skip to main content

Local Ecological Knowledge on Food Materials of Land Plant Origin in Kabola Ethnic Communities in Alor District, East Nusa Tengara Province

Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

Received: 3 Nov 2020; Published: 28 Apr 2021.
Editor(s): Sudarno Utomo

Citation Format:
Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) regarding local food plants is knowledge that is owned by local communities and is passed down from generation to generation. LED is obtained through a long process of adaptation and is used by local communities to address environmental problems. The Kabola ethnic group also has LEK regarding food plants used to solve food problems on dry land, but the LEK owned by the Kabola ethnic community is in danger of being lost. The method used is a mixed method (Mixed Methodology), which combines qualitative methods and quantitative methods, data collection begins with an exploration using a qualitative case study method by means of in-depth interviews followed by a quantitative survey method of the plant species mentioned during the interview. The results showed that the Kabola ethnic group still collects wild food plants from forests, former gardens and riverbanks, even though they have cultivated various types of food crops; The Kabola ethnic group community collects food plants during the rainy season and dry season, but most food gathering activities are carried out at the end of the rainy season and during the dry season; The people of the Kabola ethnic group collect food by using simple tools while leaving certain parts of the plant from which the food is collected; The people of the Kabola ethnic group still pass on local knowledge about foodstuffs to the younger generation through stories, personal experiences and providing examples or direct practices about plants that can be used to meet food needs; The Kabola ethnic group cultivates local food plants, but these cultivation efforts are only carried out individually and have not received support from the local government.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Local Ecological Knowledge (PEL), Ethnic Kabola, Alor District, Food plants, Local food

Article Metrics:

