skip to main content

Policy Formulation of The Marine Governance in The Coastal Southern Lebak Regency Banten Province

Universitas Serang Raya, Indonesia

Received: 27 Sep 2020; Published: 30 Nov 2020.
Editor(s): Sudarno Utomo

Citation Format:
Abstract

This paper is aimed to explain the presence of marine potentials in the southern coastal area of Lebak Regency, Banten Province that have not been fully exploited. There are several potentials found in this Regency, the extensive coastline of approximately 91.42 km², and the marine resources and fisheries that could be developed. The potentials include not only fisheries and tourism but also mining. With such a high rate of development in the coastal area of Lebak Regency, it will certainly cause various problems in the region such as First, the degradation of coastal and marine ecosystems in Lebak Regency; Second, the increasing intensity of environmental pollution caused by mining and extraction activities; Third, the vulnerability to natural disasters (abrasion, tsunami, erosion, climate change, et cetera); Fourth, the occurrence of area utilization conflict; and Fifth, low productivity of biological marine resources utilization. The method used in this study was a qualitative research method with in-depth interviews, observations, and documentation.  The results show that two issues become marine management problems in the southern coastal area of Lebak Regency, the first is environmental degradation, the second is space use conflicts, and the third is waste pollution due to organic and non-organic waste. Meanwhile, actor mapping shows that the government, in this case, the Regent as the authority in the area, has the power, influence, and interest to give input to the marine management of the Southern Coast of Lebak Regency so that it would not only increase the local revenue but also have a significant effect on the local communities, especially the fisher people and, and the environmental sustainability.

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to explain the presence of marine potentials in the southern coastal area of Lebak Regency, Banten Province that have not been fully exploited. There are several potentials found in this Regency, the extensive coastline of approximately 91.42 km², and the marine resources and fisheries that could be developed. The potentials include not only fisheries and tourism but also mining. With such a high rate of development in the coastal area of Lebak Regency, it will certainly cause various problems in the region such as First, the degradation of coastal and marine ecosystems in Lebak Regency; Second, the increasing intensity of environmental pollution caused by mining and extraction activities; Third, the vulnerability to natural disasters (abrasion, tsunami, erosion, climate change, et cetera); Fourth, the occurrence of area utilization conflict; and Fifth, low productivity of biological marine resources utilization. The method used in this study was a qualitative research method with in-depth interviews, observations, and documentation.  The results show that two issues become marine management problems in the southern coastal area of Lebak Regency, the first is environmental degradation, the second is space use conflicts, and the third is waste pollution due to organic and non-organic waste. Meanwhile, actor mapping shows that the government, in this case, the Regent as the authority in the area, has the power, influence, and interest to give input to the marine management of the Southern Coast of Lebak Regency so that it would not only increase the local revenue but also have a significant effect on the local communities, especially the fisher people and, and the environmental sustainability.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Policy Formulation, Governance, Marine Economy, Sustainability, and Public Welfare

Article Metrics:

  1. Aknar, I. 2014. Potensi Investasi Kelautan Indonesia. Balai Besar Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan Perikanan. Hal 5–6
  2. Amanta, L., & Kusumasari, B. 2019. Intervensi Aktor dalam Mempengaruhi Formulasi Kebijakan Lingkungan : Studi Kasus Kebijakan Relokasi Tambak Udang di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Borneo Administrator, Vol. 15 No. 2. Hal 179–198
  3. Anderson, J. E. 2003. Public Policymaking. Boston New York. Houghton Miffin Company
  4. Barokah, G. R., Kurniasari, A., dan Gunawan. 2016. Kelimpahan Fitoplankton Penyebab Hab (Harmful Algal Bloom) di Perairan Teluk Lampung Pada Musim Barat Dan Timur. JPB Kelautan dan Perikanan, Vol. 11 No. 2. Hal 115–125
  5. Bertscher, A., London, L., and Orgill, M. 2018. Unpacking Policy Formulation and Industry Influence : The Case of The Draft Control of Marketing of Alcoholic Beverages Bill in South Africa. Pages 786–800
  6. Cormier, R., and Elliott, M. 2017. Smart Marine Goals , Targets and Management – Is SDG 14 Operational or Aspirational , is ‘ Life Below Water ’ Sinking or Swimming ? Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 123 No. 1–2. Pages 28–33
  7. Creswell, J. 2009. Research Design. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, Vol. 53 No. 9. Pages 1689–1699
  8. Herlianti, J., dan Prijadi Soedarsono. 2016. Hubungan Antara Kandungan Nitrat, Fosfat dan Klorofil-A di Sungai Kaligarang, Semarang. Diponegoro. Journal of Marqueares, Vol. 5 No. 1. Hal 69–74
  9. James, N., and Dearden, P. 2014. Why Local People do not Support Conservation : Community perceptions of Marine Protected Area Livelihood Impacts , Governance and Management in Thailand. Marine Policy, Vol. 44. Pages 107–116
  10. Kusumawardhani, I., dan Afriansyah, A. 2019. Kebijakan Kelautan Indonesia dan Diplomasi Maritim. Kertha Patrika, Vol. 41 No. 3
  11. Lebak, B. 2017. Kabupaten Lebak dalam Angka 2017. Kabupaten Lebak. CV. Karya Amanah Art
  12. Liliek Soeprijadi Soeprijadi, Yuli, E., Susilo, E., and Rudianto, R. 2013. Fishermen Community Economic Empowerment Through Joint Development Business Group in Cirebon City. The International Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 3. Pages 1–9
  13. Long, R. D., Charles, A., and Stephenson, R. L. 2015. Key Principles of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management. Marine Policy, Vol. 5. Pages 53–60
  14. Mohammed, E. Y., Steinbach, D., and Steele, P. 2018. Fiscal Reforms for Sustainable Marine Fi Sheries Governance : Delivering The SDGs and Ensuring no one is Left Behind. Marine Policy, Vol. 93. Pages 262–270
  15. Politecnico, T. 2017. Mapping The Transformation for The Competitiveness of A and Prof . Marzia Morena Actors and Roles In Decision-Making Process
  16. Pratama, S. W. 2018. Indeks Pencemaran Air Laut Pantai Selatan Bantul dengan Parameter TSS dan Kimia Non-Logam. Universitas Islam Indonesia
  17. RI. 2014. Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2014 tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 27 Tahun 2007 tentang Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil
  18. Riet, O. van de. 2003. Policy Analysis in Multi-Actor Policy Settings. Netherlands. Eburon Publisher
  19. Rijal, F., Madani, N., dan Fatmawati. 2013. Interaksi Aktor dalam Perumusan Kebijakan Pengelolaan Pertambangan di Kabupaten Kolaka Utara. Otoritas, Vol. III No. 2. Hal 14–26
  20. Sadat, A., Basir, M. A., dan Nazar, A. 2018. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Nelayan dalam Penglolaan Sumber Daya Alam Laut Terhadap Peningkatan Ekonomi yang Berkelanjutan di Desa Kakenauwe dan Desa Wagari Kecamatan Lasalimu. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Membangun Negeri, Vol. 2 No. 1. Hal 1–19
  21. Yeninda, & Elni Sumiarti. 2016. Dampak Program Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Nelayan Terhadap Peningkatan Pendapatan di Kabupaten Pasaman Barat. Menara Ilmu, Vol. X No. 72. Hal 133–140

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.