Studi Daya Dukung Lingkungan dan Tingkat Kekritisan Berdasarkan Pendekatan Ketersediaan Air Kota Balikpapan

Study of Environmental Carrying Capacity and Water Criticality Index Based on Availability Water in Balikpapan City

*Muhammad Ma'arij Harfadli scopus  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Mega Ulimaz  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Received: 20 Aug 2020; Revised: 19 Nov 2020; Accepted: 21 Nov 2020; Published: 30 Nov 2020.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract

One of the priority problems in Balikpapan is the limited availability of raw water. This is due to the rapid growth of domestic and non-domestic activities in Balikpapan while the Manggar Reservoir as the main source of  water supply is almost close to maximum capacity. The impact that will occur is a decrease in the environmental carrying capacity of Balikpapan. So it is necessary to predict when the availability of water in Balikpapan will reach a critical point. The method used in this study is to calculate the need and availability of water in Balikpapan, then calculate the ratio of water availability and demand to determine the carrying capacity and the water criticality index. The results of the calculation of the Environmental carrying capacity status in this study indicate that the water resources in Balikpapan from 2019 to 2029 are worth between 1-2 so that they are included in the conditional safe category. The calculation of the Water Critical Index  shows that in 2019 and 2024 is approaching critical (50-70%). Meanwhile, in 2029 the water criticality index of Balikpapan will reach critical status (84%). So it is necessary to conserve water resources in Balikpapan.

Keywords: Carrying Capacity, Water Critical, Conserve, Water Resources
Funding: Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat, Kementerian Riset Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi/ Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Article Metrics:

  1. Admadhani, D.N., Alexander, T.S.H. & Liliya, D.S. 2014. analisis ketersediaan dan kebutuhan air untuk daya dukung lingkungan (Studi Kasus Kota Malang). Jurnal Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan 1 (3), 13–20
  2. Anggraini, F.D., Samadi, S., & Warnadi, W. 2013. Pengaruh pertumbuhan penduduk terhadap kebutuhan air bersih di Pulau Panggang, Kelurahan Pulau Panggang, Kecamatan Kepulauan Seribu Utara, Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Vol 12 No 2 (2013): Jurnal SPATIAL - Wahana Komunikasi dan Informasi Geografi 12 (2), 25-30
  3. Hamdani, A.F. & Nelya, E.S. 2017. Analisis kajian meteorologis ketersediaan dan tingkat kekritisan air domestik Desa Girimoyo, Kecamatan Karangploso, Kabupaten Malang. Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang 2017
  4. Hidayat, A.M., Aryo, P.M., Audia, A.A. & Diar, A. 2018. Evaluasi ketersediaan sumber daya air berbasis metode neraca air thornthwaite mather untuk pendugaan surplus dan defisit air di Pulau Jawa. Seminar Nasional Fisika dan Aplikasinya 2018
  5. Huang, L. & Li, Y. 2017. Supply and demand analysis of water resources based on system dynamics model. J. Eng. Technol. Sci 49 (6), 705-720
  6. Narulita, I. & Djuwansah, M. 2018. Kajian daya dukung sumberdaya air berdasarkan analisis ketersediaan dan kebutuhan sumberdaya air: studi kasus Daerah Aliran Sungai Cerucuk, Pulau Belitung. Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi 9 (2), 53-63
  7. Pramesty, A.R., Azwa, N. Dan Asripin, A. 2014. Perhitungan daya dukung lingkungan berdasarkan ketersediaan air dan produktivitas lahan di Kecamatan Tujuh Belas Kabupaten Bengkayang. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Lahan Basah 2 (1), 1-10
  8. Suheri, A., Cecep, K., Yanuar, J.P. dan Yudi, S. 2019. Model prediksi kebutuhan air bersih berdasarkan jumlah penduduk di kawasan perkotaan Sentul City. Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan 4 (3), 207-218
  9. Sukmara, R.B., Pratama, J.J. dan Ariyaningsih. 2020. Analisis ketersediaan dan kebutuhan air baku Kota Balikpapan studi kasus: Waduk Manggar Kota Balikpapa. Jurnal Eternitas 1(1), 7-14
  10. Yulitasari, E., Alexander, T.S.H., & Liliya, D.S. 2017. Daya dukung lingkungan berbasis keseimbangan air di kabupaten nganjuk menggunakan sistem infomasi geografi. Jurnal Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan 4 (3), 1-9
  11. Winarni, Pratiwi, E.R. & Subchan. 2018. Desain rute jaringan moda bus kota sebagai antisipasi kemacetan di Kota Balikpapan. SPECTA Journal of Technology 2 (3), 51-58

Last update: 2021-04-11 14:13:58

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-04-11 14:13:58

No citation recorded.