skip to main content

Toward Sustainable Preservation of Cultural Heritage Buildings: A Combination of Digital Mapping and Architectural mapping for Omah Pencu in the Historic Area of Kudus Kulon

*Atik Suprapti orcid scopus  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Anang Wahyu Sejati  -  Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Agung Budi Sardjono  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Edward E. Pandelaki  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Abdul Malik  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Nurma Mediasri Huwaida  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 TEKNIK

Citation Format:
This study aims to map the existence of the wooden houses of Omah Pencu and classifies their potencies as heritage buildings in the historic area of Kudus Kulon. Caring for indigenous cultural heritage will contribute to the strengthening of local identity. The traditional houses of Omah Pencu have been developing as the specific architecture since the end of the 17'th century, as a living place of the ‘Gusjigang' community, and artifacts evident of the city heyday. However, the pressure of modernization-capitalization in the city caused several changes in their built environment and decreased the number of Omah Pencu. This research concern with the GIS interpretation methods and the direct observations use the questionnaire, interview, and architectural documentation. The findings provide an important database for preservation in the digital era. The digital mapping, combined with the mapping of tangible and intangible buildings, produces digital information about the Omah Pencu building condition that has never been done before. Through this mapping, found that the participation effort of the community caused the sustainability of preservation. It is a very significant bottom-up participation.  However, toward sustainable preservation, a strategy, planning, design, and management that integrated all stakeholders and resources by utilizing digital technology are needed.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: mapping; living heritage; preservation; Omah Pencu; community

Article Metrics:

