skip to main content

Finding Common Ground in Collaborative Environmental Management: A Case Study in Cijedil Forest Landscape, Cianjur

1Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia

2Center for Environment and Sustainability Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

3Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

View all affiliations
Received: 17 May 2021; Revised: 29 Jun 2021; Accepted: 4 Jul 2021; Available online: 10 Jul 2021; Published: 1 Aug 2021.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto

Citation Format:
Abstract

Forest landscape in Cijedil Village, Cianjur hosts numerous endemic wildlife to conserve. On the other hand, the needs of local people from forest utilization could not be also neglected. Hence, the environmental management issues in the forest landscape of Cijedil are not only attributed to the biodiversity and ecological protection but also social and economic empowerment that engages various stakeholders. To get a mutual understanding among the stakeholders within collaborative management, building dialogue, reaching consensus, and comprehending its process is necessary. Nevertheless, few studies, particularly in Indonesia, have thoroughly performed related to this topic. The objective of this study is to fill this gap by describing the consensus building in the collaborative process framework and its affecting factors for reaching an agreement in collaborative management in the forest landscape of Cijedil. We performed a qualitative study by using action-based research and a case-study approach. Semi-structured and in-depth interviews were undertaken with 18 key informants selected by the snowball sampling representing six stakeholders involved: KPH Cianjur, SPH II Cianjur, BLHD Cianjur, officials of Cijedil Village, LMDH Cijedil, and the local community of Cijedil. The findings show that this consensus building has adapted the collaborative framework indicated by problem- and direction-setting activities in the first two stages of the collaborative process. It also suggests that the main influencing of parties-related factors are human resource capacity, level of understanding, and commitment, whereas process-related barriers are time uncertainty and incentives offered. These factors are indicated not completely discrete but rather affecting each other. To conclude, while the consensus for broadly collaborative environmental management is still needed to promote, the driven inhibiting factors remain. It is, therefore, crucial to address and deal with those main challenging elements.

 

Abstrak

Lanskap hutan di Desa Cijedil, Cianjur mempunyai banyak satwa endemik yang penting untuk dilestarikan. Namun di sisi lain, kebutuhan masyarakat lokal dari pemanfaatan hutan juga tidak bisa diabaikan. Oleh karena itu, masalah pengelolaan lingkungan di lanskap hutan Cijedil tidak hanya terkait dengan perlindungan keanekaragaman hayati tetapi juga pemberdayaan sosial dan ekonomi yang melibatkan berbagai pemangku kepentingan. Untuk mendapatkan pemahaman bersama di antara para pemangku kepentingan dalam pengelolaan kolaboratif, perlu membangun dialog, mencapai konsensus, dan memahami prosesnya. Namun demikian, baru sedikit penelitian, khususnya di Indonesia, yang telah dilakukan terkait topik ini. Tujuan dari studi ini adalah untuk mengisi kesenjangan ini dengan menggambarkan pembangunan konsensus dalam kerangka proses kolaboratif dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya untuk mencapai konsensus dalam pengelolaan kolaboratif di lanskap hutan Cijedil. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif berbasis aksi dan pendekatan studi kasus. Wawancara semi terstruktur dan mendalam dilakukan dengan teknik snowball terhadap informan kunci yang mewakili enam pemangku kepentingan yang terlibat: KPH Cianjur, SPH II Cianjur, BLHD Cianjur, aparat Desa Cijedil, LMDH Cijedil, dan masyarakat Cijedil. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa pembangunan konsensus ini telah mengadaptasi kerangka kerja kolaboratif yang ditunjukkan oleh aktivitas penetapan masalah dan arah dalam dua tahap pertama proses kolaboratif. Temuan juga menunjukkan bahwa faktor utama yang mempengaruhi terkait pihak adalah kapasitas sumber daya manusia, tingkat pemahaman, dan komitmen, sedangkan hambatan terkait proses adalah ketidakpastian waktu dan insentif yang ditawarkan. Faktor-faktor ini tidak sepenuhnya terpisah melainkan saling mempengaruhi. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa walaupun konsensus untuk pengelolaan lingkungan kolaboratif secara luas masih diperlukan, faktor-faktor penghambatnya masih tetap ada. Oleh karena itu, penting untuk mengatasi tantangan utama tersebut.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Consensus building; Stakeholders; Collaborative process; Environmental management; Forest landscape

