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Correlation between HbA1c level and monocyte percentage in obesity

*Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi  -  Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medical, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Meita Hendrianingtyas  -  Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medical, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 15 Nov 2019; Published: 6 Feb 2020.

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Background : HbA1c is one of the parameters that can be useful for diagnosing diabetes mellitus that can occur in obesity. Monocyte as an inflammatory cell is widely studied in relation to diabetes mellitus and obesity. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between HbA1c levels and monocyte percentage in obesity.

Methods : A Cross-sectional study of 30 medical students at a private laboratory in Semarang on March – April 2017 was done. The monocyte percentage included incomplete blood count was examined with the Sysmex XS-800i hematology analyzer, while HbA1c level was examined with Hemocue HbA1c 501 System. Spearman test was done for analyzing data with p <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Result and discussion : Median of HbA1c level was 5.8 ± 0.23%. Medians of leukocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, neutrophil percentage, and monocyte percentage were 8,600 ± 339,77 /μl, lymphocyte percentage 33% ± 1.19%, neutrophil percentage 56% ± 1.35%, and monocyte percentage of 9.0% ± 0.26%, respectively. Spearman test showed that correlation value (r) was 0.131 (p = 0.489).

Conclusion and suggestion : There was no correlation between HbA1c levels and monocyte percentage in obesity. The increased of monocyte percentage can be used as monitoring and evaluation parameters in obesity that can lead to diabetes mellitus. Further study can be done in an obese population with older age as well as other parameters related to obesity and diabetes mellitus.

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Keywords: HbA1c level; monocyte percentage; obesity

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Last update: 2021-06-14 23:18:10

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