Evaluating the materials used for hydrogen production based on photoelectrochemical technology

Mohammdreza Nazemzadegan  -  Department of Renewable Energies and Environmental, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
*Roghayeh Ghasempour  -  Department of Renewable Energies and Environmental, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran,, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Received: 12 Feb 2019; Revised: 18 Apr 2019; Accepted: 25 Apr 2019; Published: 13 Jun 2019; Available online: 15 Jul 2019.
Open Access Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Hydrogen as a CO2-free fuel has been considered as a serious alternative for problematic fossil fuels in recent decades Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a developing solar-based technology for hydrogen production. In this study, some possible options for upgrading this technology from R&D stage to prototype stage through a material selection approach is investigated. For these purpose, TOPSIS algorithm through a multi criteria decision making (MCDM) approach was utilized for evaluating different (PEC)-based hydrogen production materials. TiO2, WO3 and BiVO4 as three semiconductors known for their PEC application, were selected as alternatives in this decision-making study. After defining a set of criteria, which were assessed based on similar studies and experts' visions, a group of ten PEC-experts including university professors and PhD students were asked to fill the questionnaires. The eight criteria considered in this study are include "Study Cost", "Synthesis Simplicity", "Facility & Availability", "Deposition capability on TCO", "Modifiability", "Commercialization in H2 production", "Physical and Chemical Durability" and "Eco-friendly Fabrication". The final TOPSIS results indicates that TiO2 is selected as the best semiconductor for further investments in order to upgrade the PEC-based hydrogen production technology from R&D level to prototype stage. ©2019. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved

Keywords: MCDM; TOPSIS; Hydrogen generation; PEC; Semiconductor
Funding: University of Tehran

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