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ESTIMASI DAYA LISTRIK UNTUK PRODUKSI OKSIGEN OLEH KINCIR AIR SELAMA PERIODE “BLIND FEEDING” BUDIDAYA UDANG VANAME (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Abdul Wafi  -  Departemen Budidaya Perikanan, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Ibrahimy, Situbondo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
*Heri Ariadi orcid scopus publons  -  Pekalongan University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Sebanyak 15% biaya produksi budidaya udang digunakan untuk konsumsi energi listrik oleh penggunaan kincir air, selain itu penggunaan kincir air juga merupakan faktor kunci yang menentukan dalam keberhasilan budidaya udang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui estimasi daya tenaga listrik yang dibutuhkan untuk produksi oksigen terlarut oleh penggunaan kincir air selama periode budidaya “Blind Feeding” udang vaname (L. vannamei). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode riset lapang dengan mengamati variabel parameter kualitas air (pH, suhu, Oksigen terlarut, salinitas), laju difusi oksigen pada kincir air, laju pertumbuhan udang, dan estimasi tingkat kebutuhan listrik untuk operasional kincir air yang dilakukan selama 30 hari awal masa budidaya intensif udang vaname. Hasil penelitian menunjukan kondisi parameter kualitas air selama masa budidaya cenderung stabil dan sesuai dengan kriteria baku mutu kualitas air untuk budidaya udang. Laju pertumbuhan udang harian rata-rata sebesar 1.21 gr/hari dan memiliki hubungan korelatif terhadap tingkat produksi oksigen oleh difusi kincir air dengan membentuk model persamaan Y = 4.769 + 0.344x. Sedangkan jumlah estimasi daya listrik yang dibutuhkan untuk mengoperasikan kincir air sepanjang periode blind feeding berkisar antara 0.97-1.07 kW yang berfluktuasi mengikuti efektifitas tingkat produksi oksigen di perairan tambak. Selama periode blind feeding budidaya udang intensif jumlah estimasi daya listrik yang dibutuhkan untuk mengoperasionalkan kincir air dengan kapasitas 2 HP dibutuhkan energi listrik antara 0.97-1.07 kW yang berfluktuasi secara osilatif sepanjang periode blind feeding budidaya udang vaname berlangsung.

 

15% of shrimp culture production cost is used for electricity consumption by paddle-wheels aerator operation, in addition, the use of paddle-wheel aerator is also a key determining factor in shrimp farming. The purpose of this study was to determine the estimated electric power required for dissolved oxygen production by the use of a paddle-wheel aerator during the "Blind Feeding" period of vaname shrimp (L. vannamei). The research method used with the field research method by observing the variable water quality parameters (pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity), oxygen diffusion rate in paddle-wheel aerators, shrimp growth rate, and estimation of the level of electricity demand for paddle-wheel aerator operations during the initial 30 days of intensive shrimp culture. The results showed that of water quality parameters condition during the cultivation period tended to be stable and in accordance with the water quality standard criteria for shrimp culture. The daily shrimp growth rate an average of 1.21 g/day and has a correlative relationship with the level of oxygen production by paddle-wheel aerators diffusion by forming the equation model Y = 4.769 + 0.344x. Meanwhile, the estimated amount of electric power needed to paddle-wheel aerators operate during the blind feeding period ranges from 0.97-1.07 kW which fluctuates following by oxygen production rate effectiveness in pond waters. During the blind feeding intensive shrimp farming periods, the estimated amount of electrical power require to operate of 2 HP paddle-wheel aerators capacity need electrical energy between 0.97-1.07 kW which fluctuates oscillatively throughout the blind feeding periods.

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Keywords: blind feeding; kincir air; L. vannamei; udang vaname
Funding: -

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