity. Optimism was also shown through their coping strategies in dealing with uterine
myoma: seeking information, following treatment, applying nutrition diet, and maintaining health status.

optimism; uterine myoma; uterine fibroid; phenomenology

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