skip to main content

Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Alternatif dalam Pengelolaan Tambang Batubara sebagai Sumber Energi yang Ramah terhadap Lingkungan

IPB University, Indonesia

Received: 18 Feb 2021; Published: 28 Apr 2021.
Editor(s): Sudarno Utomo

Citation Format:
Penggunaan alternative di masa masa seperti sekarang ini sangat diperlukan. Hal yang paling signfikan adalah penggunaan bahan bakar untuk pengolahan bahan mineral seperti batubara, nikel, tembaga dan lain sebagainya. Dengan penggunaan bahan bakar alternative akan memberikan solusi apabila dibandingkan dengan penggunaan bahan bakar fosil seperti minyak bumi yang sebentar lagi akan mulai habis. Batubara berkontribusi terhadap hujan asam dan kabut asap, terutama ketika dibakar tanpa scrubber. Studi LCA lengkap yang berisi analisis dampak (endpoint impact category) berdasarkan beberapa kategori kesehatan manusia (human health), ekosistem (ecosystem), dan sumber daya air (water resources). Analisis siklus hidup ini dilakukan untuk jenis logam di industri pertambangan. Analisis siklus hidup digunakan untuk menganalisis dampaknya terhadap kesehatan manusia dan pemanasan global. Akan dibutuhkan pengolahan dan penggunaan bahan bakar alternative tersebut sebagai sumber energi. Di dalam penelitian pengolahan data akan sangat dibutuhkan apabila pada saat melihat pengaruh dari penggunaan bahan bakar alternative terhadap kondisi lingkungan yang ada di sekitarnya. Dampak penggunaan listrik yang dikonsumsi untuk proses penambangan akan memberikan pengaruh terhadap meningkatnya efek pada pemanasan global. Fuzzy logic yang akan dikombinasikan dengan penggunaan metode LCA di dalam penelitian ini untuk membantu proses di dalam hal mengumpulkan data menggunakan kuesioner yang dipandu selama fase tujuan dan ruang lingkup (goal and scope) dan analisis persediaan. Selanjutnya metode open LCA untuk melihat hasil yang diperoleh dari data sekunder pada database yang diperoleh sebagai data sekunder. Dari hasil penelitian memberikan nilai 2,5 untuk proses land clearing dan top soil hauling dan nilai 2 untuk over burden stripping nilai 2 over burden disposal, nilai 2 untuk coal hauling dan hasil output memberikan nilai 0,529 untuk global warming potential.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Biodiesel, Alternatif, Pemanasan Global, Konsumsi Energi, Lingkungan
Funding: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics

Article Metrics:

