SPATIAL CONSERVATION STRATEGIES FOR POTENTIAL HERITAGE AT KAMPONG KAUMAN SURAKARTA

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/geoplanning.0.0.191-204
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Published: 25-10-2018
Section: Articles
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Kauman is one of the cultural heritage kampong in Surakarta which was developed when Paku Buwono III was building Masjid Agung (The Great Mosque) in 1757. Abdi dalem ulama (the religious servant courtiers), together with their santries (Islamic students boarding school), live around the mosque which later was developed into Kauman. The abdi dalem ulama wives are taught to produce batik by the palace where they evolved to be batik entrepreneurs and made Kauman be batik center at the point of time. Batik business went bankrupt and made the Kauman’s old buildings get ignored, damaged, and dirty due to the less maintenance. Kauman’s unique culture should be conserved to support the ongoing revitalization. The research’s main discussion was aimed at identifying the potential of cultural heritage at Kauman Surakarta and what strategies that can be used to conserve it. It was an applied research with the rationalistic qualitative approach. The conservation aspects discussed are tangible heritage and intangible heritage which are supported by spatial analysis using satellite imagery and Arch-GIS. The result of the research shows that tangible heritage which needs to be conserved at Kauman is ancient kampong toponym and ancient buildings. Meanwhile, intangible heritage is in the forms of social, cultural, economic, and religious aspects. The difference of this research from other researches is the involvement of Kauman community in preserving their area.

Keywords

Sustainable revitalization, heritage kampong, spatial analysis

  1. Musyawaroh Musyawaroh 
    Doctoral Candidate Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret. Study Program of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia, Indonesia

    Doctoral Candidate Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret.


    Lecturer Study Program of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

  2. Titis Srimuda Pitana 
    Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret. Study Program of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia., Indonesia
    Lecturer Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret.
    Lecturer Study Program of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret.
  3. Mohammad Masykuri 
    Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia., Indonesia
    Lecturer Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret
  4. Nandariyah Nandariyah 
    Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia, Indonesia
    Lecturer Study Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret