Modeling and Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Assisted Electrolyzer-Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell For Running a Hospital in Remote Area in Kolkata, India
The present work consists of the modeling and analysis of solar photovoltaic panels integrated with electrolyzer bank and Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell stacks for running different appliances of a hospital located in Kolkata for different climatic conditions. Electric power is generated by an array of solar photovoltaic modules. Excess energy after meeting the requirements of the hospital during peak sunshine hours is supplied to an electrolyzer bank to generate hydrogen gas, which is consumed by the PEM fuel cell stack to support the power requirement during the energy deficit hours. The study reveals that 875 solar photovoltaic modules in parallel each having 2 modules in series of Central Electronics Limited Make PM 150 with a 178.537 kW electrolyzer and 27 PEM fuel cell stacks, each of 382.372 W, can support the energy requirement of a 200 lights (100 W each), 4 pumps (2 kW each), 120 fans(65 W each) and 5 refrigerators (2 kW each)system operated for 16 hours, 2 hours,15 hours and 24 hours respectively. 123 solar photovoltaic modules in parallel each having 2 modules in series of Central Electronics Limited Make PM 150 is needed to run the gas compressor for storing hydrogen in the cylinder during sunshine hours.
Article History: Received Feb 5th 2017; Received in revised form June 2nd 2017; Accepted June 28th 2017; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Talukdar, K. (2017). Modeling and Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Assisted Electrolyzer-Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell For Running a Hospital in Remote Area in Kolkata,India. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2), 181-191.
AlKaraghouli,A.,&Kazmerski,L.L.(2010)Optimization and life-cycle cost of health clinic PV system for a rural area in southern Iraq using HOMER software. Solar Energy,84,710-714.
Al Suleimani,Z.,&Nairb,V.R.(2000)Desalination by solar- powered reverse osmosis in a remote area of the Sultanate of Oman.Applied Energy,65(1-4),367-380.
Barbir,F.(2005)PEM electrolysis for production of hydrogen from renewable energy sources.Solar Energy,78(5),661–669.
Beck,M.K.(2007)A comprehensive solar electric system for remote areas.Desalination,209(1-3),312-318.
Bhagat,P.,&Dhoble,A.(2007)Performance prediction and experimental evaluation of PEM fuel cell.Journal of Institution of Engineers India,88,21-26.
Bizzarri,G.,&Morini,G.L.(2004)Greenhouse gas reduction and primary energy savings via adoption of a fuel cell hybrid plant in a hospital.Applied Thermal Engineering,24,383-400.
Bizzarri,G.,&Morini,G.L.(2006)New technologies for an effective energy retrofit of hospitals.Applied Thermal Engineering,26,161-169.
Chaurey,A.,&Kandpal,T.C.(2010)A techno-economic comparison of rural electrification based on solar home systems and PV microgrids. Energy Policy, 38,3118-3129.
Chenni,R.,Makhlouf,M.,Kerbache,T.,&Bouzid,A,(2007)A detailed modeling method for photovoltaic cells. Energy,32,1724-1730.
Chow,T.T.,He,W., & Ji,J.(2006)Hybrid photovoltaic-thermosyphon water heating system for residential application. Solar Energy,80,298-306.
Dale,N.V.,Mann,M.D.,&Salehfar,H.(2008)Semi-empirical model based on thermodynamic principles for determining 6 kW PEM electrolyzer stack characteristics.Journal of Power Sources,185(2),1348-1353.
Dorer,V.,Weber,R.,&Weber,A.(2005)Performance assessment of fuel cell micro-cogeneration systems for residential buildings.Energy and Buildings,37,1132-1146.
Elhadidy,M.A.(2002)Performance evaluation of hybrid (wind/solar/diesel) power systems.Renewable Energy,26,401-413.
ElShatter,Th.F.,Eskandar,M.N.,&ElHagry,M.T.(2002)Hybrid PV/Fuel cell system design and simulation. Renewable Energy,27(3),479-485.
Galli,S.,&Stefanoni,M.(1997)Development of a solar hydrogen cycle in Italy.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,22(5),453-458.
Ganguly, A., Misra, D., & Ghosh, S.(2010)Modeling and analysis of solar photovoltaic-electrolyzer-fuel cell hybrid power system integrated with floriculture greenhouse, Energy and Buildings, 42, 2036-2043.
Hawkes,A.D.,Aguiar,P.,Hernandez-Aramburo,C.A.,Leach,M.A.,Brandon,N.P.,Green,T.C.,&Adjiman,C.S.(2006)Techno-economic modelling of a solid oxide fuel cell stack for micro combined heat and power.Journal of Power Sources,156,321-333.
Hayre,R.O.,Cha,S.W.,Colella,W.,&Prinz,F.B.(2006)Fuel Cell Fundamentals,John Wiley& Sons, Inc, USA.
Kandlikar,S.G.,&Lu,Z.(2009)Fundamental research needs in combined water and thermal management within a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack under normal and cold-start conditions. Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology,6,044001-(1-13).
Kelly,N.A.,Gibson,T.L.,&Ouwerkerk,D.B.(2008)A solar powered high efficiency hydrogen fueling system using high pressure electrolysis of water: design and initial results.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,33(11),2747-2764.
