skip to main content

Faktor Perilaku dan Gaya Hidup yang Mempengaruhi Status Prediabetes Pasien Puskesmas Pati II

*Ninik Trisnawati Sukenty  -  Magister Promosi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Zahroh Shaluhiyah scopus  -  Magister Promosi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Antono Suryoputro scopus  -  Magister Promosi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Background: Prediabetes status describes as the condition of blood glucose level above normal but insufficient to be diagnosed as diabetes. The stage of prediabetes is a critical condition of blood glucose level, but could reverse to be normal again if healthy lifestyle is routinely performed. In USA one of three people diagnosed with prediabetes. But most people did not realize that they had prediabetes history. The increasing number of prediabetes occurs due to the absence of typical symptoms. If prediabetes detected earlier, the rate of diabetes mellitus could be prevented. This study aims to examine some behaviors that affect the prediabetes status of patients in Pati II health center. 

Method: This is an explanatory research with cross sectional approach. Samples were rucruited using inclusion criteria such as aged 40–59 years, not diagnosed as diabetes, abdominal circumference more than 90 for men and 80 for women. There were 117 respondents involved in this study.   

Results: This research showed that the number of respondents with prediabetes status was 39.3%. Respondents with blood glucose level ranged more than 200 mg/dl were 6%. The variables that influence the prediabetes status of the respondents were Body Mass Index with OR 3.591 (p value 0.011), diet pattern with OR 2.435 (p value 0.044), and smoking habit or passive smoking with OR 2.493 (p value 0.046). This study recommends to prevent the prediabetes to be diabetes, needed the socialization of healthy lifestyle to the community and early detection of prediabetes. Early prevention includes changes to people healthy lifestyles such as maintaining healthy body weight, doing physical activity routinely, healthy eating patterns, avoiding cigarette smoke and smoking habits.

Keywords: prediabetes, BMI, diet, smoking

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: prediabetes; diet; BMI; smoking

Article Metrics:

  1. Ekowati, R. Hasil Penelitian PTM Di Depok. Badan Litbangkes Jakarta. 2002
  2. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2013). Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta. 2013
  3. Dinkes Kabupaten Pati. Profil Dinkes Kabupaten Pati. Pati: Dinkes Kabupaten Pati. 2016
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report: Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden In The United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2014
  5. Soewondo, Perdana dan Pramono, Laurentius. Prevalence, Characteristics, and Predictors of Prediabetes in Indonesia. Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia,
  6. Jakarta. Indonesia Journal of Med J 2011; Vol. 20, (4):283-294
  7. Ellyza, Nasrul & Sofitri. Hiperurisemia Pada Pradiabetes. 2012. Diakses dalam Jurnal Andalas ISSN: 2301-7406 vol 1 no 2 di akses di http:jurnal.fk.unand.ac.id tgl 15 Januari 2016
  8. Heikes, K.E et al. Diabetes Risk Calculator a Simple tool for Detecting undiagnosed Diabetes and Pre Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008. Volume 31, Number 5, May 2008 Capter 10401045
  9. Direktorat Pengendalian Penyakit Tidak Menular, Ditjen PP & PL. Petunjuk Teknis Pengukuran Faktor Resiko Diabetes Melitus. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Jakarta. 2008
  10. Nathan David M., MD, Davidson Mayer B., MD, DeFronzo Ralph A., MD. Impaired Fasting Glucose and Impaired Glucose Tolerance Implications for care. American Diabetes Association; Diabates Care: 2007
  11. Trisnawati, Shara & Setyorogo, Soedijono. Faktor Resiko Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Cengkareng II Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan. 2012 : 5(1)
  12. Aulia, Lina Ulfa. Hubungan Antara Kadar Gula Darah Puasa dan FaktorFaktor Risiko Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Rawat Inap di RSUD dr. Soebandi Jember. Program Studi Pendidikan Kedokteran. Universitas Jember. 2005
  13. Nezhad et al. Prevalence of Type 2 Type Diabetes Mellitus in Iran and Its Relationship with Gender, Urbanisation, Education, Marital Status, and Occupation. Singapore Med J. 2008
  14. Duke SA. Individual Patient Education for People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Unit, Australian Health Policy Institute, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.2009
  15. Abidah Nur, Veny Wilya, Raisuli Ramadhan. Kebiasaan Aktivitas Fisik Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Terhadap Kadar Gula Darah di Rumah Sakit Umum dr. Fauziah Bireuen Aceh. Loka Litbang Biomedis Aceh. 2014
  16. Kholila, Nadia. Hubungan Pengetahuan Terkait Diabetes, Aktivitas Fisik, Konsumsi Pangan Sumber Gula dengan Glukosa Darah pada Pekerja Garmen Wanita. Departemen Gizi Masyarakat Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor. 2015
  17. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Lampiran Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 75 Tahun 2013 Tentang Angka Kecukupan Gizi Yang
  18. Dianjurkan Bagi Bangsa Indonesia. Jakarta. 2013
  19. Fibriana, Dian. Hubungan Pola Makan Dengan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Penderita Deabetes Melitus. Thesis. FKM Universitas Diponegoro Semarang. 2005
  20. Indriyani, P; Supriyatno, H; Santoso, A. Pengaruh Latihan Fisik; Senam Aerobik Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah pada Penderita DM Tipe 2 di Wilayah Puskesmas Bukateja Purbalingga. Media Ners. 2007. 1: 4999
  21. WHO. Phsical Activity. In Guide Community Service. 2010
  22. Fajrinayanti, Ayubi Dian. Faktor Risiko Perilaku Pra-Diabetes di Kota Padang Panjang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional. Oktober 2008 : Vol. 3, No. 2
  23. Deutrich M, Block G, Norkus EP, Hudes M, Traber MG, Cross CE, Packer L. Smoking And Exposure To Environmental Tobacco Smoke Decrease Some Plasma Antioxidants And Increase Gamma-Tocopherol in Vivo After Adjustment For Dietary Antioxidant Intakes. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003
  24. Houston, Thomas K; Kiefe, Catarina I; Person, Sharina D; Pletcher Mark; Liu Kiang, and Iribarren, Carlos. Active and Passive Smoking and Development of Glucose Intolerance among Young Adults in A Prospective Cohort: Cardia Study. University of California San Fransisco. BMJ Journal. 2006 May 6
  25. Jeon, Young Ja. Prevalence of Diabetes and Prediabetes According to Fasting Plasma Glukose and Hba1c. Diabetes and Metabolism Journal. Korea. 2013 Oct; 37(5): 349–357

Last update:

  1. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sports Science and Health (ICSSH 2022)

    Karin Yolanda, Septa Katmawanti, Anindya Hapsari, Hartati Eko Wardani. 2022. doi: 10.2991/978-94-6463-072-5_11

Last update: 2024-05-21 08:32:59

No citation recorded.