skip to main content

The Performance of A Diesel Engine Fueled With Diesel Oil, Biodiesel and Preheated Coconut Oil

Ho Chi Minh University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh city,, Viet Nam

Published: 22 Mar 2017.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto

Citation Format:

Fossil fuel crisis and depletion, environmental pollution and ever-increase in vehicle and transportation means have renewed the scientist’s interest in the world in order to look for potential alternative fuels, which are attractive such as biodiesel, bioethanol, DME and vegetable oils. Inedible vegetable oils such as coconut oil, Jatropha oil, linseed oil or animal fat are full of potential for using directly or manufacturing biodiesel. This work is carried out in order to study the four stroke diesel engine D240 performance characteristics fueled with preheated pure coconut oil (PCO), Jatropha oil methyl ester (JOME) and compare with diesel oil (DO). The test diesel engine performance such as power (Ne), torque (Me), specific fuel consumption (ge) and thermal efficiency (ηe) is determined, calculated and evaluated while using JOME, preheated PCO and compared to DO. The results show that, power (Ne), torque (Me) and thermal efficiency (ηe) while engine is fueled with JOME and PCO are lower, otherwise specific fuel consumption (ge) is higher than those of diesel fuel, the test engine performance are gained the best for JOME and PCO100.

Article History: Received Dec 9, 2016; Received in revised form January 28, 2017; Accepted February 4, 2017; Available online

How to Cite This Article: Hoang, T.A and Le,V. V. (2017). The Performance of A Diesel Engine Fueled With Diesel Oil, Biodiesel and Preheated Coconut Oil. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(1), 1-7.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: biofuel, biodiesel, preheated vegetable oils, engine performance, efficiency, specific fuel consumption

Article Metrics:

  1. Agarwal, A.K., Das, L.M. (2001) Biodiesel development and characterization for use as a fuel in compression ignition engines. Trans ASME,123, 440–447
  2. Ayhan, D. (2007) Biodiesel. A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines
  3. Canakci, M., Van Gerpen, J.H. (2003) Comparison of engine performance and emissions for petroleum diesel fuel, yellow grease biodiesel and soybean oil biodiesel. Trans ASAE, 46, 937–944
  4. David, Y.Z.C., Jon, H.V., Inmok, L., Lawrence, A.J., Earl, G.H., Stephen, J.M. (1996) Fuel properties and emissions of soybean oil esters as diesel fuel. JAOCS, 73, 1549–1555
  5. Dorado, M.P., Cruz, F., Palomar, J.M., López, F.J. (2006) An approach to the economics of two vegetable oil based biofuels in Spain. Renewable Energy, 31, 1231–1237
  6. Ekrem, B. (2010) Effects of biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics. Science Direct, 89, 3099–3105
  7. Fathima, J., Selva, I.P., Lima, R.M. (2011) Fatty esters from vegetable oils for use as a diesel fuel. IEEE Conference on Clean Energy and Technology (CET)
  8. Gerhard, K., Jon, V.G. (2005) The Biodiesel Handbook
  9. Accessed on 17 September 2016
  10. Hossain, A.K., Davies, P.A. (2012) Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of an indirect injection (IDI) multi-cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine operating on neat jatropha and karanj oils preheated by jacket water. Biomass and Bioenergy, 46, 332-342
  11. Kadu, S.P., Sarda, R.H. (2010) Experimental Investigations on the Use of Preheated Neat Karanja Oil as Fuel in a Compression Ignition Engine, Engineering and Technology, 540-544
  12. Kasteren, J.M.N.V., Nisworob, A.P. (2007) A process model to estimate the cost of industrial scale biodiesel production from waste cooking oil by supercritical transesterification. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 50, 442–458
  13. Kyle, W.S., Spencer, C.S. (1993) Combustion of soybean oil methyl ester in a direct injection diesel engine. SAE Technical Paper, 930-934
  14. Marcelo, J.da.S, Samuel, N.M.S., LuizIna´, C., Helton, A.R., Deonir, S., Reginaldo, F.S., Reinaldo, A.B., Carlos, E.C.N. (2013) Comparative analysis of engine generator performance using diesel oil and biodiesels available in Parana´ State, Brazil. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 17, 278–282
  15. Michael, J.H., Andrew, J.M., Winnie, C.Y., Thomas, A.F. (2006) A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs. Bio-resource Technology, 4, 671–678
  16. Michael, S.G., Robert, L.M. (1998) Combustion of fat and vegetable-oil derived fuels in diesel engines. Progress Energy Combus SCI, 24, 125–164
  17. Misra, R.D., Murthy, M.S. (2010) Straight vegetable oils usage in a compression ignition engine - A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 3005-3013
  18. Murugesan, A., Umarani, C., Subramanian, R., Nedunchezhian, N. (2009) Biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines - A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 653-662
  19. Pramanik, K. (2003) Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. Renewable Energy, 28, 239–248
  20. Prasad, C.M.V., Krishna, M.V.S.M., Reddy, C.P., Mohan, K.R. (2000) Performance evaluation of non-edible vegetable oils as substitute fuels in low heat rejection diesel engines. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 214, 181–187
  21. Raheman, H., Phadatare, A.G. (2004) Diesel engine emissions and performance from blends of karanja methyl ester and diesel. Biomass Bioenergy, 27, 393–397
  22. Ramadhas, A.S., Muraleedharan, C., Jayaraj S. (2005) Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil. Renewable Energy, 30, 1789–1800
  23. Sigar, C.P., Soni, S.L., Mathur, J., Sharma, D. ( 2008) Performance and emission characteristics of vegetable oil as diesel fuel extender. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 31, 139-148
  24. Volpato, C.E.S., Conde, A.P., BarbosaJ, A., Salvador, N. (2009) Desempenho de motor diesel quatro tempos alimentado com biodiesel de o´leo de soja (B100). Ciencia Agrotecnolo´gica, 33(4), 1125–1130
  25. Wassell, C.S., Dittmer, T.P. (2006) Are subsidies for biodiesel economically efficient. Energy Policy, 34, 3993–4001

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.