skip to main content

Pemanfaatan Kompilasi Bentonit dan Karbon Aktif dari Batubara untuk Menurunkan Kadar BOD dan COD pada Limbah Cair Industri Karet

Utilization of Compilation of Bentonite and Activated Carbon from Coal to Reduce BOD and COD Levels in Rubber Industrial Wastewater

*Muhammad Naswir  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Yasdi Yasdi  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Muhammad Akbar Chaniago  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Yudha Gusti Wibowo  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia

Citation Format:
This study aims to determine the ability of compilation of bentonite and activated carbon made from coal as adsorbents for adsorption of the parameters of the rubber industry wastewater. The test results found that the levels of BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) 805 ppm, COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) 1415 ppm, Ammonia 12.5 ppm, TSS 340 ppm, pH 6.6. The process of activation of bentonite using HCL 0.1 M. then stirred for 1 hour at a speed of 200rpm then filtered the resulting residue is heated to a temperature of 110oC for 3 hours. Activation of activated carbon is carried out using 0.2 M H3PO4 and then soaked for 24 hours, then washed with distilled water until the pH approaches neutral, dried in an oven at 150oC. The best contact time for bentonite and activated carbon compilation from coal is 0.1 gram (1: 1). With 250 ml of rubber industry, liquid waste is 60 minutes with a BOD absorption efficiency of 99.75% and COD of 98.72%. The best compilation of bentonite and activated carbon from coal in the adsorption of BOD & COD is in the compilation ratio (1: 1) with an efficiency of 99.75% BOD absorption and 98.72% COD.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: BOD; coal; COD; activated carbon

Article Metrics:

  1. Bahmanpour, H., Awhadi, S., Enjili, J., Hosseini, S.M., Vanani, H.R., Eslamian, S., Ostad-ali-askari, & K., 2017. Optimizing Absorbent Bentonite and Evaluation of Contaminants Removal from Petrochemical Industries Wastewater. International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research 3, 34–42
  2. Benazzouk, A., Douzane, O., Mezreb, K., & Quéneudec, M., 2006. Physico-mechanical properties of aerated cement composites containing shredded rubber waste. Cement and Concrete Composites 28, 650–657
  3. Jang, H.M., Kan, E., 2019. A novel hay-derived biochar for removal of tetracyclines in water. Bioresource Technology 162–172
  4. Kumlanghan, A., Kanatharana, P., Asawatreratanakul, P., Mattiasson, B., Thavarungkul, P., 2008. Microbial BOD sensor for monitoring treatment of wastewater from a rubber latex industry. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 42, 483–491
  5. Li, X., Zhao, C., Zhang, M., 2018. Biochar for Anionic Contaminants Removal From Water. In: Biochar from Biomass and Waste. Elsevier Inc., pp. 143–160
  6. Maryani, A. T., Nusifera, S., Matondang, N., Wibowo, Y.G., 2019. Distribution of Stimulants Etefon and Fertilization for Latex Plant Rubber. International Journal of Agricultural Research 6, 57–64
  7. Naswir, M., Arita, S., Hartati, W., Septiarini, L., Desfaournatalia, D., Wibowo, Y.G., 2019a. Activated Bentonite: Low Cost Adsorbent to Reduce Phosphor in Waste Palm Oil. International Journal of Chemistry 11, 67
  8. Naswir, M., Gusti Wibowo, Y., Arita, S., Hartati, W., Septiarini, L., 2019b. Utilization of activated bentonite to reduce nitrogen on palm oil mill. International Journal of Chemical Science 3, 89–92
  9. Ramanan, G., N, V., 2015. Treatment of Waste Water from Natural Rubber Processing Plant. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 4, 2347–3878
  10. Wibowo, Y. G., Ramadan, B. S., Andriansyah, M., 2019. Simple Technology to Convert Coconut Shell Waste into Biochar; A Green Leap Towards Achieving Environmental Sustainability. Jurnal Presipitasi : Media Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Teknik Lingkungan 16, 58

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-22 10:08:46

No citation recorded.