  1. Akinnifesi, Festus Kehinde, Gudeta W. Sileshi, Oluyede C. Ajayi, Adetutu I. Akinnifesi, Emanoel G. de Moura, Jairo F. P. Linhares, and Ivanilde Rodrigues. 2010. Biodiversity of the Urban Homegardens of São Luís City, Northeastern Brazil. Urban Ecosystems Vol. 13 No. 1. Pages 129–46
  2. Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino. 2017. Ethnobotany for Beginners. New York, NY: Springer Science Business Media
  3. Allen, P. 2010. Realizing Justice in Local Food Systems. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society Vol. 3 No. 2. Pages 295–308
  4. Anwar, Risvan, Ikhsan Hasibuan, dan Pusriani Hayati. 2011. Uji Allelopati Potensial Terhadap Perkecambahan Gulma Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Beauv. Jurnal Agroqua Vol. 9 No. 2. Hal. 6
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Alor. 2018. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Alor (Kecamatan Kabola Dalam Angka)
  6. Barkatullah, Abdul Halim, dan Dadang Abdullah. 2016. Tanggung Jawab Pemerintah Dalam Menjaga Kualitas Lingkungan Di Wilayah Penambangan Intan Tradisional Cempaka. Al’Adl Vol. VIII No. 3. Hal. 22
  7. Berkes, Fikret, Johan Colding, and Carl Folke. 2000. Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. Ecological Applications Is Currently Published by Ecological Society of America. Vol. 10 No. 5. Pages 13
  8. Berkes, Fikret, and C. folke. 1994. Linking Social and Ecological Systems for Resilience and Sustainability. Kfuwer AcademiC Publishers, Vol. 23
  9. Berkes, Fikret, Carl Folke, and Madhav Gadgil. 1995. Tradisional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience And Sustainability. Kfuwer AcademiC Publishers, Vol. 2
  10. Bringezu, Stefan. 2002. Towards Sustainable Resource Management in the European Union. 121. Wuppertal Papers
  11. Charnley, Susan, A. Paige Fischer, and Eric T. Jones. 2007. Integrating Traditional and Local Ecological Knowledge into Forest Biodiversity Conservation in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management Vol. 246 No. 1. Pages 14–28
  12. Cheema, Zahid A., Muhammad Farooq, and Abdul Wahid, eds. 2013. Allelopathy, Current Trends and Future Apllications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  13. Clift, Roland. 2003. Metrics for Supply Chain Sustainability.” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy Vol. 5 No. 3–4. Pages 240–47
  14. Creswell. 2014. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, London. New Delhi: Sage Publications
  15. Creswell, John W. 2007. An Introduction to Mixed Methods Research. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Vol. 43
  16. Dickinson, J. C. 1972. Alternatives to Monoculture In The Humid Tropics Of Latin America. The Professional Geographer Vol. 24 No. 3. Pages 217–22
  17. Eaton, Emily. 2008. From Feeding the Locals to Selling the Locale: Adapting Local Sustainable Food Projects in Niagara to Neocommunitarianism and Neoliberalism. Geoforum Vol. 39 No. 2. Pages 994–1006
  18. Elfitri, E. Kurnia, M Pawit Yusup, and Wina Erwina. 2017. Komunikasi Budaya Masyarakat Pandai Sikekdalam Melakukan Transformasi Pengetahuan Lokal. Jurnal Kajian Informas i& Perpustakaan Vol. 5 No. 2. Hal. 141–54
  19. Fadhilah, A. 2013. Kearifan Lokal dalam Membentuk Daya Pangan Lokal Komunitas Molamahu Pulubala Gorontalo. Al-Turāṡ Vol. XIX No. 1. Hal. 16
  20. Fauzi, Akhmad. 2004. Ekonomi Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan: Teori dan Aplikasi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  21. Fauzi, Rahma Widyastuti, Heru Sudrajad, Fredolina Mau, dan M. Mefi Talan. 2017. Eksplorasi Pengetahuan Lokal Etnomedisin dan Tumbuhan Obat Berbasis Komunitas di Indonesia Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Lembaga Penerbitan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI
  22. Francesconi, Wendy, B Vincent, B. C Genowefa, W Simon, C Sandra, V Martha, Q Marcela, and A. Torres-Vitolas Carlos. 2018. Hunters and Hunting across Indigenous and Colonist Communities at the Forest-Agriculture Interface: An Ethnozoological Study from the Peruvian Amazon. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Vol. 14 No. 1. Page 54
  23. Frankenberger, Tim, Mark Langworthy, Tom Spangler, and Suzanne Nelson. 2012. Enhancing Resilience to Food Security Shocks. Tango International, Inc., Vol. 59
  24. Hapsari, Windy. 2013. Tambelo (Bactronophorus Thoracites) Jurnal Papua Vol. V No. 2. Page 11
