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Pengaruh Variabel Keruangan pada Periode Awal Penyebaran Pandemi Covid 19 di Kota Surabaya

*Karina Pradinie Tucunan orcid scopus  -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Sipil, Teknik Lingkungan dan Kebumian , Indonesia
Rivan Aji  -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Sipil, Teknik Lingkungan dan Kebumian , Indonesia
Utari Sulistyandari  -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Sipil, Teknik Lingkungan dan Kebumian , Indonesia
Muhammad Sri Harta  -  Urban Spasial Indonesia, Gresik, Indonesia, Indonesia
Putu Rudy Satiawan  -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Sipil, Teknik Lingkungan dan Kebumian , Indonesia

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Abstract
Penyebaran  Covid -19 selama ini selalu dikaitkan dengan carrier atau orang yang membawa virus baik yang diidentifikasikan sebagai ODP, PDP dan juga Positif Covid 19 (Pos). Namun, banyak yang tidak menyadari bahwa selama ini intervensi yang dilakukan pemerintah secara umum adalah intervensi terhadap pola keruangan seperti bentuk-bentuk PSBB, lockdown, karantina wilayah dan juga pembatasan akses pada aktivitas publik lainnya. Ruang adalah instrument utama dari pengendalian Covid -19 disebabkan ruang adalah wadah dimana manusia beraktivitas. Satu karakter ruang tertentu dalam hypothesis penlitian ini dapat mempengaruhi tingkat penyebaran lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan ruang yang lain. Pendekatan positivistic dengan menggunakan regresi linier digunakan dalam mendekati penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan gambaran mengenai seberapa besar variable keruangan mempengaruhi peneybaran covid-19 dan sebaran secara spasialnya di Kota Surabaya. Pada penemuan hasil yang ada, ditemukan bahwa terdapat 3 periode masa penyebaran Covid 19 di Kota Surabaya, yakni pada masa awal, masa PSBB dan masa new normal. Pada masa penyebaran awal ditemukan bahwa variable keruangan berpengaruh sebesar 61% pada penyebaran Covid 19 dengan variable yang mempengaruhi adalah jumlah fasilitas sosial dan jumlah sebaran warung kopi (warkop) dengan konsentrasi penyebaran spasial di Surabaya Selatan, Timur dan Barat.
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Keywords: Variabel Ruang, Covid 19, Penyebaran Awal
Funding: DRPM ITS, Urban and Regional Planning Department

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