Kelly,N.A.,Gibson,T.L.,&Ouwerkerk,D.B.(2011)Generation of high-pressure hydrogen for fuel cell electric vehicles using photovoltaic-powered water electrolysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,36,15803-15825.
Li,C.,Zhu,X.,Cao,G.,Sui,S.,&Hu,M.(2009)Dynamic modeling & sizing optimization of stand-alone photovoltaic power systems using hybrid energy storage technology.Renewable Energy,34(3),815-826.
Manolakos,D.,Papadakis,G.,Papantonis,D.,&Kyritsis,S.(2001)A simulation-optimisation programme for designing hybrid energy systems for supplying electricity and fresh water through desalination to remote areas: Case study: the Merssini village, Donoussa island, Aegean Sea, Greece.Energy,26(7),679-704, 2001.
Nafion membranes-Fuel cell Etc.(2016) http://www.fuelcellsetc.com/store/Nafion.Accessed on 6.5.2016.
Nfah,E.M.,Ngundam,J.M.,&Tchinda,R.(2007)Modelling of solar/diesel/battery hybrid power systems for far-north Cameroon. Renewable Energy,32,832-844.
Nfah,E.M.,Ngundam,J.M.,Vandenbergh,M.,&Schmid,J.(2008)Simulation of off-grid generation options for remote villages in Cameroon. Renewable Energy,33, 1064-1072,2008.
Nfah,E.M.,&Ngundam,J.M.(2008)Modelling of wind/Diesel/battery hybrid power systems for far North Cameroon.Energy Conversion and Management, 49,1295-1301.
Paksoy,H.O.,Andersson,O.,Abaci,S.,Evliya,H.,&Turgut,B.(2000)Heating and cooling of a hospital using solar energy coupled with seasonal thermal energy storage in an aquifer.Renewable Energy,19,117-122.
Pal,P.(2004)Modeling of integrated solar photovoltaic fuel cell power generation system.Master of Engineering Thesis,Bengal Engineering & Science University, Shibpur, Howrah.
Patra,S.K.,&Datta,P.P.(2009)Some insights into solar photovoltaics-solar home lighting system, NABARD Technical Digest 7,http://www.nabard.org.Accessed on 26.06.2009.
SahebKoussa,D.,Haddadi,M.,&Belhamel,M.(2009)Economic and technical study of a hybrid system (wind–photovoltaic–diesel) for rural electrification in Algeria.Applied Energy,86(7-8),1024-1030.
Shapiro,D.,Duffy,J.,Kimble,M.,&Pien,M.(2005)Solar-powered regenerative PEM electrolyzer/ fuel cell system. Solar Energy,79(5),544-550.
Solar photovoltaic modules pm 150(2011),http:-celindiacoin.preview1.cp247.net/cal/PM150.pdf.Accessed on 1.11.2011
Solis,I.N.,Almendra,L.V.,&Gallegos,A.A.(2010)H2 production by PEM electrolysis, assisted by textile effluent treatment and a solar photovoltaic cell.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,35,10833-10841.
Telecommunication Engineering Centre (TEC), New Delhi.(2011), Planning and maintenance guidelines for SPVpower,http://www.tec.gov.in/guidelines.html .Accessed on 23.03.2011.
Tiwari,G.N.(2004)Solar energy Fundamentals,Design, Modeling and Applications, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
Uzunoglu,M.,Onar,O.C.,&Alam,M.S.(2009)Modeling, control and simulation of a PV/FC/UC based hybrid power generation system for stand-alone applications. Renewable Energy,34(3),509-520.
Veziroglu,A.,&Macario,R.(2011)Fuel cell vehicles: State of the art with economic and environmental concerns.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,36, 25-43.
Wies,R.W.,Johnson,R.A.,Agrawal,A.N.,&Chubb,T.J.(2005)Simulink model for economic analysis and environmental impacts of a PV with diesel-battery system for remote villages.IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,20(2),692-700.
Wind speed in Kolkata,West Bengal 700001,India.(2014),http://www.synergyenviron.com/tools/wind_data.asp?loc=Kolkata%2CWest+Bengal%2CIndia.Accessed on 12.10.2014.
Wu,S.H.,Kotak,D.B.,&Fleetwood,M.S.(2005)An integrated system framework for fuel cell-based distributed green energy applications.Renewable Energy,30,1525-1540.
Yoshida,S.,Ito,K.,&Yokoyama,R.(2007)Sensitivity analysis in structure optimization of energy supply systems for a hospital.Energy Conversion and Management,48,2836-2843.
Zervas,P.L.,Sarimveis,H.,Palyvos,J.A.,&Markatos,N.C.G.(2008)Model based optimal control of a hybrid power generation system consisting of photovoltaic arrays and fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources,181(2),327-338.
Zhai,H.,Dai,Y.J.,Wu,J.Y.,&Wang,R.Z.(2009)Energy and exergy analyses on a novel hybrid solar heating, cooling and power generation system for remote areas. Applied Energy,86(9),1395-1404.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.