Pengaruh Beban Hidrolik pada Biofilter Anaerobik untuk Mengolah Air Limbah Rumah Potong Ayam dengan Menggunakan Persamaan Eckenfelder

*Muhammad Al Kholif scopus  -  Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, Indonesia
Sugito Sugito  -  Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, Indonesia
Received: 12 Jun 2020; Published: 30 Nov 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.18.3.446-454 View
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Abstract

Industri Rumah Potong Ayam (RPA) bergerak dalam fungsi pemotongan ayam hidup dan mengolah menjadi karkas yang siap konsumsi. Industri RPA menghasilkan limbah baik dalam proses itu sendiri serta dalam mencuci peralatan dan fasilitas, hal ini ditandai dengan tingginya konsentrasi zat organik dan padatan tersuspensi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji pengaruh beban hidrolik pada biofilter anaerobik dengan menggunakan persamaan Eckenfelder berdasarkan variasi konsentrasi air limbah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksperimen yang dilakukan dalam skala laboratorium. Variasi beban hidrolik yang digunakan yaitu 0,0015 m3/m2.hari, 0,0022 m3/m2.hari, dan 0,0035 m3/m2.hari. Media yang digunakan sebagai tempat tumbuh dan berkembangbiaknya mikroorganisme adalah media bio ball dan media koral. Penerapan teknologi pengolahan air limbah dengan sistem anaerobik meiliki keunggulan tersendiri bila dibandingkan dengan pengolahan air limbah secara aerobik. Penggunaan nilai konstanta 0,5 diperoleh nilai tertinggi sebesar 1,90 yang terjadi pada reaktor 3 (R3) pada media bio ball dan 0,99 pada media koral. Hal ini menunjukan bahwa penerapan persamaan Eckenfelder pada sistem anaerobik lebih baik dari sistem aerobik. Biofilter anaerobik memberikan efisiensi yang sama pada beban hidrolik yang rendah yaitu sebesar 0,0015 m3/m2.hari. Rata-rata efisiensi penyisihan beban pencemaran BOD5 dan COD mencapai 96 % pada reaktor 1 (R1).

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Keywords: Air Limbah RPA, Beban Hidrolik, Biofilter Anaerobik, Persamaan Eckenfelder

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