skip to main content

Utilization of Rubber Factory WWTP Muds as Fertilizer for Rubber Plant Clone PB 260 (Hevea Brasiliensis Muell. Arg)

*Anis Tatik Maryani  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Suri Setyaningsih Dewi  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Nyimas Mirna Elsa Fathia  -  Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
Yudha Gusti Wibowo orcid scopus publons  -  Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Indonesia

Citation Format:

The rubber plant (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg) is an important plantation crop in Indonesia because it is one of the non-oil and gas products that are a source of large amounts of foreign exchange income for the country. Experiment was arranged in a Randomized Block Design with one factor, namely Compost for Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) sludge from a rubber factory which consisted of 5 treatment levels. Statistical analysis was carried out using variance (ANOVA). Variables observed in rubber plants were an increase in bud grafting length, plant diameter, the number of leaves, shoot dry weight, and root dry weight. The results showed that the WWTP waste compost from the rubber factory affected the growth of rubber seedlings, as shown in the variable length of grafting shoots, the number of leaf stalks (strands), and the dry weight of the plant crown. Meanwhile, the increase in stem diameter and dry weight of plant roots showed no significant effect on the observed variables.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Fertilizer; sludge waste; ruber clon PB 260

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language : EN
  1. Ahmed, A. K. A., Shi, X., Hua, L., Manzueta, L., Qing, W., Marhaba, T., & Zhang, W. 2018. Influences of air, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide nanobubbles on seed germination and plant growth. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66, 5117–5124
  2. Bindraban, P. S., Dimkpa, C. O., & Pandey, R. 2020. Exploring phosphorus fertilizers and fertilization strategies for improved human and environmental healthBindraban, P. S., Dimkpa, C. O., & Pandey, R. (2020). Exploring phosphorus fertilizers and fertilization strategies for improved human and environment. Biology and Fertility of Soils 56, 299–317
  3. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. 2021. Statistik perkebunan unggulan nasional. In Sekretariat Dirjend Perkebunan Kementerian Pertanian
  4. Elhaissoufi, W., Khourchi, S., Ibnyasser, A., Ghoulam, C., Rchiad, Z., Zeroual, Y., Lyamlouli, K., & Bargaz, A. 2020. Phosphate solubilizing rhizobacteria could have a stronger influence on wheat root traits and aboveground physiology than rhizosphere p solubilization. Frontiers in Plant Science 11, 1–15
  5. Hasanuzzaman, M., Bhuyan, M. H. M. B., Nahar, K., Hossain, M. S., Al Mahmud, J., Hossen, M. S., Masud, A. A. C., Moumita, & Fujita, M. 2018. Potassium: A vital regulator of plant responses and tolerance to abiotic stresses. Agronomy 8
  6. Kamaludin, R. 2018. Competitiveness and exports sustainability of the indonesian natural rubber. Sriwijaya International Journal of Dynamic Economics and Business 2, 85–98
  7. Kertesz, M. A., & Thai, M. 2018. Compost bacteria and fungi that influence growth and development of Agaricus bisporus and other commercial mushrooms. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 102, 1639–1650
  8. Khaitov, B., Yun, H. J., Lee, Y., Ruziev, F., Le, T. H., Umurzokov, M., Bo, A. B., Cho, K. M., & Park, K. W. 2019. Impact of organic manure on growth, nutrient content and yield of chilli pepper under various temperature environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16
  9. Khan, M. I., Afzal, M. J., Bashir, S., Naveed, M., Anum, S., Cheema, S. A., Wakeel, A., Sanaullah, M., Ali, M. H., & Chen, Z. 2021. Improving nutrient uptake, growth, yield and protein content in chickpea by the co-addition of phosphorus fertilizers, organic manures, and bacillus sp. Mn-54. Agronomy 11
  10. Liu, L., Wang, S., Guo, X., & Wang, H. 2019. Comparison of the effects of different maturity composts on soil nutrient, plant growth and heavy metal mobility in the contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Management 250, 109525
  11. McKim, S. M. 2019. How plants grow up. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 61, 257–277
  12. Mndzebele, B., Ncube, B., Fessehazion, M., Mabhaudhi, T., Amoo, S., du Plooy, C., Venter, S., & Modi, A. 2020. Effects of cowpea-amaranth intercropping and fertiliser application on soil phosphatase activities, available soil phosphorus, and crop growth response. Agronomy 10
  13. Mulyono, Putri, M. N., & Hidayat, T. 2022. Effectiveness of cattle bone ash nano particle as a source of p to replace sp 36 fertilizer in sweet corn cultivation in entisol soil. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 985, 6–10
  14. Siedt, M., Schäffer, A., Smith, K. E. C., Nabel, M., Roß-Nickoll, M., & van Dongen, J. T. 2021. Comparing straw, compost, and biochar regarding their suitability as agricultural soil amendments to affect soil structure, nutrient leaching, microbial communities, and the fate of pesticides. Science of the Total Environment 751, 141607
  15. Sitepu, M. H., Matondang, A. R., & Sembiring, M. T. 2019. Sustainability assessment of natural rubber primary processing: a review. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 648
  16. Suyanto, & Munte, J. 2018. Implementation of sobel method to detect the seed rubber plant leaves. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 983
  17. Tisarum, R., Samphumphung, T., Theerawitaya, C., Prommee, W., & Cha-um, S. 2018. In vitro photoautotrophic acclimatization, direct transplantation and ex vitro adaptation of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 133, 215–223
  18. Umami, I. M., Kamarudin, K. N., Hermansah, & Abe, S. S. 2019. Does soil fertility decline under smallholder rubber farming? The case of a West Sumatran lowland in Indonesia. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 53, 279–287
  19. Usharani, K., Roopashree, K., & Naik, D. 2019. Role of soil physical, chemical and biological properties for soil health improvement and sustainable agriculture. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8, 1256–1267
  20. Warren-Thomas, E., Dolman, P. M., & Edwards, D. P. 2015. Increasing demand for natural rubber necessitates a robust sustainability initiative to mitigate impacts on tropical biodiversity. Conservation Letters 8, 230–241

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-16 17:26:29

No citation recorded.