Fractional Order Sliding Mode Control of PMSG-Wind Turbine Exploiting Clean Energy Resource

*Muhammad Waseem Khan  -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Minhang, Shanghai, 200240, PR, China
Jie Wang  -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Minhang, Shanghai, 200240, PR, China
Linyun Xiong  -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Minhang, Shanghai, 200240, PR, China
Meiling Ma  -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Minhang, Shanghai, 200240, PR, China
Published: 2 Feb 2019.
Open Access Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

The extensive application of permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based wind energy conversion system (WECS) has attracted growing interests of power researchers on its control and operation. This paper aims to propose a kind of fractional order sliding mode based (FOSM) power output control scheme of PMSG based WECS with fast exponential reaching law (FERL). The FERL based FOSM control technique proves to be better capable of attenuating the level of the chattering phenomenon with faster convergence speed. The boost converter and the neutral point clamped inverter, both of which are utilized to connect the PMSG and the power grid, are controlled with the proposed FOSM control scheme. Furthermore, the direct and quadrature grid current are tracked, which leads to the control of the active and reactive power output. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified with an 8kW wind turbine simulation and the test results indicate that the proposed method can better track the reference value of active and reactive power. In addition to that, the total harmonic distortion level of the grid current is largely mitigated.

©2019.CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved

Article History: Received June 2nd  2018; Received in revised form October 6th 2018; Accepted January 7th 2019; Available online

How to Cite This Article: Khan, M.W., Wang, J., Xiong, L. and Ma, M. (2019). Fractional Order Sliding Mode Control of PMSG-Wind Turbine Exploiting Clean Energy Resource. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 8(1), 81-89.

https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.8.1.81-89

Keywords: Renewable energy; Boost converter; Fast exponential reaching law; FOSM; Neutral point clamped inverter; PMSG; Wind turbine.
Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant no. 61374155, and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education P R China under Grant no. 20130073110030.

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