EKSPLORASI KESEJAHTERAAN PSIKOLOGIS INDIVIDU DEWASA AWAL PENYANDANG TUNANETRA

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jpu.13.1.64-77

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Article Info
Submitted: 13-01-2015
Published: 15-04-2014
Section: Research Article
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Abstract

This study aims to explore the psychological well-being of individuals who were blind in early adulthood (late blind), particularly to understand the changes and the antecedents of their psychological well-being. Two adults, aged 20-40 years, who were blind in early adulthood, had participated in this study. This is a qualitative phenomenological study. Data were analyzed using the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The results showed that late blind brought several impacts on subjects. Both subjects identified a decreased communication skill, a reduced movement ability, and negative emotional response in the beginning of blindness as the antecedents of their psychological well-being. The increased of psychological well-being was obtained due to social support -in terms of emotional, informational, and instrumental support- from family, partner, friends, and community. Although both subjects applied different coping strategies, they both reported an increased psychological well-being after they reached self-acceptance dimension.
This study revealed selfacceptance as initial dimension that helped subjects to reach other dimensions of psychological well-being: life goals, independence, environment mastery, personal growth, and positive relationships with others.

 

Keywords

psychological well-being; blind; late blind; interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)

  1. Mega Tala Harimukthi 
    Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. Sudharto SH Tembalang Semarang
  2. Kartika Sari Dewi 
    Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. Sudharto SH Tembalang Semarang