Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Nanofluid Usage in a Plate Heat Exchanger for Performance Improvement

*Adnan Sözen  -  Gazi University Energy Systems Engineering Department, Ankara, Turkey
Ataollah Khanları  -  Gazi University Energy Systems Engineering Department, Ankara, Turkey
Erdem Çiftçi  -  Gazi University Energy Systems Engineering Department, Ankara, Turkey
Published: 2 Feb 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Renewable Energy Development

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Full Text:
Statistics: 745 360

Plate heat exchangers, a compact-type heat exchanger, are commonly used heat transfer devices because of their superior characteristics. Their thermal performances are strongly dependent to working fluid circulating inside the system. The influences of nanofluid utilization as the working fluid in a plate heat exchanger was experimentally and numerically analysed in this study. In order to show off the improvement rate in heat transfer, the experiments were performed by using deionized water and TiO2-deionized water nanofluid. The nanofluid was prepared at the rate of 1.5 % as weighted. A surface-active agent, Triton X-100, was also doped into the mixture at the rate of 0.2% of a final concentration to prevent the sedimentation and flocculation of the nanoparticles inside the solution. The experiments were performed in different temperatures as 40°C, 45°C, 50°C and varying cold fluid mass flow rates as 3,4, 5, 6 and 7 lpm.  In addition, using the experimental data, a numerical simulation was realized by ANSYS Fluent software.  The both results indicate that heat transfer rate in plate heat exchanger can be improved using nanofluid as the working fluid in place of deionized water. The maximum improvement rate in heat transfer was obtained as 11 % in experimental study. It is also seen that experimental and numerical results are in good agreement.

©2019. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved

Article History: Received May 18th 2018; Received in revised form October 17th 2018; Accepted January 8th 2019; Available online

How to Cite This Article: Sözen, A., Khanlari, A., and Çiftçi, E. (2019) Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Nanofluid Usage in a Plate Heat Exchanger for Performance Improvement. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 8(1), 27-32.


plate heat exchanger; nanofluid; heat transfer enhancement; performance; numerical analysis

Article Metrics:

  1. Barzegarian, R., Keshavarz Moraveji, M. & Aloueyan, A. (2016) Experimental investigation on heat transfer characteristics and pressure drop of BPHE (brazed plate heat exchanger) using TiO2-water nanofluid. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 74, 11-18.
  2. Behrangzadeh, A. & Heyhat, M.M. (2016) The effect of using nano-silver dispersed water based nanofluid as a passive method for energy efficiency enhancement in a plate heat exchanger. Applied Thermal Engineering, 102, 311-317.
  3. Han, X.H., Cui, L.Q., Chen, S.J., Chen, G.M. & Wang, Q. (2010) A numerical and experimental study of chevron, corrugated-plate heat exchangers. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 37, 1008-1014.
  4. Holman, J. P. (2001) Experimental Methods for Engineers (7th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  5. Huang, D., Wu, Z. & Sunden, B. (2016) Effects of hybrid nanofluid mixture in plate heat exchangers. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 72, 190-196.
  6. Kabeel, A E, El Maaty, T.A, & El Samadony, Y. (2013) The effect of using nano-particles on corrugated plate heat exchanger performance. Applied Thermal Engineering, 52, 221-229.
  7. Kakaç S., Liu H. & Pramuanjaroenkij A. (2012) Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design. Florida, USA: CRC Press.
  8. Kan, M., Ipek, O. & Gurel, B. (2015) Plate heat exchangers as a compact design and optimization of different channel angles, Acta Physica Polonica, 12, 49-52.
  9. Kumar, V., Tiwari A. K., & Ghosh, S.K. (2016). Effect of chevron angle on heat transfer performance in plate heat exchanger using ZnO/water nanofluid, Energy Conversion and Management, 118, 142-154.
  10. Pandey, S.D. & Nema, V.K. (2012) Experimental analysis of heat transfer and friction factor of nanofluid as a coolant in a corrugated plate heat exchanger, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 38, 248-256.
  11. Sarafraz, M. & Hormozi, F. (2016) Heat transfer, pressure drop and fouling studies of multiwalled carbon nanotube nanofluids inside a plate heat exchanger. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 2016, 72, 1-11.
  12. Serebryakova, M.A. Dimov, S.V., Bardakhanov, S. P. & Novopashin, S. A. (2015) Thermal conductivity, viscosity and rheology of a suspension based on Al2O3 nanoparticles and mixture of 90% ethylene glycol and 10% water, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 83, 187-191.
  13. Taghizadeh-Tabari, Z., Zeinali Heris, S., Moradi, M. & Kahani, M. (2016) The study on application of TiO2/water nanofluid in plate heat exchanger of milk pasteurization industries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 58, 1318-1326.
  14. Tiwari, A.K., Ghosh, P. & Sarkar, J. (2013). Performance comparison of the plate heat exchanger using different nanofluids. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 49, 141-151.
  15. Tiwari, A.K., Ghosh, P., Sarkar, J., Dahiya, H. & Parekh, J. (2014) Numerical investigation of heat transfer and fluid flow in plate heat exchanger using nanofluids. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 85, 93-103.
  16. Yang, J., Jacobi, A. & Liu, W. (2017) Heat transfer correlations for single-phase flow in plate heat exchangers based on experimental data. Applied Thermal Engineering, 113, 1547-1557.