skip to main content

Investigating Students’ Attitude and Motivation in Learning English as a Second Language among Four Higher Institutions in Malaysia

*Zulida binti Abdul Kadir scopus  -  Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
Rosmahalil Azrol bin Abdullah  -  Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
Sarala @Thulasi Palpanadan  -  Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Siti Sara binti Zainal Abidin  -  Universiti Sains Malaysia
Siti Salmiah binti Muhammad  -  Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia
Abdullah Adnan bin Mohamed  -  Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education under

Citation Format:

The aim of this study is to examine the students’ motivation and attitude towards learning English as a second language from four Malaysian higher institutions. A random sampling of 471 respondents participated in this study. Using 28 items instrument, adapted from Gardner’s Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB), an online questionnaire was distributed in getting the data. Students’ motivational level is found to be high with (M=6.37, SD=0.77, M=6.10, SD=0.82). Additionally, the respondents are having positive attitudes in learning English (M=4.07, SD=0.48).  With the findings, it is a hope that this can be a guidance for instructors to design a suitable lesson and approach to be used in the class.



Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Gardner’s Attitude/Motivation Test Battery, Integrative motivation, Instrumental Motivation
Funding: UTHM

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Research Article
Language : EN
  1. References
  2. Adila, J. (2012). Students’ Motivation and Attitudes toward Learning English in an English Course in Bandung, Indonesia University of Education
  3. Al-Quyadi, (2000) Psycho-sociological variables in the learning of English in Yemen, Ph.D Thesis, Bhagalpur University
  4. Atef Al-Tamimi & Munir Shuib (2009). Motivation and attitudes towards learning English: A study of petroleum engineering undergraduates at Hadhramout University of Sciences and Technology. Gema Online Journal of Language Studies 9(2):29-55 • January 2009
  5. Brown, H. (2000). Principles of language learning and teaching. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
  6. Chiswick BR, Lee YL, Miller PW (2005) Immigrant earnings: A longitudinal analysis. Review of Income and Wealth 51[4]: 485–503
  7. Dornyei, Z. (2002). Motivational Strategies in the Language Classroom. Cambridge: University Press
  8. Ellis, R. (1985). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  9. Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  10. Gardner, R.C & Lambert, W.E. (1959). Motivational variables in second language acquisition. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 13, 191-197
  11. Gardner, R.C. & Lambert, W.E. (1972). Motivational variables in second language acquisition. In R.C. Gardner & W. Lambert (eds.) Attitudes and motivation in second language learning. (pp. 119-216). Rowley, MA: Newbury House
  12. Gardner, R.C. (1985). Social Psychology and Second Language Learning: The Role of Attitudes and Motivation. London: Edward Arnold Publishers
  13. Hall, G. (2011). Exploring English Language Teaching Language in Action. London: Routledge.Academic Management Office, 2018
  14. Jamila Mohd & Musaev Talaibek (2017). Faktor Motivasi Pelajar Universiti dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Jepun. Jurnal Bahasa dan Budaya Jepun. Jilid 7, p.81-90. (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS) Learning. Rowley, Mass: Newbury House Publishers, Inc
  15. Juliana Othman & Abu Bakar Nordin. (2013). MUET As A Predictor Of Academic Achievement In ESL Teacher Education. GEMA Online™ Journal of Language Studies, 13(1), 99-111
  16. Liang, H.Y. & Kelsen, B. (2018). Influence of Personality on Oral Presentation Performance. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. Vol. 47, Issue 4, 1 August 2018, Pages 755-776
  17. Lifrieri, Verónica (2005) A Sociological Perspective on Motivation to Learn EFL: The Case of Escuelas Plurilingües in Argentina. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh
  18. Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia (2019). Retrieved from on 24 August 2019
  19. McDonough, S. (1983). Psychology in foreign language teaching. George Allen & Unwin: London
  20. Muneera Muftah & Shameem Rafik-Galea (2013). Language Learning Motivation among Malaysian Pre-University Students. English Language Teaching; Vol. 6, No. 3; 2013 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750
  21. Nathalie Ann C. Alaga (2016). Motivation and Attitude of Students towards Learning English Language. International Conference on Research in Social Sciences, Humanities and Education (SSHE-2016) May 20-21, 2016 Cebu (Philippines)
  22. Nidana Yahya, (2017). Motivation in Learning a Second Language. Retrieved from bahasa/17-NIDANA.pdf
  23. Normazidah, C. M., Koo, Y. L., and Hazita, A. 2012). Exploring English language learning and teaching in Malaysia. GEMA Online™ Journal of Language Studies, 12(1), 35-55
  24. Nursyaheedah Muhammad Isa, Noor Azlinda Zainal Abidin, Nabila Abdul Malek, Mohamad Hazeem Mohmad Sidik & Safirul Azli Abu Bakar (2018). It’s Not Just About the Game: A Study on Attitudes and Motivation of Malaysian Secondary Sports School Students in East Malaysia towards Learning English as a Second Language. MATEC Web Conf. Volume 150, 2018 Malaysia Technical Universities Conference on Engineering and Technology (MUCET 2017)
  25. Obeidat, M.M. (2005). Attitude and Motivation in Second Language Learning, Journal of Faculty of Education, Hashemite University
  26. Oxford, R., & Shearin, J. (1994). Language learning motivation: Expanding the theoretical framework. Modern Language Journal, 78(1), 12-28. Scholarly Research Network. doi: 10.5402/2012/138982
  27. Roselina Shakir, (2009). Soft Skills at the Malaysian Institutes Higher Learning. Asia Pacific Education Review 10(3):309-315. DOI: 10.1007/s12564-009-9038-8
  28. Schumann, J. H. (1986). Research on the acculturation model for second language acquisition. Journal of Multilingual & Multicultural Development, 7(5), 379-392
  29. Schunk, D.H., Pintrich, P.R. & Meece, J. (2008). Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Application. 3rd Ed. USA: Allyn and Bacon
  30. Siriluck Wechsumangkalo & Sirithip Prasertratanadecho, (2002). Integrative Motivation, Instrumental Motivation, and English Achievement among Students in the Faculty of Arts. Unpublished master’s thesis, School of Language and Communication. National Institute of Development Administration
  31. Siti Sukinah Che Mat & Melur Md. Yunus (2014). Attitudes and Motivation towards Learning English among FELDA School Students. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 8(5) Special 2014, Pages: 1-8
  32. Stern., H. H. (1983). Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  33. Tahaineh, et. al (2013). Jordanian Undergraduates' Motivations and Attitudes towards Learning English in EFL Context. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 4, No. 2 (2013), pp. 159-180
  34. Ting, S.H., Ernisa Marzuki, Chuah, K.M., Misieng, J., Jerome, C. (2017). Employers’ Views on Importance of English Proficiency and Communication Skills for Employability in Malaysia. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 7 No. 2, September 2017, pp. 315-327. DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v7i2.8132
  35. Thirusanku, J., & Melor, M. Y. (2012). The many faces of Malaysian English. International
  36. Wimolmas, R.A. (2013). Survey of Motivation in English Language Learning of First Year Undergraduate Students at Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University
  37. Wong, Y.M. (2011). A Study of Instrumental and Integrative Motivations as Factors Influencing UTAR Third-Year Chinese Undergraduates in Learning ESL (bachelor thesis). Retrieved from UTAR Institutional Repository website:

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-09-20 00:11:09

No citation recorded.