skip to main content

Peningkatan Kinerja Keberlanjutan dengan Strategi Eco-efficiency: Studi Kasus di UKM Batik SS Jogja

Improving Sustainability Performance with Eco-Efficiency Strategies: A Case Study in SME Batik SS Jogja

*Sri Hartini  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Prasetyo Yulianto  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
Batik is a World Cultural Heritage. However, the production process is suspected to have a negative impact on the environment. This study aims to analyze the Batik production process using an eco-efficiency approach. The identification stage is carried out by identifying the non-product output costs. The environmental impact analysis was carried out by means of a life cycle assessment (LCA) using the eco-cost and eco-mapping methods. The causal analysis stage was carried out with a fishbone diagram. The problem area occurs in the stamping, coloring and washing processes. LCA processing using simapro v7.1.8 software concluded that there was a negative impact on the global warming (CO2 eq) category of 14,804.2 kg and aquatic ecotoxic (TEG eq) of 10,241,717 kg or equivalent to an eco-cost of Rp 700,394,880 / year. Recommendations for improvement by making used candle  container, adding assignments for one of the workers, and creating a simple waste treatment system with the principle of aerobic biological treatment. This research provides benefits economically, environmentally and socially. The recommendations given are estimated to reduce the non-product output ratio by 0.01224, with an economic profit of around Rp 25,571,892 / year.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Batik, eco-efficiency, life cycle assessment, non product output

Article Metrics:

  1. Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik. 2004. Pengolahan Limbah Industri Batik Dengan Menggunakan Bioteknologi
  2. Bettley, A. and Burnley, S. 2008. Towards sustainable operations management integrating sustainability management into operations management strategies and practices. pp. 875–904
  3. Engel, Heinz Werner.2008. Ecomapping: a guide for the motor trade. Department of Environment and Water Resources, Environment Protection Authority of South Australia
  4. Gong, M, Gao, Y, Koh, L, Sutcliffe, C, Cullen, J. 2019. The role of customer awareness in promoting firm sustainability and sustainable supply chain management. International Journal of Production Economics, 217(January), pp. 88–96
  5. Hartini, S. Wicaksono, P. A., Prastawa, H., Hadyan, A. F., Sriyanto. 2019. The environmental impact assessment of furniture production process using the life cycle assessment, in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Institute of Physics Publishing
  6. Hasibuan, S. and Hidayati, J. 2018. The integration of cleaner production innovation and creativity for supply chain sustainability of Bogor batik SMES. International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, 12 No 5(August)
  7. Luo, T., Wu, C. and Duan, L. 2018. Fishbone diagram and risk matrix analysis method and its application in safety assessment of natural gas spherical tank. Journal of Cleaner Production, 174(September 2018), pp. 296–304
  8. Munny, A.A., Ali, S.M., Kabir, G., Moktadir, M.A., Rahman, T., Mahtab, Z. 2019. Enablers of social sustainability in the supply chain: An example of footwear industry from an emerging economy. Sustainable Production and Consumption. 20, 230–242
  9. Kabir, G, Moktadir, M A., Rahman, T, Mahtab, Z. 2019. Enablers of social sustainability in the supply chain: An example of footwear industry from an emerging economy. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 20, pp. 230–242
  10. Muslimah, E., Soeparman, S., Yanuwiyadi, B., Riniwati, H. 2020. Using eco-efficiency to analyze environmental impact of the batik industry. Technology Reports of Kansai University, 62(4), pp. 1809–1814
  11. Prastawa, H., Hartini, S., Anshori, M., Hans, S. Wimba, C. 2018. Integration between green quality function deployment, modularity concept and life cycle assessment toward sustainable product design. MATEC Web of Conferences, 159
  12. Prastawa, H. and Hartini, S. 2019. The influence of product design on environmental impacts using life cycle assessment. 030015(June), p. 030015
  13. PRE. 2006. Introduction to LCA with SimaPro 7. Product Ecology Consultants
  14. Program Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia – Jerman. 2007. Panduan Penerapan Eko Efisiensi Usaha Kecil dan Menengah Sektor Batik : Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup, Indonesia
  15. Ramos, A. R., Ferreira, J C. E., Kumar, V., Garza-Reyes, J. A., Cherrafi, A. 2018. A lean and cleaner production benchmarking method for sustainability assessment: A study of manufacturing companies in Brazil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 177, pp. 218–231
  16. Rinawati, D. I., Sari, D. P., Nugroho, S., Muljadi, F., Lestari, S. P. 2013. Pengelolaan produksi menggunakan pendekatan lean and green untuk menuju industri batik yang berkelanjutan (studi kasus di UKM Batik Puspa Kencana)’, J@Ti Undip : Jurnal Teknik Industri, 8(1), pp. 43–50
  17. Sari, D. P., Hartini, S., Rinawati, D. I., Wicaksono, T. S. 2013. Pengukuran tingkat eko-efisiensi menggunakan life cycle assessment untuk menciptakan sustainable production di usaha kecil menengah batik. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 14(2)
  18. Susanty, A., Hartini, S., Sari, D. P., Arsiwi, P. 2015. Measuring efficiency of using resource in the production process of making stamped-batik: A DEA Approach. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing, 6(5), pp. 2039–9340
  19. The International Standards Organisation. 2006. ISO 14044. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, pp. 1–54
  20. Van der Velden, N. M. and Vogtländer, J. G. 2017. Monetisation of external socio-economic costs of industrial production: A social-LCA-based case of clothing production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 153, pp. 320–330
  21. Vogtlander, J. G. Scheepens, A E., Bocken, N. M. P., Peck, D. 2017. Combined analyses of costs, market value and eco-costs in circular business models: eco-efficient value creation in remanufacturing. Journal of Remanufacturing, 7(1), pp. 1–17
  22. Widodo, N. D. 2013. Bentuk Penerapan eko-efisiensi pada rantai nilai di klaster Batik Laweyan, Kota Surakarta. Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, 1(3), p. 287
  23. WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development). 2000. Eco-efficiency creating more with less impact
  24. Yaacob, M. R., Faizah, N. and Zain, M. 2016. Environmental awareness and perception on environmental management of entrepreneurs in batik industry in Kelantan, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Resources and Sustainable Science, 4(1), pp. 54–60

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-12 13:12:01

No citation recorded.