  1. Absalyamov, T. (2015). Tatarstan model of public-private partnership in the field of cultural heritage preservation. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 188, 214–217
  2. Arefi, M. (1999). Non-place and placelessness as narratives of loss: Rethinking the notion of place. Journal of Urban Design, 4(2), 179–193
  3. Baeker, G. (2010). Rediscovering the wealth of places: A municipal cultural planning handbook for Canadian communities. Ontario: Municipal World Incorporated
  4. Belgiu, M., & Drǎgut, L. (2014). Comparing supervised and unsupervised multiresolution segmentation approaches for extracting buildings from very high resolution imagery. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 96, 67–75
  5. Blundo, D. S., Ferrari, A. M., del Hoyo, A. F., Riccardi, M. P., & Muiña, F. E. G. (2018). Improving sustainable cultural heritage restoration work through life cycle assessment based model. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 32, 221–231
  6. Bonacchi, C., & Krzyzanska, M. (2019). Digital heritage research re-theorised: ontologies and epistemologies in a world of big data. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 1–13
  7. Budihardjo, E., & Sujarto, D. (1998). Kota Yang Berkelanjutan. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan
  8. Catanese, A. J., & Snyder, J. C. (1979). Introduction to architecture. New York: McGraw-Hill
  9. Caust, J., & Vecco, M. (2017). Is UNESCO World Heritage recognition a blessing or burden? Evidence from developing Asian countries. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 27, 1–9
  10. Cheng, G., & Han, J. (2016). A survey on object detection in optical remote sensing images. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 117, 11–28
  11. De Bernardi, P., Bertello, A., & Shams, S. M. (2019). Logics Hindering digital transformation in cultural heritage strategic management: An exploratory case study. Tourism Analysis, 24(3), 315–327
  12. EC--European Commission. (2014). Towards an integrated approach to cultural heritage for Europe. European Commission Com (2014), 477
  13. Ekarini, D. (2016). Dilema Pelestarian Rumah Adat Kudus. Jurnal Konservasi Cagar Budaya Borobudur, 10(1), 1–15
  14. Ghilardi, L. (2001). Cultural planning and cultural diversity. Differing Diversities, 123
  15. Grogan, D., Mercer, C., & Engwicht, D. (1995). The cultural planning handbook: An essential Australian guide. UK: Routledge
  16. Havinga, L., Colenbrander, B., & Schellen, H. (2019). Heritage significance and the identification of attributes to preserve in a sustainable refurbishment. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 43, 282-293
  17. Hayden, D. (1995). The power of place: urban landscapes as public history. MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  18. Hossain, S., & Barata, F. T. (2019). Interpretative mapping in cultural heritage context: Looking at the historic settlement of Khan Jahan in Bangladesh. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 3,
  19. -304
  20. La Frenierre, J. (2008). Mapping heritage: A participatory technique for identifying tangible and intangible cultural heritage. The International Journal of the Inclusive Museum, 1(1), 97–104
  21. Lillesand, T., Kiefer, R. W., & Chipman, J. (2014). Remote sensing and image interpretation. USA: John Wiley & Sons
  22. Mercer, C. (2002). Towards cultural citizenship: Tools for cultural policy and development. Available at SSRN 2153304.
  23. Mercer, C. (2006). Cultural planning for urban development and creative cities. Australia: Self-Published Manuscript
  24. Moneo, R. (1978). On typology. Oppositions 13
  25. Noardo, F. (2018). Architectural heritage semantic 3D documentation in multi-scale standard maps. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 32, 156–165
  26. Oikonomopoulou, E., Delegou, E. T., Sayas, J., & Moropoulou, A. (2017). An innovative approach to the protection of cultural heritage: The case of cultural routes in Chios Island, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 14, 742–757
  27. Poulios, I. (2010). Moving beyond a values-based approach to heritage conservation. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 12(2), 170–185
  28. Poulios, I. (2014). Discussing strategy in heritage conservation: living heritage approach as an example of strategic innovation. Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, 4(1), 16–34
  29. Prompayuk, S., & Chairattananon, P. (2016). Preservation of cultural heritage community: Cases of Thailand and developed countries. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 234, 239–243
  30. Ragusa, A. (2017). Cultural Heritage in a Comparative Approach: In the Name of Aphrodite
  31. UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  32. Rapoport, A. (1997). Theory in Environment Behavior Studies. In Handbook of Japan-United States Environment-Behavior Research (pp. 399–421). Springer
  33. Rashid, M. S. A. (2015). Understanding the Past for a Sustainable Future: Cultural mapping of Malay heritage. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 170, 10–17
  34. Rasyidi, R. A., & Amiuza, C. B. (2017). Semiotika Arsistektur Rumah Adat Kudus Joglo Pencu. Jurnal Mahasiswa Jurusan Arsitektur, 5(3)
  35. Roesmanto, T. (2002). A Study of Traditional House of Northern Central Java-A Case Study of Demak and Jepara. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 1(2), 219–226
  36. Salamak, M., & Fross, K. (2016). Bridges in Urban Planning and Architectural Culture. Procedia Engineering, 161, 207–212
  37. Sardjono, A. B. (2009). Tata ruang rumah tradisional kudus. Jurnal Arsitektur. UNDIP
  38. Sardjono, A. B., Hardiman, G., & Prianto, E. (2016). Characteristics of traditional houses in the old town of Kudus City, Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 109–118
  39. Seduikyte, L., Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., Kvasova, O., & Strasinskaite, E. (2018). Knowledge transfer in sustainable management of heritage buildings. Case of Lithuania and Cyprus. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40, 66–74
  40. Stapleton, L., O’Neill, B., Cronin, K., McInerney, P., Hendrick, M., & Dalton, E. (2019). A Semi-Automated Systems Architecture for Cultural Heritage: Sustainable Solutions for Digitising Cultural Heritage. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 52(25), 562–567
  41. Suprapti, A., BudiSardjono, A., Rochma, H. A., & Yasmina, N. F. (2014). The Tradition of Living of Muslim Community Kuduskulon. Journal of Social Sciences, 10(2), 63–73
  42. Suprapti, A., Kim, S., Pandelaki, E. E., & Firmandhani, S. W. (2018). a Spatial Dialogue of Heritage Village Between Kauman in Semarang and Seochon in Seoul Toward Preservation Development. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 42(1), 16–23
  43. Suprapti, A., Kistanto, N. H., Pandelaki, E. E., & Indrosaptono, D. (2017). Control of spatial protection in Kauman Semarang. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 41(4), 268–277
  44. Suprapti, A., Sardjono, A. B., Indriastjario, I., & Pandelaki, E. E. (2019). The spatial concepts of cultural heritage village toward a tourism development; a case study of Kadilangu Demak Indonesia. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism
  45. Theresia, J. (2013). Studi Tata Ruang Dalam Rumah Adat Kudus. Intra, 1(1), 1-10
  46. Trancik, R. (1986). Finding lost space: theories of urban design. USA: John Wiley & Sons
  47. TUNÇBAŞ, A. (2006). The dialogue of type and model in architecture. Middle east technical university
  48. Umar, G. K., Yusuf, D. A., Ahmed, A., & Usman, A. M. (2019). The practice of hausa traditional architecture: towards conservation and restoration of spatial morphology and techniques. Scientific African, 5, e00142
  49. Wijaya, A., Sugardiman Budiharto, R. A., Tosiani, A., Murdiyarso, D., & Verchot, L. V. (2015). Assessment of Large Scale Land Cover Change Classifications and Drivers of Deforestation in Indonesia. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-7/W3, 557–562
  50. Wikantari, R. R. (1999). A Study on Possible Sustainability of Wooden Traditional Houses through Examination of Residents’ Own Evaluation and Intention-The Case of an Historic Area of Kudus, Indonesia. Papers on City Planning, 34, 325–330
  51. Wikantari, R. R. (2001). The Sustainability of Historic Environment Composed of Wooden Traditional Houses in the City of Java. Doctoral dissertation. Osaka University
  52. Wikantari, R. R., & Narumi, K. (1999). Architectural characteristics and the altering tendency of traditional housing group of kudus, indonesia. Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ), 64(518), 213–221
  53. Wikantari, R. R., & Narumi, K. (2001). Prospect of public alley and shared-passage in the historic area of kudus, indonesia, based on the residents’evaluation. Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ), 66(545), 197–205

Last update:


    Atiek Suprapti, Anang Wahyu Sejati, Edward Endrianto Pandelaki, Agung Budi Sardjono. JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM, 46 (1), 2022. doi: 10.3846/jau.2022.14275
  2. Spatial patterns of settlements in the Menara Kudus Mosque area

    S A E Nila, A Marlina, Y Winarto. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 969 (1), 2022. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/969/1/012062

Last update: 2024-05-16 19:03:27

No citation recorded.