  1. Agin, F., Khosravanian, R., Karimifard, M., and Jahanshahi, A. 2019. Application of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System and Data Mining Approach to Predict Lost Circulation Using DOE Technique (Case Study : Maroon Oilfield ). Petroleum. Pages 1–15
  2. Dai, H., Yang, H., and Yin, J. 2017. Roles of Energy Conservation and Climate Feedback in Bjerknes Compensation: A Coupled Modeling Study. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 49. Pages 1513
  3. Dai, S., Hower, J. C., Finkelman, R. B., Graham, I. T., French, D., Ward, C. R., Eskenazy, G., Wei, Q., and Zhao, L. 2020. Organic Associations of Non-Mineral Elements in Coal: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 218. Pages 103347
  4. Das, B., Ch, S., and Chakrabarty, R. P. 2014. Fuzzy Rule-Based Decision Making to Minimize Wear Rate of Dumper Tires. MSPRO, Vol. 6. Pages 752–761
  5. Dubois, D., and Prade, H. 1997. Fuzzy Criteria and Fuzzy Rules in Subjective Evaluation :A General Discussion. Proceedings of 5th European Congress on Intelligent Technologies and Soft Computing. Pages 975–978
  6. Farjana, S. H., Huda, N., and Mahmud, M. A. P. 2019. Life cycle Assessment of Cobalt Extraction Process. Journal of Sustainable Mining, Vol. 18 No. 3. Pages 150–161
  7. Favi, C., Germani, M., Mandolini, M., and Marconi, M. 2016. PlantLCA: A Lifecycle Approach to Map and Characterize Resource Consumptions and Environmental Impacts of Manufacturing Plants. Procedia CIRP, Vol. 48. Pages 146–151
  8. Gan, Y., and Gri, W. M. 2018. Analysis of Life-Cycle GHG Emissions for Iron Ore Mining and Processing in China — Uncertainty and Trends. Vol. 58. Pages 90–96
  9. Gasparotto, J., and Martinello, K. D. B. 2020. Coal as an Energy Source and Its Impacts on Human Health. Energy Geoscience, Vol. xxxx
  10. Ghadimi, P., Wang, C., Azadnia, A. H., Lim, M. K., and Sutherland, J. W. 2019. Life Cycle-based Environmental Performance Indicator for the Coal-to-Energy Supply Chain: A Chinese Case Application. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 147. Pages 28–38
  11. González, B., Adenso-Díaz, B., and González-Torre, P. L. 2002. A Fuzzy Logic Approach for the Impact Assessment in LCA. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 37 No. 1. Pages 61–79
  12. Guo, Y., Glad, T., Zhong, Z., He, R., Tian, J., and Chen, L. 2018. Resources , Conservation & Recycling Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Stocks in Chinese industrial Parks. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, Vol. 139. Pages 387–395
  13. Jin, J., Wan, X., Lin, Y., Kuang, F., and Ning, J. 2019. Public Willingness to Pay for the Research and Development of Solar Energy in Beijing, China. Energy Policy, Vol. 134. Pages 110962
  14. Jin, X., Li, X., Feng, Z., Wu, J., and Wu, K. 2020. Linking Ecological Efficiency and the Economic Agglomeration of China based on the Ecological Footprint and Nighttime Light Data. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 111. Pages 106035
  15. Jonek-Kowalska, I., and Nawrocki, T. L. 2019. Holistic Fuzzy Evaluation of Operational Risk in Polish Mining Enterprises in a Long-Term and Sectoral Research Perspective. Resources Policy, Vol. 63. Pages 101464
  16. Kung, C. C., McCarl, B., Cao, X., and Xie, H. 2013. Bioenergy Prospects in Taiwan Using Set-Aside Land-An Economic Evaluation. China Agricultural Economic Review, Vol. 5 No. 4. Pages 489–511
  17. Mahmud, M. A. P., Huda, N., Farjana, S. H., and Lang, C. 2018. Environmental Impacts of Solar-Photovoltaic and Solar-Thermal Systems with Life-Cycle Assessment. Energies, Vol. 11 No. 9
  18. Pourjavad, E., and Mayorga, R. V. 2019. A Comparative Study and Measuring Performance of Manufacturing Systems with Mamdani Fuzzy Inference System. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Vol. 30 No. 3. Pages 1085–1097
  19. Stettler, C. 2016. Global Impacts and Local Limits of Ecosystems - Combining Fuzzy Logic with Global Impacts and Local Limits of Ecosystems - Combining Fuzzy Logic with LCA Event Introduction Hydro Power : Global versus local / regional impacts Fuzzy Set Theory ( FST ) Mode. October
  20. Talikka, M. 2020. Geometallurgy : A Key to Optimizing the Mining Value Chain Key Take Aways
  21. Tayyab, M., Noman, A., Islam, W., Waheed, S., Arafat, Y., Ali, F., Zaynab, M., Lin, S., Zhang, H., and Lin, W. 2018. Bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass by Environment-Friendly Pretreatment Methods: A Review. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, Vol. 16 No. 1. Pages 225–249
  22. Tsiakmakis, S., Fontaras, G., Anagnostopoulos, K., Ciuffo, B., and Marotta, A. 2017. A Simulation based Approach for Quantifying CO2 Emissions of light Duty Vehicle Fleets. A case study on WLTP introduction. Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 25. Pages 3898–3908

Last update:

  1. Cost assessment of biomass coal fuel on air pollution and coal consumption reduction

    D Marganingrum, M N Khalifah, P Nursetyowati. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 986 (1), 2022. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/986/1/012001
  2. Potensi Reduksi Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca dan Kelayakan Finansial dari Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro Cisalimar, Jawa Barat

    Siti Allifah, Pini Wijayanti. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 20 (4), 2022. doi: 10.14710/jil.20.4.900-911

Last update: 2024-05-17 08:53:52

No citation recorded.