Production of Bio-hydrocarbon from Refined-Bleach-Deodorized Palm Oil using Micro Activity Test Reactor

*Dieni Mansur scopus  -  Research Centre for Chemistry - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia
Aminuddin Aminuddin  -  Research and Development Center for Electricity Technology, New Energy, Renewable Energy, and Energy Conservation, Indonesia
Verina J Wargadalam  -  Research and Development Center for Electricity Technology, New Energy, Renewable Energy, and Energy Conservation, Indonesia
Received: 26 Nov 2019; Published: 30 Jun 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/reaktor.20.2.75-80 View
Production of Biohydrocarbon from Refined-Bleach-Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) using Micro Activity Test Reactor
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (265KB)    Indexing metadata
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Reaktor
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Research Article
Language: EN
Statistics: 54 25
Abstract

Catalytic cracking of vegetable oil for the production of bio-hydrocarbons had been developed. In this study, the catalytic cracking of Refined-Bleach-Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) had carried out over Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) equilibrium catalyst in a micro activity test reactor at 510°C under various catalyst to oil (CTO) ratio of 1.20 - 2.01 g/g. The catalytic cracking of RBDPO had produced the organic liquid product (OLP) containing bio-hydrocarbon, water, gas, and coke on the catalyst converted to CO2 during the catalyst regeneration process. The increase in CTO ratio from 1.20 to 2.01, OLP yield decreased from 80.48% to 70.12%. The OLP was separated into gasoline, light cycle oil (LCO), and heavy cycle oil (HCO) based on boiling point difference by a simulated distillation gas chromatography (SimDis GC). High gasoline fraction as 31.56% was produced at CTO of 2.01 g/g. The gasoline fraction contained olefins, aromatics, paraffin, iso-paraffins, and a small amount of naphthenes and oxygenates. The presence of chemicals in the gasoline fraction influenced the research octane number (RON) of the fuel.

Keyword: bio-hydrocarbon; catalytic cracking; micro activity test reactor; RBDPO

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Article Metrics: