RECOVERY GARAM LITHIUM DARI AIR ASIN (BRINE) DENGAN METODA PRESIPITASI

*Sumarno Sumarno -  , Indonesia
Ratnawati Ratnawati -  , Indonesia
A. Nugroho A. Nugroho -  , Indonesia
Diterbitkan: 15 Okt 2012.
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Bagian: Artikel
Bahasa: EN
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Statistik: 436 2103
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Lithium demand increases as it is widely used as raw material for rechargeable battery, alloy for airplane, and
fuel for fusion nuclear reactor. Lithium is an extremely reactive element, that it is never found as free element in
nature. Lithium compounds are found in earth crust, with very small concentration (20 – 70 ppm) and total
content of more than 20 million tons. The biggest lithium reserve is in seawater (0,14 – 0,25 ppm) and
geothermal water (7 ppm) with total amount of 230 billion tons. There is no industry applies the technology to
recover lithium from seawater. Having a vast sea area and abundant geothermal sources, Indonesia needs to
develop a technology to recover lithium from both sources. This research is aimed to recover lithium from
geothermal water. The experiment was conducted using synthetic and geothermal water with lithium
concentration range of 220 – 400 ppm, temperature range of 20 – 40°C, and mixing time range of 1 – 4 hours.
The experiment was designed with 2 level factorial design. The results show that the most influencing variable is
mixing time, while significant interaction amongst variables is not observed. Further experiment using
geothermal water from Bledug Kuwu with initial lithium concentration of 400 ppm and temperature 30°C
resulted in optimum mixing time, i.e. 3 hours with 92,5% of the lithium could be recovered
Kata Kunci
brine, lithium, presipitasi

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