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MgO-supported Ni-Sn Catalysts: Characterization and Catalytic Properties for Aqueous-phase Catalytic Reforming of Glycerol

1Research Center for Chemistry, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Serpong, Tangerang, Indonesia

2Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia

Received: 2 Jun 2021; Revised: 29 Jul 2021; Accepted: 26 Aug 2021; Published: 31 Aug 2021.
Open Access Copyright 2021 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

The aqueous phase reforming (APR) of glycerol into value-added products, including H2 and alkanes, is environmentally green. In this work, the conversion of glycerol into syngas was demonstrated using MgO-supported Ni-Sn catalysts. Ni species is known for its capability of converting glycerol, but the activity towards water gas shift (WGS) reaction has not been satisfied. Loading Ni-Sn onto MgO has increased the catalyst basicity, which promotes a positive effect in WGS reaction. A series of bimetallic catalysts, impregnated Ni-Sn on MgO support, was prepared with various Ni-Sn loading amounts. To better understand the behavior of prepared catalysts, they were evaluated physio-chemically through XRD, BET, and FTIR. The catalytic activity test was performed for APR in a continuous flow reactor with aqueous glycerol 10 v-% as a feedstock at a reaction temperature of 250°C. As a result, the maximum hydrogen selectivity was obtained at about 73 v-%.

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Keywords: Glycerol; aqueous-phase catalytic reforming; syngas; bi-metallic catalyst
Funding: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

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