  25. Harris, T. A. Wise, K. P. Gallagher, and N. R. Goodwin,. 2001. A Survey of Sustainable Development: Social and Economic Dimensions. Environmental Practice, Vol. 3 No. 4. Pages 263–64
  26. Inglis, Julian, International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge, International Development Research Centre (Canada), and International Association for the Study of Common Property, eds. 1993. Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Concepts and Cases. Ottawa, Ont., Canada: International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge : International Development Research Centre
  27. Irawan, Bambang, and Nana Sutrisna. 2011. Prospect of Sorghum Development in West Java to Support Food Diversification. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Vol. 29 No. 2. Pages 99–113
  28. Jaya, Askar. 2004. Sustainable Development. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Vol. 11
  29. Kusumo, K. R. Andriani, Elly Rasmikayati, dan Gema Wibawa Mukti. 2018. Perilaku Petani Dalam Usahatani Mangga Di Kabupaten Cirebon. Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis Vol. 4 No. 2. Hal. 197
  30. Littig, Beate, and Erich Grießler. 2005. Social Sustainability. A Catchword between Political Pragmatism and Social Theory. International Journal for Sustainable Development, Vol. 8 No. ½. Pages 65–79
  31. Lulekal, Ermias, Zemede Asfaw, Ensermu Kelbessa, and Patrick Van Damme. 2011. Wild Edible Plants in Ethiopia: A Review on Their Potential to Combat Food Insecurity. Afrika Focus Vol. 24 No. 2
  32. Luthfi, Ahmad Nashih, and Surya Saluang. 2015. Masa Depan Anak Muda Pertanian Di Tengah Liberalisasi Pertanahan. Bhumi: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol. 1 No. 1
  33. Martianto, Drajat, Dodik Briawan, Mewa Ariani, and Nita Yulianis. 2009a. Percepatan Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan Berbasis Pangan Lokal : Perspektif Pejabat Daerah Dan Strategi Pencapaiannya. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 3. Hal. 123
  34. Martianto, Drajat, Dodik Briawan, Mewa Ariani, and Nita Yulianis. 2009b. Percepatan Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan Berbasis Pangan Lokal: Perspektif Pejabat Daerah Dan Strategi Pencapaiannya. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 3. Hal. 123
  35. McKenzie, Stephen. 2004. Social Sustainability: Towards Some Definitions. Hawke Research Institute University of South Australia Magill, South Australia Vol. 1 No. 27. Page 31
  36. Mengistu, Fentahun, and Herbert Hager. 2009. Wild Edible Fruit Species Cultural Domain, Informant Species Competence and Preference in Three Districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications Vol. 6. Page 487
  37. Menzies, Charles R., ed. 2006. Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Natural Resource Management. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press
  38. Mishra, Ashok, Hisham El-Osta, and Jeffrey M. Gillespie. 2009. Effect of Agricultural Policy on Regional Income Inequality among Farm Households.” Journal of Policy Modeling Vol. 31 No. 3. Pages 325–40
  39. Muscalu, Emanoil, Mihai Neag, and E. Elisabeta Halmaghi. 2016. The Ecological Dimension Of Sustainable Development. Scientific Research And Education In The Air Force-Afases. Pages 1–6
  40. Nunes, M. Guerra Natan, N Ernane, Arévalo-Marín Edna, A. B. Alves Carlos, T. do Nascimento Viviany, D. da Cruz Denise, et al. 2018. Local Botanical Knowledge of Native Food Plants in the Semiarid Region of Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Vol. 14 No. 1. Pages 49
  41. Peraturan Mentri Pertanian Nomor : 47/Permentan/OT.140/10/2006. 2006. Tentang Pedoman Umum Budidaya Pertanian Pada Lahan Pegunungan
  42. Perda Kab Alor Nomor 15 Tahun. 2005. Peraturan Daeraha Kabupaten Alor Nomor: 15 Tahun 2005 Tentang Pembentukan Kecamatan di Kabupaten Alor.” Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Alor
  43. Pieroni, Andrea, Sabine Nebel, Rocco Franco Santoro, and Michael Heinrich. 2005. Food for Two Seasons: Culinary Uses of Non-Cultivated Local Vegetables and Mushrooms in a South Italian Village. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition Vol. 56 No. 4. Pages 245–72
  44. Prasetyaningtyas, Dewi, and Triska Susila Nindya. 2018. Hubungan Antara Ketersediaan Pangan dengan Keragaman Pangan Rumah Tangga Buruh Tani. Media Gizi Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 2. Hal. 149
  45. Purwaningsih, Yunastiti. 2008. Ketahanan Pangan: Situasi, Permasalahan, Kebijakan, Dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol. 9 No. 1. Hal. 1
