skip to main content

Compost Solid-phase Microbial Fuel Cell (CSMFC) Performance using Graphene and Graphite as Electrodes

*Soraya Annisa Putri  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Akbar Nugroho Confera  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Syafrudin Syafrudin  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Bimastyaji Surya Ramadan  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Organic waste is a type of waste produced by many sector, which need to managed appropriately. During its development, composting is one of the organic waste management efforts that is often be applied, Another alternative organic waste management in the form of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) has emerged. Several researchers conducted studies on MFC performance which was influenced by many factors, especially the electrode which contributes to the electron transfer process. This study has a concern about energy optimization through CSMFC technology using different electrode’s material. Electrode materials from Graphene and Graphit has good electro-conductivity and has a large surface area, making it suitable for bacteria to adhere. The sampled reactors are consists of two types of electrodes  in the form of graphite and graphene. Each materials has anode and cathode ratio of 1:1, 2:1, and 3:1. The samples measured into three kinds, which called a mature compost measurement, electrochemical measurement, and biochemical measurement. Some collected sampling data were then processed and analyzed statistically using SPSS software. The processed and analyzed data included the calculation of power density, total N, C/N ratio, and moisture content. Any data like voltage (V) and electric current (I) are needed to obtain a power density. The highest average voltage, current, power and power density are produced by the N3 reactor (graphene 3:1) that is 269 x 10-3 V, 163 x 10-6 A, 56 x 10-6 Watt and 1.914 x 10-3 W / m2. There is no significant effect of variations in the type of electrode (graphite and graphene) on CSMFC performances.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Compost Solid-phase Microbial Fuel Cell (CSMFC); Graphene; Graphite

Article Metrics:

  1. Ariyanti, M., Samudro, G., & Handayani, D. 2019. Penentuan rasio bahan sampah organik optimum terhadap kinerja compost solid phase microbial fuel cells (CSMFCs). Jurnal Presipitasi : Media Komunikasi Dan Pengembangan Teknik Lingkungan, 16, 24.
  2. Bustami Ibrahim, Pipih Suptijah, Zhalindri Noor Adjani. 2017. Kinerja microbial fuel cell penghasil biolistrik dengan perbedaan jenis elektroda pada limbah cair industri perikanan
  3. Ci, S., Cai, P., Wen, Z., & Li, J. 2015. Graphene-based electrode materials for microbial fuel cells. Science China Materials, 58(6), 496–509.
  4. Damanhuri, E., & Padmi, T. 2010. Diktat kuliah : pengelolaan sampah. Retrieved from
  5. Damanhuri, E., & Padmi, T. 2016. Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu
  6. Findlay, S. E. G. 2013. Chapter 4. Organic matter decomposition. In Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science (First Edit).
  7. Hamoda, M. F., Abu Qdais, H. A., & Newham, J. 1998. Evaluation of municipal solid waste composting kinetics. Resources, Conservation and Recycling.
  8. Hou, J., Liu, Z., Yang, S., & Zhou, Y. 2014. Three-dimensional macroporous anodes based on stainless steel fiber felt for high-performance microbial fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources.
  9. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2019. Sistem Informasi Pengelolaan Sampah Nasional. Retrieved from
  10. Liang, C., Das, K. C., & McClendon, R. W. 2003. The influence of temperature and moisture contents regimes on the aerobic microbial activity of a biosolids composting blend. Bioresource Technology.
  11. Logan, B. E., & Regan, J. M. 2006. Electricity-producing bacterial communities in microbial fuel cells. Trends in Microbiology, 14(12), 512–518.
  12. Rabaey, K., & Verstraete, W. 2005. Microbial fuel cells: Novel biotechnology for energy generation. Trends in Biotechnology, 23(6), 291–298.
  13. Sánchez, Ó. J., Ospina, D. A., & Montoya, S. 2017. Compost supplementation with nutrients and microorganisms in composting process. Waste Management, 69(26), 136–153.
  14. Sundberg, C. 2003. Food waste composting - effects of heat, acids and size. (June), 38. 00283-0086
  15. Torres-Climent, A., Martin-Mata, J., Marhuenda-Egea, F., Moral, R., Barber, X., Perez-Murcia, M. D., & Paredes, C. 2015. Composting of the solid phase of digestate from biogas production: optimization of the moisture, C/N Ratio, and pH conditions. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis.
  16. Wang, C. T., Lee, Y. C., & Liao, F. Y. 2015. Effect of composting parameters on the power performance of solid microbial fuel cells. Sustainability (Switzerland).

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-02-28 16:18:34

No citation recorded.