skip to main content

Hikikomori in Japanese Community Perspective

Udayana University, Indonesia

Citation Format:
This research is entitled “Hikikomori in Japanese Community Perspective”. Data was collected by distributing questionnaires to Kobe Women's University students. Through this research, several opinions from the Japanese community will be obtained regarding the understanding of Hikikomori. In this study, two concepts are used: the definition of Hikikomori and the definition of Anthropophobia. By the result, the definition of Hikikomori is as follows; someone who always shuts himself up in the house for a long time, , someone who is not connected with society, someone who is isolated because he doesn't have good relations with society, someone who doesn't work or attend school, and someone who depends on his parents for his life. The causes can be divided into two; internal and external. The causes from oneself (internal) include no desire to be involved with other people, unfamiliar with society, failure at work, feeling confused with the community environment, dissatisfaction with their personal life, lack of enthusiasm for life, not being good at communicating with others, has not found identity, rarely communicates with the outside world, does not fit in with people in society, stress, trauma, feel unprofitable or unfit for work or school, feels tired of social life, feels bored with social life, in his life, there are opportunities to self-isolate, embarrassed, feel like doing nothing, unstable physically and mentally, feel confused about public relations. Meanwhile, the causes from external parties include bullying, harassment, changes in community behaviour, and intimidation.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: hikikomori; Japanese society; Questionnaire.

Article Metrics:

  1. APA. 2000. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fourth Edition Text Revision, DSM-IV-TR. (DSM IV-TR). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association
  2. Arundhina, Tamalia. 2007. Hikikomori Dalam Novel NHK Ni Youkoso! Dan Kaitannya Dengan Kurangnya Peran Serta Orangtua. Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya: Universitas Indonesia
  3. Arikunto, S. 2006. Manajemen Penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta
  4. Darmayasa, I Nyoman. 2020. Fenomena Hikikomori dalam Anime NHK ni Youkoso Karya Tatsuhiko Takimoto. Fakultas Ilmu Budaya: Universitas Udayana
  5. Dziesinski, Michael J. 2003. Hikikomori Investigations into the phenomenon of acute social withdrawal in contemporary Japan. University of Hawaii, Manoa
  6. Fawwaz, Andrian Roffif. 2018. Proses Aktualisasi Diri Tokoh Tatsuhiro Satou Untuk Lepas Dari Kehidupan Hikikomori Dalam Anime NHK Ni Youkoso!. Universitas Diponegoro
  7. Furlong, A. 2008. The Japanese hikikomori phenomenon: Acute social withdrawal among young people. The Sociological View, 56(2)
  8. Janti, Ilma Sawindra. 2006. Gejala Hikikomori Pada Masyarakat Jepang Dewasa Ini. The Journal of Manabu No.2, Journal of Japanese Studies. Depok: Manabu Institute
  9. Katsumata, M. 2011. Hikikomori: A qualitative study on social withdrawal of Japanese adolescents. Thailand: Graduate School of Counseling Psychology: Assumption University of Thailand
  10. Kuswarno, Engkus.2009. Metodologi Penelitian Komunikasi Fenomenologi: Konsepsi, Pedoman dan Contoh Penelitian. Bandung : Widya Padjajaran
  11. Pradhana, Ngurah Indra. 2016. Hikikomori: Penyakit Sosial, Ataukah Gaya Hidup (?). Universitas Udayana: Udayana University Press
  12. Setyawan, Gancar. 2015. Hikikomori Sebagai Sebuah Permasalahan Gender Di Jepang. Fakultas Ilmu Budaya: Universitas Gadjah Mada
  13. Shirai, T. 2005. The difficulty and the Possibility of young people’s identity formation. In Shirai, T. Tokyo: Yumani Shobo
  14. Sugiyono. 2008. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta
  15. Tamaki, Saito. 1998. 「社会的引きこもり, 終わらない思春期 」"Hikikomori as a Social Phenomenon: Adolescence without End”. University of Minnesota Press

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-23 13:00:00

No citation recorded.