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Research Article
Language : EN
  1. Agranoff, R. (2016). The other side of managing in networks. In R. D. Margerum & C. J. Robinson (Eds.), The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance (pp. 81–107). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
  2. Akamani, K., Wilson, P. I., & Hall, T. E. (2015). Barriers to collaborative forest management and implications for building the resilience of forest-dependent communities in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Journal of Environmental Management, 151, 11–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.006
  3. Balest, J., Hrib, M., Dobšinská, Z., & Paletto, A. (2016). Analysis of the effective stakeholders’ involvement in the development of National Forest Programmes in Europe. The International Forestry Review, 18(1), 13–28. 10.1505/146554816818206122
  4. Butler, W. H., Monroe, A., & McCaffrey, S. (2015). Collaborative Implementation for Ecological Restoration on US Public Lands: Implications for Legal Context, Accountability, and Adaptive Management. Environmental Management, 55(3), 564–577
  5. Coglianese, C. (1999). The Limits of Consensus The Limits of Consensus. Environmental Protection, 02138(April), 28–33
  6. Colvin, R. M., Witt, G. B., & Lacey, J. (2016). Approaches to identifying stakeholders in environmental management: Insights from practitioners to go beyond the “usual suspects.” Land Use Policy, 52, 266–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.12.032
  7. Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2017). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications
  8. Djamhuri, T. L. (2008). Community participation in a social forestry program in Central Java, Indonesia: The effect of incentive structure and social capital. Agroforestry Systems, 74(1), 83–96
  9. Fisher, L. A., Kim, Y. S., Latifah, S., & Makarom, M. (2017). Managing forest conflicts: Perspectives of Indonesia’s forest management unit directors. Forest and Society, 1(1), 8–26. https://doi.org/10.24259/fs.v1i1.772
  10. Fujiwara, T., Septiana, R. M., Awang, S. A., Widayanti, W. T., Bariatul, H., Hyakumura, K., & Sato, N. (2012). Changes in local social economy and forest management through the introduction of collaborative forest management (PHBM), and the challenges it poses on equitable partnership: A case study of KPH Pemalang, Central Java, Indonesia. Tropics, 20(4), 115–134
  11. Gray, B. (1989). Collaborating: Finding Common Ground for Multiparty Problems. San Francisco: Jossey Bass
  12. Gray, B., & Purdy, J. (2018). Collaborating for Our Future: Multistakeholder Partnerships for Solving Complex Problems. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  13. Gunawan, B., Takeuchi, K., Tsunekawa, A., & Abdoellah, O. S. (2004). Community dependency on forest resources in West Java, Indonesia: The need to re-involve local people in forest management. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 18(4), 29–46
  14. Hossu, C. A., Ioja, I. C., Susskind, L. E., Badiu, D. L., & Hersperger, A. M. (2018). Factors driving collaboration in natural resource conflict management: Evidence from Romania. Ambio, 47(7), 816–830
  15. Innes, J. E. (2004). Consensus building: Clarifications for the critics. Planning Theory, 3(1), 5–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473095204042315
  16. Lee, Y., Rianti, I. P., & Park, M. S. (2017). Measuring social capital in Indonesian community forest management. Forest Science and Technology, 13(3), 133–141. https://doi.org/10.1080/21580103.2017.1355335
  17. Lestari, S., Kotani, K., & Kakinaka, M. (2015). Enhancing voluntary participation in community collaborative forest management: A case of Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management, 150, 299–309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.10.009
  18. Lewins, R. (2001). Consensus building and natural resource management: a review. CEMARE Research Paper 157, 48
  19. Margerum, R. D. (2002). Collaborative planning: Building consensus and building a distinct model for practice. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21(3), 237–253. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X0202100302
  20. Margerum, R. D. (2008). A typology of collaboration efforts in environmental management. Environmental Management, 41(4), 487–500
  21. Margerum, R. D. (2016). Theoretical perspectives on the challenges of collaboration. In R. D. Margerum & C. J. Robinson (Eds.), The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance (pp. 27–53). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
  22. Margerum, R. D., & Robinson, C. J. (Eds.). (2016). The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
  23. Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2018). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications
  24. Mohammed, A. J., Inoue, M., & Shivakoti, G. (2017). Moving forward in collaborative forest management: Role of external actors for sustainable Forest socio-ecological systems. Forest Policy and Economics, 74, 13–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2016.10.010
  25. Muhamad, D., Okubo, S., Harashina, K., Parikesit, Gunawan, B., & Takeuchi, K. (2014). Living close to forests enhances people’s perception of ecosystem services in a forest-agricultural landscape of West Java, Indonesia. Ecosystem Services, 8, 197–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.04.003
  26. Muhamad, D., Okubo, S., Miyashita, T., Parikesit, & Takeuchi, K. (2013). Effects of habitat type, vegetation structure, and proximity to forests on bird species richness in a forest-agricultural landscape of West Java, Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 87(6), 1247–1260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-013-9633-x
  27. Parikesit, Takeuchi, K., Tsunekawa, A., & Abdoellah, O. S. (2005). Kebon tatangkalan: A disappearing agroforest in the Upper Citarum Watershed, West Java, Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 63(2), 171–182. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-004-1182-x
  28. Poitras, J., Bowen, R., & Wiggin, J. (2003). Challenges to the use of consensus building in integrated coastal management. Ocean and Coastal Management, 46(5), 391–405
  29. Reed, M. S. (2008). Stakeholder participation for environmental management: A literature review. Biological Conservation, 141(10), 2417–2431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.07.014
  30. Reed, M. S., Vella, S., Challies, E., de Vente, J., Frewer, L., Hohenwallner-Ries, D., Huber, T., Neumann, R. K., Oughton, E. A., Sidoli del Ceno, J., & van Delden, H. (2018). A theory of participation: what makes stakeholder and public engagement in environmental management work? Restoration Ecology, 26, S7–S17. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12541
  31. Scott, T. (2015). Does collaboration make any difference? Linking collaborative governance to environmental outcomes. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 34(3), 537–566
  32. Sukwika, T., Yusuf, D. N., & Suwandhi, I. (2020). The institutional of local community and stratification of land ownership in surrounding community forests in Bogor. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(1), 59–71. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.26.1.59
  33. Witasari, A. I. (2016). Trust building to coordinate collective action in reforestation program. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 22(3), 192–201
  34. Wondolleck, J. M., & Yaffe, S. L. (2000). Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resource Management. Washington DC: Island Press
  35. Wulandari, C., & Inoue, M. (2018). The Importance of Social Learning for the Development of Community Based Forest Management in Indonesia: The Case of Community Forestry in Lampung Province. Small-Scale Forestry, 17(3), 361–376
  36. Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.