skip to main content

Coconut shell-based activated carbon preparation and its adsorption efficacy in reducing BOD from The Real Wastewater from Kitchen Restaurant (RWKR): Characteristics, Sorption Capacity, and Isotherm Model

*Yasdi Yasdi  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Dhea Ussarvi  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Rinaldi Rinaldi  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Febri Juita  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Shassy Endah Cahyani  -  Wageningen University and Research, Netherlands

Citation Format:
Abstract

Real Wastewater from Kitchen Restaurant (RWKR) contains high concentrations of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) pollutants to pollute the environment. One of the processing alternatives to reduce BOD is the adsorption method using activated carbon from coconut shells. This study aims to determine coconut shell-activated carbon as an adsorbent for the adsorption of organic matter to reduce BOD in RWKR. The method begins with making adsorbents that are activated with activators on HCl 3 M, NaOH 3 M, and H3PO4 M, then a preliminary adsorption test is carried out to select the best activator on coconut shell activated carbon to reduce BOD in RWKR. Determining the optimum conditions for adsorption was carried out by varying pH 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Variation of contact time with a stirring speed of 250 rpm, then determined the isotherm model. The remaining organic matter in the wastewater will be measured using a DO meter based on SNI 6989.72: 2009 concerning the method of testing for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). The results showed that the appropriate activator for coconut shell activated carbon was H3PO4 3 M with an average percentage value of uptake of 89.690%. The adsorption process's optimum pH is at pH 3 with an absorption percentage value of 88.626%. The optimum contact time is at 10 minutes and the adsorption isotherm model used is the Freundlich isotherm with a regression value of R2 = 0.8864.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Research Instrument
Data Penelitian
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (66KB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: wastewater, BOD, activated carbon, adsorption, isotherm model

Article Metrics:

  1. BPS-Statistics Indonesia. 2020. Food and Beverage Service Activities Statistics. In BPS-Statistics I
  2. Fok, L., & Cheung, P. K. 2015. Hong Kong at the Pearl River Estuary: A hotspot of microplastic pollution. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 99(1–2), 112–118
  3. Fu, D., Yan, Y., Yang, X., Rene, E. R., & Singh, R. P. 2020. Bioremediation of contaminated river sediment and overlying water using biologically activated beads: A case study from Shedu river, China. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 23, 101492
  4. Hami, M. L., Al-Hashimi, M. A., & Al-Doori, M. M. 2007. Effect of activated carbon on BOD and COD removal in a dissolved air flotation unit treating refinery wastewater. Desalination, 216(1–3), 116–122
  5. Lasindrang, M., Suwarno, H., Tandjung, S. D., & Kamiso, H. N. 2015. Adsorption Pollution Leather Tanning Industry Wastewater by Chitosan Coated Coconut Shell Active Charcoal. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia
  6. Leiviskä, T., Nurmesniemi, H., Pöykiö, R., Rämö, J., Kuokkanen, T., & Pellinen, J. 2008. Effect of biological wastewater treatment on the molecular weight distribution of soluble organic compounds and on the reduction of BOD, COD and P in pulp and paper mill effluent. Water Research, 42(14), 3952–3960
  7. Malik, R., Ramteke, D. S., & Wate, S. R. 2006. Physico-chemical and surface characterization of adsorbent prepared from groundnut shell by ZnCl2 activation and its ability to adsorb colour. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, 13(4), 319–328
  8. Mall, I. D., Srivastava, V. C., Agarwal, N. K., & Mishra, I. M. 2005. Removal of congo red from aqueous solution by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: Kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses. Chemosphere, 61(4), 492–501
  9. Mallory, M. L., Roberston, G. J., & Moenting, A. 2006. Marine plastic debris in northern fulmars from Davis Strait, Nunavut, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52(7), 813–815
  10. Mortula, M., & Shabani, S. 2012. Removal of TDS and BOD from Synthetic Industrial Wastewater via Adsorption. International Conference on Environmental, Biomedical and Biotechnology , 41(March), 166–170
  11. Naswir, M., Arita, S., Hartati, W., Septiarini, L., Desfaournatalia, D., & Wibowo, Y. G. 2019. Activated Bentonite: Low Cost Adsorbent to Reduce Phosphor in Waste Palm Oil. International Journal of Chemistry, 11(2), 67
  12. Naswir, M., Natalia, D., Arita, S., & Wibowo, Y. G. 2020. Adsorption of Mercury Using Different Types of Activated Bentonite : A Study of Sorption , Kinetics , and Isotherm Models. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Environment, 15(2), 123–131
  13. Sorinolu, A. J., Tyagi, N., Kumar, A., & Munir, M. 2021. Antibiotic resistance development and human health risks during wastewater reuse and biosolids application in agriculture. Chemosphere, 265, 129032
  14. Takeuchi, Y. 2006. Pengantar Kimia. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten
  15. Wibowo, Y. G., & Sadikin, A. 2019. Biology in the 21st-Century: Transformation in biology science and education in supporting the sustainable development goals. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia, 5(2), 285–296
  16. Zulaikha, S., Lau, W. J., Ismail, A. F., & Jaafar, J. 2014. Treatment of restaurant wastewater using ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 2, 58–62

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.