  46. Reijntjes, Coen, Bertus Haverkort, and Ann Waters-Bayer. 1999. Pertanian Masa Depan: Pengantar untuk Pertanian Berkelanjutan dengan Input Luar Rendah. Kanisius
  47. Rivai, Rudy Sunarja, and Iwan Setiajie Anugrah. 2016. Konsep dan Implementasi Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan di Indonesia. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol. 29 No. 1. Hal. 13
  48. Sekretariat/Sie Pem Kecamatan Kabola dalam laporan camat KabolA. 2018. Laporan Camat Kabola Pada Rapat Koordinasi Pamong Praja Tingkat Kabupaten Alor
  49. Sikdar, Subhas K. 2003. Sustainable Development and Sustainability Metrics. Aiche Journal Vol. 49 No. 8. Pages 1928–32
  50. Silva, J. D. Rodrigo, E. P. E. Maria Garavello, B. Gabriela Nardoto, A. Edmar Mazzi, and Luis Martinelli. 2016. Case Study Factors Influencing the Food Transition in Riverine Communities in the Brazilian Amazon. Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016, March. Pages 1–16
  51. Suarna, I Wayan. 2018. Bali Dalam Tarikan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Jurnal Bappeda Litbang Vol. 1 No. 3. Hal. 1–8
  52. Subardja, Djadja, Sofyan Ritung, Markus, and Rudy Subandiono. 2014. Petunjuk-Teknis-Klasifikasi-Tanah-Nasional.-2014.Pdf. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian Badan Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Edisi-1
  53. Sudrajat, A. S. Edy. 2018. Pilar Pembangunan Berkelanjutan : Kajian Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Dan Lingkungan Kampung Batik Rejomulyo Semarang Timur. Riptek Vol. 12 No. 1. Hal. 6
  54. Suharjo. 2019. Sistem Pertanian Berkelanjutan: Model Pengelolaan Tanaman. Media Sahabat Cendekia
  55. Susanti, Elly, T Fauzi, and Taufiqurrahman. 2015. Analisis Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani Di Desa Ulee Lhat Kecamatan Montasik Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jurnal Bisnis Tani Vol. 1 No. 1. Hal. 11–23
  56. Susilowati, Sri Hery. 2016. Fenomena Penuaan Petani dan Berkurangnya Tenaga Kerja Muda serta Implikasinya bagi Kebijakan Pembangunan Pertanian. Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol. 34 No. 1. Hal. 35
  57. Sutanto, Rachman. 2002. Pertanian organik: menuju pertanian alternatif dan berkelanjutan. Kanisius
  58. Swaminathan, Divya Rajeswari. 2016. Agricultural Transformation and Indigenous Communities : A Case Study of the Soliga Communities in the Montane Forests, Southern India, Vol. 99
  59. Teklehaymano, Tilahun, and Mirutse Giday. 2010. Ethnobotanical Study of Wild Edible Plants of Kara and Kwego Semi-Pastoralist People in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Vol. 6 No. 23. Pages 1–8
  60. Tilman, David, Kenneth G. Cassman, Pamela A. Matson, Rosamond Naylor, and Stephen Polasky. 2002. Agricultural Sustainability and Intensive Production Practices. Nature Vol. 418 No. 6898. Pages 671–77
  61. Toledo, Álvaro, and Barbara Burlingame. 2006. Biodiversity and Nutrition: A Common Path toward Global Food Security and Sustainable Development. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis Vol. 19. Pages 477–83
  62. Torre-Cuadro, L.L.D.M, and A.G Islabe. 2003. Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Use of Vegetation in Southeastern Mexico: A Case Study from Solferino, Quintana Roo. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Vol. 2 No. 22
  63. Vasylieva, Lyulyov, Bilan, and Streimikiene. 2019. Sustainable Economic Development and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Dynamic Impact of Renewable Energy Consumption, GDP, and Corruption. Energies Vol. 12 No. 17. Page 3289
  64. Veerabhadraiah, V. 2012. Emerging Agricultural Extension Models.” Indian Research Journal of Extension Education Special Issue Vol. I No. 4
  65. Widiastuti, Nur, and Mohd Harisudin. 2013. Saluran Dan Marijin Pemasaran Jagung Di Kabupaten Grobokan. SEPA Vol. 9 No. 2. Page 10
  66. Williams, C.G. 1996. Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton Science Library. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press
  67. Yudiarini, Nyoman. 2017. Perubaha Pertanian Subsisten Tradisional Ke Pertanian Komersial. dwijenAGRO Vol. 2 No. 1. Hal. 8
  68. Zuraida, Nani, and Yati Supriati. 2001. Usahatani Ubi Jalar Sebagai Bahan Pangan Alternatif Dan Diversifikasi Sumber Karbohidrat. Buletin AgroBio Vol. 4 No. 1. Hal. 13–23

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-06-21 08:17:45

No citation recorded.