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Synthesis of MCM-41 Silica Mesoporous Modified with Zn Metal

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

Received: 14 Jun 2022; Revised: 3 Aug 2022; Accepted: 9 Sep 2022; Published: 30 Sep 2022.
Open Access Copyright 2022 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract
MCM-41 and Zn-MCM-41 were successfully synthesized using hydrothermal and impregnation methods. The synthesized silica mesoporous was confirmed by characterizing the material using XRD, SEM-EDS, and BET-BJH analyses. XRD results showed three main peaks at angles of 2θ = 2.40° (100), 3.87° (200), and 4.49° (210), which are characteristics of mesoporous materials with hexagonal structures. SEM analysis showed that the surface morphology of Zn-modified MCM-41 formed aggregates of smaller particles. The EDS results showed that the amount of Zn in MCM-41 was 1.25%. Modification with Zn metal also affected the surface area and porosity of MCM-41, where the surface area, pore volume, and pore diameter decreased. Based on the adsorption-desorption analysis of N2 gas, both materials exhibit a type IV isotherm typical for mesoporous materials with an H1 hysteresis loop.
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Keywords: Synthesis; MCM-41; Silica Mesoporous; Modified; Impregnation; Zn metal
Funding: Universitas Hasanuddin

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