REPRODUKSI WACANA METABO LAW DALAM PEMBENTUKAN STEREOTYPE FAT CHARACTER PADA ANIME JEPANG

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/izumi.7.1.11-21
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

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Article Info
Submitted: 09-03-2018
Published: 19-04-2018
Section: Articles
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(Title: The Reproduction Of Metabo Law Discourse In Constructing Fat Characters Stereotype In Japanese Animes) Japanese government through Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) in 2008 issued the Metabo Law regulation, which is the standard of medical and health guidance that is done specifically with the purpose to decrease the number of obesity which cause the metabolic syndrome. This regulation put the body of each individual to be open to the public. Using Foucault’s perception, this study look how Metabo Law works and how the reproduction of Metabo Law discourses constructing stereotype of fat character in Japanese anime. This study took data from 14 fat character in 13 anime, airing in 2008’s until 2015’s. To complete the data, interview were conducted on 5 Japanese about their understanding about Metabo Law. This study shows that with the normalization process using yearly general checkup and the reproduction of Metabo Law discourses, Japanese government successfully change the Japanese mindset and their behavior in maintained a healthy life style and to stay slim. The stereotype of the fat character that emerge as the product of reproduction of Metabo Law discourses is greedy, careless, cowardly, shy/ have low self-confident, and an otaku.  

Keywords

Metabo Law; stereotype; fat character; discourse; normalization process

  1. Santi Andayani  Scholar
    Program Studi Sastra Jepang, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  2. Ni Made Savitri Paramita 
    Program Studi Sastra Jepang, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
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