skip to main content

Study effect of extreme wind direction change on 3-bladed horizontal axis wind turbine

1Institute of Energy Science - Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

2Division of Mechanical Engineering, Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan

Received: 16 Jul 2019; Revised: 12 Oct 2019; Accepted: 22 Oct 2019; Available online: 30 Oct 2019; Published: 27 Oct 2019.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto

Citation Format:
Cover Image
The Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWT) are used very popular in the world. They were installed mainly on land. However, on the land, the wind regime change is very complex such as high turbulence and constantly changing wind direction. In the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61400-1 standard, the wind regime is devided into the normal wind conditions and the extreme wind conditions. This study will focus on the extreme wind direction change and estimate the aerodynamic forces acting on a 3-bladed HAWT under this condition. Because the extreme wind direction change may cause extreme loads and it will affect the lifetime of HAWTs. This issue is experimented in the wind tunnel in Mie University, Japan to understand these effects. The wind turbine model is the 3-bladed HAWT type and using Avistar airfoil for making blades. A 6-component balance is used to measure the forces and the moments acting on the entire wind turbine in the three directions of x, y and z-axes. This study estimates the load fluctuation of the 3-bladed wind turbine under extreme wind direction change. The results show that the yaw moment and the pitch moment under the extreme wind direction change fluctuate larger than the normal wind condition. Specifically, before the sudden wind direction change happened, the averaged maximum pitch moment MX is -1.78 Nm, and after that MX is 4.45 Nm at inrush azimuth of 0°.©2019. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Wind tunnel; Extreme wind direction change; Load; 3-bladed horizontal axis wind turbine; Experiment.
Funding: Takao Maeda, Mie University

Article Metrics:

  1. Alpman, E (2015). Aerodynamic performance of small-scale horizontal axis wind turbines under two different extreme wind conditions, Journal of Thermal Engineering, 1(3), 420-432
  2. Arthouros Zervos (2019). Global status report. Paris: REN21 Secretariat. 336p
  3. Burton, T., Sharpe, D., Jenkins, N. & Bossanyi, E. (2001). Wind energy handbook. John Wiley & Sons
  4. Danao, L.A., Eboibi, O. & Howell, R. (2013). An experimental investigation into the influence of unsteady wind on the performance of a vertical axis wind turbine. Appl. Energy 107, 403–411
  5. Danao, L.A., Edwards, J., Eboibi, O. & Howell, R. (2014). A numerical investigation into the influence of unsteady wind on the performance and aerodynamics of a vertical axis wind turbine. Appl. Energy 116, 111–124
  6. Hansen, K.S. & Larsen, G.C. (2007). Full scale experimental analysis of extreme coherent gust with wind direction changes (EOD), Journal of Physics, Conference Series, IOP Publishing, 75(1): 012055
  7. International Electro-technical Commission (2005). IEC61400-1. Wind turbine - Part 1: Design requirements. Third edition
  8. Kanev, S. & Van Engelen, T. (2010). Wind turbine extreme gust control. Wind Energy, 13(1), 18-35
  9. Kooiman, S. & Tullis, S. (2010). Response of a vertical axis wind turbine to time varying wind conditions found within the urban environment. Wind Eng. 34 (4), 389–402
  10. Larsen, G.C. & Hansen, K.S. (2008). Rational calibration of four IEC 61400-1 extreme external conditions, Wind Energy, 11(6),685-702
  11. Li, Q., Kamada, Y., Maeda, T., Murata, J. & Nishida, Y. (2016a). Effect of turbulence on power performance of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine in yawed and no-yawed flow conditions. Energy. 109, 703-711
  12. Li, Q., Murata, J., Endo, M., Maeda, T. & Kamada, Y. (2016b). Experimental and numerical investigation of the effect of turbulent inflow on a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (Part I: Power performance). Energy. 113, 713-722
  13. Maeda, T., Kamada, Y. & Murata, J. (2014). LDV measurement of boundary layer on rotating blade surface in wind tunnel. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. IOP Publishing. 555(1) 012057
  14. Mann, J. (1998). Wind field simulation. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 13(4),269–282
  15. Norris, S.E., Cater, J.E., Stol, K.A. & Unsworth, C.P. (2010). Wind turbine wake modelling using Large Eddy Simulation. In Proceedings of the 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. University of Auckland
  16. Norris, S.E., Storey, R.C., Stol, K.A. & Cater, J.E. (2012). Modeling gusts moving through wind farms. In Proceedings of the 31st Wind Energy Symposium. AIAA
  17. Pope, K., Dincer, I. & Naterer, G.F. (2010). Energy and exergy efficiency comparison of horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines. Renew. Energy 35 (9), 2102–2113
  18. Sang, L.Q., Maeda, T., Kamada, Y. & Li, Q. (2017). Experimental investigation of the cyclic pitch control on a horizontalaxis wind turbine in diagonal inflow wind condition. Energy. 134, 269-278
  19. Scheurich, F. & Brown, R.E. (2013). Modelling the aerodynamics of vertical‐axis wind turbines in unsteady wind conditions. Wind Energy 16 (1), 91–107
  20. Sutherland, H.J., Berg, D.E. & Ashwill, T.D. (2012). A retrospective of VAWT technology. SAND 2012-0304. Sandia National Laboratories

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-18 17:10:02

No citation recorded.