The Performance of A Diesel Engine Fueled With Diesel Oil, Biodiesel and Preheated Coconut Oil

Tuan Anh Hoang, Vang Van Le
DOI: 10.14710/ijred.6.1.1-7


Fossil fuel crisis and depletion, environmental pollution and ever-increase in vehicle and transportation means have renewed the scientist’s interest in the world in order to look for potential alternative fuels, which are attractive such as biodiesel, bioethanol, DME and vegetable oils. Inedible vegetable oils such as coconut oil, Jatropha oil, linseed oil or animal fat are full of potential for using directly or manufacturing biodiesel. This work is carried out in order to study the four stroke diesel engine D240 performance characteristics fueled with preheated pure coconut oil (PCO), Jatropha oil methyl ester (JOME) and compare with diesel oil (DO). The test diesel engine performance such as power (Ne), torque (Me), specific fuel consumption (ge) and thermal efficiency (ηe) is determined, calculated and evaluated while using JOME, preheated PCO and compared to DO. The results show that, power (Ne), torque (Me) and thermal efficiency (ηe) while engine is fueled with JOME and PCO are lower, otherwise specific fuel consumption (ge) is higher than those of diesel fuel, the test engine performance are gained the best for JOME and PCO100.


Keywords: biofuel, biodiesel, preheated vegetable oils, engine performance, efficiency, specific fuel consumption.

Article History: Received Dec 9, 2016; Received in revised form January 28, 2017; Accepted February 4, 2017; Available online

How to Cite This Article: Hoang, T.A and Le,V. V. (2017). The Performance of A Diesel Engine Fueled With Diesel Oil, Biodiesel and Preheated Coconut Oil. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(1), 1-7.



biofuel, biodiesel, preheated vegetable oils, engine performance, efficiency, specific fuel consumption


Ayhan Demirbas. Biodiesel, A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines. 2007.

Gerhard Knothe, The Biodiesel Handbook. 2005.

Chang DYZ, Fuel properties and emissions of soybean oil esters as diesel fuel. JAOCS 1996;73:1549–55.

Freedman B, Fatty esters from vegetable oils for use as a diesel fuel. In: Vegetable-oil fuels: Proceedings of the int. conf. on plant and vegetable oils as fuels. Fargo, ND: ASAE; 1982; 117–22.

Graboski MS, Combustion of fat and vegetable-oil derived fuels in diesel engines. Prog Energy Combus SCI 1998; 24: 125–64.

Ekrem Buyukkaya. Effects of biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics. ScienceDirect, Volume 89, Issue 10, October 2010, 3099–3105.

Marcelo Jose´ da Silva, Comparative analysis of engine generator performance using diesel oil and biodiesels available in Parana´ State, Brazil. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 17, 2013, 278–282

Ramadhas AS, Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil. J Renew Energ 2005;30, 1700–1709.

Raheman H, Diesel engine emissions and performance from blends of karanja methyl ester and diesel. J Biomass Bioenerg 2004;27, 393–397

Pramanik. K. Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. Renewable Energy 28 ,2003, 239–248

Murugesan. A, et al. Biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines - A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.13, No.3, 2009, 653-662

Misra.R.D & Murthy M.S. Straight vegetable oils usage in a compression ignition engine - A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.14, No.9, 2010, 3005-3013.

Sagar Pramodrao Kadu, Experimental Investigations on the Use of Preheated Neat Karanja Oil as Fuel in a Compression Ignition Engine. Engineering and Technology, pp540-544, 2010.

Canakci M, Comparison of engine performance and emissions for petroleum diesel fuel, yellow grease biodiesel and soybean oil biodiesel. Trans ASAE 2003;46, 937–944.

Scholl KW, Combustion of soybean oil methyl ester in a direct injection diesel engine. SAE 930-934.

Prasad CVM, Performance evaluation of non-edible vegetable oils as substitute fuels in low heat rejection diesel engines. Proc Inst Mech Eng D 2000;214, 181–187.

Haas MJ, A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs. Bio-resource Technol Vol 4, 97, 2006, 671–678.

Kasteren JMNV, A process model to estimate the cost of industrial scale biodiesel production from waste cooking oil by supercritical transesterification. Resource, Conserv Recycling 50(4), 2007, 442–458.

Dorado MP, An approach to the economics of two vegetable oil based biofuels in Spain. Renew Energy 31(8), 2006, 1231–1237.

Wassell CS, Dittmer TP. Are subsidies for biodiesel economically efficient. Energy Policy, 34(18), 2006, 3993–4001.

Agarwal AK, Das LM. Biodiesel development and characterization for use as a fuel in compression ignition engines. Trans ASME;123, 2001, 440–447.

Sigar C.P, Performance and emission characteristics of vegetable oil as diesel fuel extender. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 2008, Vol.31, No.2, 139-148.


  • There are currently no refbacks.