skip to main content

Influence of Microwave Irradiation on Extraction of Chitosan from Shrimp Shell Waste

*Dwi Titik Apriyanti  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Heru Susanto  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Diponegoro University
Nur Rokhati  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Diponegoro University
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Reaktor under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Chitosan is natural polysaccharides which is nontoxic, biodegradable, and biocompatible and have many advantages in various kinds of fields including health, food, agriculture, and industry. Chitosan usually take long time to extract by conventional method for deacetylation process of chitin. Raw material for chitosan can be found in shrimp shell waste. Chitosan manufactures usually need high temperatures and chemicals in large quantities and it takes much time and consumes a lot of energy where will give bad effect to the environment. Recently microwave irradiation as nonconventional energy sources is widely used in chemical reactions. To reduce the impact of environmental pollution due to excessive use of chemical treatment, the objective of this work is processing chitosan under microwave irradiation. Expected production of chitosan with the same mass requires fewer chemicals than conventional heating. In particular, the study will examine the effect of making the chitosan and adding chemicals, reaction time and operating temperature and degree of deacetylation in chitosan with conventional heating methods that the results will be compared using a microwave. In this research will be developed to the design and fabrication of prototype scale extractor for manufacturing chitosan from shrimp shell waste after optimum results obtained from the research laboratory scale. From the research we can conclude that microwave will speed up reaction time. FTIR also showed functional group of chitosan formed from microwave irradiation have same results.

 

Keywords: chitosan, shrimp shells, microwave


Fulltext View|Download

Article Metrics:

Last update:

  1. Applications of chitin and chitosan as natural biopolymer: potential sources, pretreatments, and degradation pathways

    Gohar Ali, Monika Sharma, El-Sayed Salama, Zhenmin Ling, Xiangkai Li. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2022. doi: 10.1007/s13399-022-02684-x
  2. Influence of Deacetylation Process in Chitosan Extract From Shrimp Shell Waste

    Nurhadini, W Yandi, M A Nugraha, M A Putri, N Riyani. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 926 (1), 2021. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/926/1/012069
  3. High quality, low molecular weight shrimp and crab chitosans obtained by short-time holistic high-power microwave technology

    Alaa Ewais, R. A. Saber, A. Abdel Ghany, A. Sharaf, Mahmoud Sitohy. SN Applied Sciences, 5 (12), 2023. doi: 10.1007/s42452-023-05602-6
  4. Green and eco-friendly approaches for the extraction of chitin and chitosan: A review

    Kannan Mohan, Abirami Ramu Ganesan, P.N. Ezhilarasi, Kiran Kumar Kondamareddy, Durairaj Karthick Rajan, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Jayakumar Rajarajeswaran, Lorenza Conterno. Carbohydrate Polymers, 287 , 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119349
  5. Chitosan: Sources, Processing and Modification Techniques

    Alessandro Pellis, Georg M. Guebitz, Gibson Stephen Nyanhongo. Gels, 8 (7), 2022. doi: 10.3390/gels8070393
  6. Express Method for Isolation of Ready-to-Use 3D Chitin Scaffolds from Aplysina archeri (Aplysineidae: Verongiida) Demosponge

    Christine Klinger, Sonia Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, Marcin Wysokowski, Mikhail V. Tsurkan, Roberta Galli, Iaroslav Petrenko, Tomasz Machałowski, Alexander Ereskovsky, Rajko Martinović, Lyubov Muzychka, Oleg B. Smolii, Nicole Bechmann, Viatcheslav Ivanenko, Peter J. Schupp, Teofil Jesionowski, Marco Giovine, Yvonne Joseph, Stefan R. Bornstein, Alona Voronkina, Hermann Ehrlich. Marine Drugs, 17 (2), 2019. doi: 10.3390/md17020131
  7. Enhancing nonspecific enzymatic hydrolysis of chitin to oligosaccharides pretreated by acid and green solvents under simultaneous microwave-radiation

    Mengyuan Guo, Xunfan Wei, Sicong Chen, Jinhua Xiao, Dawei Huang. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 209 , 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.04.032
  8. Marine Biomaterials

    Md. Minhajul Islam, Shanta Biswas, Md. Sazedul Islam, Md. Shahruzzaman, M. Mehedi Hasan, Md. Didarul Islam, Papia Haque, Mohammed Mizanur Rahman. 2022. doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-4787-1_9
  9. A review on source-specific chemistry, functionality, and applications of chitin and chitosan

    Sherin M. Joseph, Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy, R. Paranthaman, J.A. Moses, C. Anandharamakrishnan. Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications, 2 , 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.carpta.2021.100036

Last update: 2024-06-21 06:13:34

  1. Express Method for Isolation of Ready-to-Use 3D Chitin Scaffolds from Aplysina archeri (Aplysineidae: Verongiida) Demosponge

    Christine Klinger, Sonia Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, Marcin Wysokowski, Mikhail V. Tsurkan, Roberta Galli, Iaroslav Petrenko, Tomasz Machałowski, Alexander Ereskovsky, Rajko Martinović, Lyubov Muzychka, Oleg B. Smolii, Nicole Bechmann, Viatcheslav Ivanenko, Peter J. Schupp, Teofil Jesionowski, Marco Giovine, Yvonne Joseph, Stefan R. Bornstein, Alona Voronkina, Hermann Ehrlich. Marine Drugs, 17 (2), 2019. doi: 10.3390/md17020131